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Spoken & prounuciation lesson 15
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Spoken & prounuciation lesson 15

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  • 1. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 237 Part 01 Pronunciation skills Lesson 1.1 Aspiration Aspiration is the action of pronouncing a word with  sound Aspirated sound A_© gnvcÖvb aŸwb| Bs‡iRxi 44 wU sound Gi gv‡S wZbwU sound †K gyL †_‡K m‡Rv‡i evZvm †ei K‡i D”PviY Ki‡Z nq| This is called aspiration or aspirated sound. wZbwU sound n‡jv   Practice:- 1. GKwU †gvgevwZ R¡vwj‡q gy‡Li mvg‡b a‡i D³ wZbwU sound D”PviY Ki‡j †gvgevwZ wb‡f hv‡e| 2. GKwU plate G cvwb wb‡q gy‡Li mvg‡b a‡i D³ wZbwU sound D”PviY Ki‡j cvwb‡Z wave m„wó n‡e| 3. KvM‡Ri GKwU sheet gy‡Li mvg‡b a‡i D³ wZbwU sound D”PviY Ki‡j sheet wU b‡o hv‡e| Problem:- D³ wZbwU sound memgq Aspiration nq bv| ZLb G¸‡jvi D”Pvib nq evsjv c, U, K Gi g‡Zv| ZvB cy‡iv wbqg AvqË bv K‡i practice Ki‡Z †M‡j word ev sentence G weK…wZ nIqvi m¤¢vebv i‡q‡Q| Now we will learn where these three sounds will be aspirated and where not.  Where will be aspirated 1. Every mono syllabic word starts with /  Pack  Tape  Cake  Pair  Tempt  Catch  Peep  Time  Card  Plane  Take  Care  Pain  Teach  Carve  Palm  Trust  Case  Plant  Try  Crown  Park  Tube  Code  Pay  Tear  Cold  Kind  Kick  Keen  Kite  Kiss  Keep 
  • 2. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 238  2. In disyllabic, trisyllabic or polysyllabic word if we get stress mark on any syllable that starts with  will be aspirated. Paper  Temperature  Comfort  Packet  Temporary  Comment  Patrol  Tropic  Complex  Patriot  Twenty  Concept  Potentia l  Transitory  Confident   Popular   Transparent  Keeper  Perplex  Ticket  Kidnap  Particul ar   Temporal  Kindergart en  Potato  Transport  Keepsake  Potassiu m  Target  Kingdom    Wherewill 1. Ending  will abbreviate  awake  packet  accelerate  automatic  blanket  accident  basket  bracket  antiseptic  jacket  classic  top  camp  lyric  ship  jump  organic  cap  keep  picnic  2. After  sound, will not be start  spoken  sky  school  stupid  spontaneously  scholar   studio  stadium  speak  storage  statistics  special  spring  stimulate  student  skeleton  standard 
  • 3. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 239 3. Syllabic consonant starts with  people  capital  steeple  sprinkle  numerical  scruple  example  whimsical  radical  sparkle  vocal  practical  hostel  vital  political  hospital  vertical  principle  obstacle  vehicle  local  chemical  twinkle  cattle  accidental  technical  uncle  article  surgical  logical  button  supple  immortal   4. n disyllabic, trisyllabic or polysyllabic word if we don’t get stress mark on any syllable that starts with  than that syllable will not be aspirated. Aspiration  Technology  Capacity  Applicant  Terrific  Collapse  Production  Testimony  Collection   Penultimate  Together  Combine  Perfection  Tomorrow  Command  People  Tonight  Commitment  Prepare  Transcribe  Comparison   Preserve  Transfer  Competitive  Pretension  Translate  Complain  Prevent  Tomato  Conclude 
  • 4. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 240 Elision (aŸwb‡jvc) k‡ã Av‡Q wKš‘ D”Pvi‡Y †bB, GiB bvg Elision ev aŸwb‡jvc 1. KLbI KLbI k‡ã Vowel _v‡K wKš‘ D”Pvi‡Y _v‡Kbv| History   Laboratory   Family   2. †Kvb k‡ãi †k‡l hw` // _v‡K Ges Gi c~‡e© hw` // I / _v‡K Z‡e †kl // D”PvwiZ n‡ebv| Last time   Last line   Best country   First night   Fast bus   Best man   Soft matters   Left knee   Next day   Soft drink   3. ‡Kvb k‡ãi †k‡l hw` // _v‡K Ges Gi c~‡e© hw` / /, // I / / _v‡K Z‡e †k‡l // D”PvwiZ n‡ebv| Blind man   Kind nurse   Handsome   Locked car   4. cvkvcvwk Aew¯’Z `ywU k‡ãi cÖ_gwUi †k‡l Ges cieZx©wUi cÖ_‡g GKB ev mgRvZxq aŸwb _vK‡j GKwU aŸwb Dn¨ _v‡K| Bus stop   Last chance   That’s true  
  • 5. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 241 LESSON-4 Your Favorite game About Shakib Al Hasan, also known as Saqibul Hasan, (Bengali: সািকব আল হাসান) (born 24 March 1987 in Magura) is a Bangladeshi cricketer who made his One Day International debut against Zimbabwe in August 2006. Description: Shakib Al Hasan is a left-arm spinner and talented batsman, who ensured his place in the Bangladesh squad for the U-19 World Cup in Sri Lanka with a blistering performance in the final of the tri-nations U-19 ODI tournament in Bangladesh. Firstly, he took 3 for 39 in the Sri Lankan innings and then scored 100 to guide Bangladesh to victory. Although primarily selected for his bowling, he has shown great potential with the bat. As well as the century, he has scored two half-centuries and has an Afridi-style strike rate of more than 106. Hasan made his one-day debut in the final match against Zimbabwe in July 2006. He scored an unbeaten 30 and helped steer Bangladesh to victory. Since then Hasan has proved to be an asset to his team. He scored his maiden ODI hundred, against Canada in a tri- series before the 2007 World Cup and a year later hit his first against a better attack - Pakistan's. His bowling has been penetrative and economical and his partnership with fellow left-armer Abdur Razzak has been a bonus for Bangladesh. Shakib rattled New Zealand with 7 for 36 in the 2008 Chittagong Test, which till date are the best figures by a Bangladesh bowler in an innings. His sensational batting took Bangladesh to their first ever tri-series final, against Sri Lanka, the following year. He's one of the most valuable and consistent performers in the team.
