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APA Documentation: Incorporating In-text Citations and Creating a Reference List
 

APA Documentation: Incorporating In-text Citations and Creating a Reference List

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Covers integrating parenthetical citations and creating references for a Web site, a book, a print journal article, and an electronically accessed journal article. DOIs are covered.

Covers integrating parenthetical citations and creating references for a Web site, a book, a print journal article, and an electronically accessed journal article. DOIs are covered.

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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • Stefano, I don't know of a way to automatically translate this slidecast. However, you can copy and paste text from each slide into Babelfish at http://babelfish.yahoo.com/. That translation Web site is free of cost. Sorry I don't speak Italian and so cannot do it for you! Good luck with your publication process. Margaret Keys
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  • Sorry, my email in case you have a suggestion for me:
    stefanomarcelli@tiscali.it
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  • Hi Margaret, thanks for your video.
    Do you know if a free program exists to convert automatically for example this text:
    (Binaglia L, Marconi P, Pitzurra M. Diffusione della procaina per via intradermica. G Mesoterapia. 1981;1:15-28. 32.)
    into an APA citation list?
    Best Regard,
    Stefano Marcelli MD
    Italy
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  • Kind of long, but I couldn't decide what else to cut out. Comments welcome! --MDK
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  • MLA Style Comparison: In MLA style, the citation usually is placed at the end of the sentence and contains the page number where the information was located, rather than the year of publication.
  • MLA Comparison: In MLA, there is no title page; the running head consists of the writer’s last name and the page number.
  • MLA Comparison: In MLA style, the in-text citations contain the source author’s last name and the page number in that text where you found your information.
  • MLA Comparison: In MLA, “References” are called Works Cited.
  • MLA Comparison: MLA uses author’s first name, not just initial, and that date is not placed immediately after the author’s name.
  • MLA Comparison: Works Cited is the same type of bibliography as References.
  • Book: Author’s last name, first initial. (publication year). Title of book, italicized, with only first word capitalized. City of publication: Publisher.Article: Author’s last name, first initial. (year of publication only—not the month). Title, not italicized, only first word capitalized. Title of journal, italicized, volume number italicized(issue number), page range.

APA Documentation: Incorporating In-text Citations and Creating a Reference List APA Documentation: Incorporating In-text Citations and Creating a Reference List Presentation Transcript

  • APA Documentation
    Created by Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • Learning Outcomes
    Integrate an APA parenthetical (in-text) citation into the body of your paper.
    Write a full reference in APA format for an article, book, and Web site.
    Incorporate knowledge of DOIs into references.
    Know where to find support materials.
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • I. APA Basics
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • Paper Format
    1-inch margins; double-space text
    Title page contains the paper’s title, writer’s name, and school’s name, double-spaced and centered, plus a “Running head:”at the top left.
    The Running head with page number appears on every page in the upper right margin. In Word, use the Header & Footer function to set this up.
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • APA Sample Title Page
    DNA Problems 1
    Running head: DNA PROBLEMS
    Problems with Collecting DNA
    Evidence at Crime Scenes
    Sarah McCarthy
    Sacramento City College
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • In-text Citations
    Also called parenthetical or internal citations.
    APA in-text citations contain author’s last name and year of publication: (Smith, 55).
    They are usually placed at the beginning of a sentence:
    Jordon and Block (2001) found that incarcerated juveniles had less recidivism when they participated in creative writing courses.
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • References
    The Reference list is the final page(s) of your paper.
    It is entitled References, which is centered at the top of the page.
    References contain full citations (complete bibliographic information) of sources you referred to in your paper.
    It contains only material referred to in your paper.
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • Sample References Page
    DNA Problems 7
    References
    Bellefeuille, J., Bowen, K., Dixon, P., Hanniman, J., Hillier, E., Lama, D.,…Yamashita, D. (2003). Crime scene DNA collection: Research and practical considerations.  Journal of Forensic Identification, 53(6), 729-734.  Retrieved from http://www.theiai.org/publications/jfi.php
    Yount, L. (2007). Forensic science: From fibers to fingerprints. New York: Facts on File, Inc.
     