  • 6. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 242 Name of the Topic: Bangladesh Women secured one-day international status for the first time with a nine-wicket victory over USA Women in a low-scoring game in Savar. USA won the toss and chose to bat but were bowled out for 78. Thanks to Khadiza Tul Kubra for beautiful bowling 4 from 20. Bangladesh then took just 18.5 overs to reach their target with Suktara Rahaman top scoring an unbeaten 29. Bangladesh captain, Salma Khatun, was delighted with her side's achievement. "It feels fantastic to have gained ODI status and it means a lot for Bangladesh women's cricket, things can only get better from here." Tigress started the scoring slowly but ended it quickly.
  • 7. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 243 Activity-01: Find out Five nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs from the text and write it here. Noun Verb Adjective Adverb 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Activity-02: Complete the sentence by adverbs or adjectives from the table. Adjective or Adverb delighted fantastic slow quick beautiful delightedly fantastically slowly quickly beautifully 1. Salma Khatun expressed her opinion __________________. 2. There was a __________________ ending from Bangladesh bating. 3. Shuktara Rahman scored __________________ unbeaten 29. 4. Khadiz Tul Kubra took 4 wickets for 20 runs by bowling __________________. 5. Bangladeshi people are __________________ for this ODI status. 6. The girls started chasing the chasing the score __________________.
  • 8. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 244 7. There was a __________________ bowling attack from local team. 8. There were some __________________ deliveries from Bangladeshi Kobra. 9. Kobra took 4 wicket so __________________. Activity-04: Group Work (Role Play) Consider yourselves with these personalities (Roles) and explain your opinion after hearing the news of the wining Bangladesh Woman Cricket Team and its ODI status. Role Example of playing it Sultana Kamal It’s proved that women are not lack behind, if they get equal chance and facilities to compete like men….. Chairperson of NHRC As woman rights is the part of human rights and we are working regarding this field so………………. Present PM of Bangladesh As it was one of the main parts of our Election manifesto ‘Woman empowerment’ and we are committed to ……. A Religious Leader It is nothing but another conspiracy and aggression against our religion by getting out woman from home and undressed…………………
  • 9. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 245 Activity-05: This house believes that “Women are getting equal chance to move ahead in Bangladesh”. Government Opposition
  • 10. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 246 Part 03 Practical Session Lesson 3.1 Practice & be fluent Speech Demonstration Skills (Cue Cards) Choose your topic and have preparation for five minutes and then deliver your speech in front of audience. (3 minutes each) Future Plan What to say How to say (key words)  What is your future plan?  Why did you choose this?  How will this help you in your future?  What can you do for your country by this?  BCS cadre/businessman/......etc.  Prestigious/seductive salary/more money....etc.  Honour/social recognition/ensured future...etc.  Serve the humanity/ raise awareness/remove illiteracy/extend helping hand ........etc. Gift What to say How to say (key words)  What is the best gift you got?  Who gave you the gift?  Why is it special to you?  Do you see the brand of the gift?  ...............................................................  ...............................................................  ...............................................................  ............................................................... Law and Order What to say How to say (key words)  What is the condition of Bangladesh’s law and order system?  What can the general people do to develop the system?  What should be the government’s steps?  ........................................................  .........................................................  .........................................................  .........................................................
  • 11. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 247 Part 04 Additional study materials (Not for Class) Lesson 4.1 1.1 Vocabulary chorus from flash card : (oral test) No. Words/Expressions Pronunciation Meaning Translate into English (oral) 01. Live in affluence - cÖvPz‡h© emevm hviv (those who) cÖvPz‡h© emevm Ki‡Q Zv‡`i Rb¨ Mwi‡ei `ytL-`y`©kv eySv LyeB KwVb| (It’s very defficult to............) 02. Alleviate sufferings (v.) AvjxwfGBU Qvdvwism `yL-`y`©kv jvNe Kiv Ô†jŠW÷vi P¨vwiwUÕ Mwie‡`i `ytL-`y`©kv jvNe Kivi †Póv Ki‡Z _vK‡e| 03. Live together amicably - kvwš— I †gŠnv`©c~Y©fv‡e GKmv‡_ emevm Kiv evsjv‡`‡ki RbMY kvwš— I †gŠnv`©c~Y©fv‡e RvwZ ag© wbwe©‡k‡l GKmv‡_ emevm Ki‡Q| (irrespective cost and cred) 04. Arouse suspicions AvÕivDR m‡›`‡ni D‡`ªK Kiv‡bv Lesson 4.2 1.2 Vocabulary chorus from flash card : (oral test) No. Words/Expressions Meaning Translate into English (oral) 01. Differentiate (cv_©K¨ wbY©q Kiv) Everybody can differentiate whether it’s good or bad. 02. Almost (cÖvq) Almost all of us can spear English well. (Avgv‡`i cÖvq mK‡jB) 03. City dwellers (bMievmx) Most of the city dwellers are living in a concrete house. (AwaKvsk) 04. Slum-dwellers (ew¯—evmx) The slum-dwellers are suffering a lot. 05. Several times (AmsL¨evi) I call you. 06. Dilemma (Dfq msKU) I’m now in dilemma. 07. Kinship (AvZ¥xqZvi m¤úK©) Never break the kinship. 08. Fondness (AbyivM, Avmw³) He showed his fondness for traditional songs. 09. Vague (A¯úó) It is still totally vague to me. 10. Imbalance (fvemvg¨nxbZv) Imbalance is a threat for a better life. Lesson 4.3 1.3 Everyday words from vocabulary book: No. Expressions Meaning Sentences 01. It is said that.. (ejv nq †h/ Kw_Z Av‡Q †h,)  It is said that he is 100 years old. 02. It is expected that.. (Avkv Kiv nq †h,)  It is expected that it will end soon. 03. It is reported that .. (Le‡i cÖKvk †h)  04. It is known that.. (GUv Rvbv †h)  05. It is believed that.. (wek¦vm Kiv nq †h)  06. It is found that.. (†`Lv †M‡Q †h,)  07. It is understood that.. (eySv †M‡Q †h,)  08. It is seen that.. (j¶¨ Kiv hvq †h,)  09. It is proved that.. (GUv cÖgvwYZ †h) 
  • 12. LODESTAR INSTITUTE Spoken & Pronunciation Course 248 10. It is imagined that.. (Kíbv Kiv nq †h,)  11. It is considered that.. (we‡ePbv Kiv nq †h,)  12. It is opined that.. (gZ cÖKvk Kiv nq †h,)  13. It is warned that.. (mZK© Kiv nq †h,)  14. It is popular that.. (cÖPwjZ Av‡Q †h,)  15. It is current that.. (GUv Pvjy Av‡Q †h,)  16. It is alleged that... (Awf‡hvM Kiv nq †h,)  Lesson 4.4 Untold misery (AeY©bxq Kó) Lengthy process (`xN© cÖwµqv) Brutal acts (cvkweK KvR) Spoiled boy (bó/eLv‡U †Q‡j) Exemplary punishment (`„óvš—g~jK kvwš—) Menace (AvZ¼) Bizarre comment (D™¢U gš—e¨) Financial assistance (Avw_©K mnvqZv) Preside over (mfvcwZZ¡ Kiv) Along with the people (RbMY‡K mv‡_ wb‡q) Come to power (¶gZvq Avmv) Anti people budget (MYwe‡ivax ev‡RU) Call upon (AvnŸvb Rvbv‡bv) Civil society (mykxj mgvR) Come forward to (GwM‡q Avmv) Stiffled (AwZô) Newly elected (bewbe©vwPZ) Freedom of expression (evK ¯^vaxbZv) Pose question (cÖkœ ivLv) Express deep concern (Mfxi D‡ØM cÖKvk Kiv) Indefinite strik (Awbw`©óKv‡ji Rb¨ ag©NU) As long as/ so long as (hZw`b) I shan’t tolerate indiscipline as long as I am in this office

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