     
     
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • Elements of References
    The essential elements of a full APA Reference:
    • Book: author’s last name & first initial, date of publication, title, city of publication, and the publisher.
    • Article: author, date, title of article, journal name, volume, issue, pages, DOI (digital object identifier, if available).
    • Web Site: author, date listed on page or n.d. if no date listed, title of Web page, and the phrase Retrieved from with the URL (Internet address) following that.
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • APA Sample Papers
    Sample APA Paper with Labeled Parts
    Sample APA Paper Easy View
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • II. Integrating In-text Citations
    Cite your sources gracefully.
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • Use Phrases and Action Verbs
    Use introductory phrases:
    In a 2002 study,…
    According to Jones & Feingold,
    Recent findings (Jones, Jakeman, & Marca, 2002; Lind & Ortega, 2006) indicate that…
    Use research-oriented verbs such as discovered, proved, indicated, asserted, found, and noted.
    Garcia (2006) asserts that…
    Stutz (2009) found that...
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • Incorporate with Introductions
    Introduce authors and their findings in a sentence with publication date in parentheses immediately after authors’ names:
    In a ground-breaking study, Smith and Stephenson (1987) discovered that prolonged cocaine use creates permanent structural changes in the brain.
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • Summarize & Cite
    Summarize key point and cite the source at end of the sentence:
    Children who were never read to as babies have a more difficult time listening to stories as preschoolers than those who were read to at least 15 minutes per day (Jones, Jakeman, & Marca, 1998).
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • More Brief Examples
    In a 1987 (Smith & Stephenson) study,
    cocaine was found to create permanent changes in the brain.
    In a ten-year study, Jones, Jakeman, and
    Marca (1998) discovered that children…
    Marcel, Lipman, and Bjork (2009) noted that even when…
    Janes (2005), Golski (1999), and Rogers (1999) all found that…
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • III. Reference List
    In-text Citations Direct Readers to References.
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • APA Sample “References”
    Book (one author):
    Lockhart, G. (2000). Neurophysiological theory of addiction. New York: Columbia Press.
    Journal Article, print:
    Millam, D. (1992). Starting I.V.s: How to develop your venipuncture expertise. Nursing, 22(9), 33-48.
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • DOI: Digital Object Identifier
    Articles located in electronic format need an extra element in their reference called a DOI.
    DOI is a combination of numbers and sometimes letters that create a persistent (permanent) link to an electronic resource.
    Often listed on the first page of an article or on its abstract page in a library database.
    If available, copy and paste it into your References.
    If unavailable, look it up at crossref.org’s Free DOI Lookup or list the journal’s Internet address instead.
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • DOI on Article’s Title Page
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
    DOI
  • APA Sample “References”
    Journal Article from Database with DOI:
    Keltner, N., & Wilson, D. (2009). Biological perspectives. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 45(4), 292-296. doi:10.1111/j.1744- 6163.2009.00231.x.
    No DOI listed in database? Quickly locate DOIs at crossref.org. Mouse over Researchers tab and select Free DOI Name Lookup. Scroll down to Search on Article Title and enter title.
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • APA Sample “References”
    Journal Article from database without DOI:
    Smitherman, T. & Thompson, J. (2002). “Writing Our Stories”: An anti-violence creative writing program. Journal of Correctional Education, 53(2), 77-83. Retrieved from http://static.ashland.edu/centers/gill/edjournal
    Here, a simple Internet search located the journal’s URL, which was used instead of a DOI.
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • APA Sample “References”
    Web Site:
    Paddock, C. (2009). 15 cigarettes equal one DNA mutation. Retrieved from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/174409.php
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • APA Resources
    The Online Writing Lab at Purdue: APA Formatting and Style Guide
    American Psychological Association: www.apastyle.orgScroll down to the “Most Popular” section.
    University of Maryland University College Library
    Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition, available at libraries and book stores.
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  • Formatting Tools
    EBSCOHost databases and others offer citation formatting. Look for the Citation and Cite icons.
    http://www.noodletools.com
    Formats citations into APA or MLA styles.
    http://citationmachine.net
    Formats citations into APA, MLA, Turabian, and Chicago styles.
    Double-check the results for accuracy.
    Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS