email@example.com.CompanyLogo44Correct Pronunciation of 7 daysFridayThursdayWednesdayTuesdayMondaySundaySaturday
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo55Correct Pronunciation of 12 monthsDecemberNovemberOctoberSeptemberAugustJulyJuneMayAprilMarchFebruaryJanuary
email@example.com.CompanyLogo66Correct Pronunciation of NumbersFifteenFourteenThirteenTwelveElevenTenNineEightSevenSixFiveFourThreeTwoOneHundredƺNinetyƺEightyƺSeventySixtyFiftyƺFortyƺThirtyƺ Twenty 1stƺTwentyNineteenEighteenSeventeenSixteen
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo77The pronunciation of ‘ation’AdmirationAspirationAssimilationCivilizationAnticipationAnimationApplicationPreparationAbbreviationPresentationTranscriptionWordTranscriptionWord
email@example.com.CompanyLogo9925 consonant sounds: at a glance
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo1010Suffix age/ege always sounds like sagepassageragecottagepagebandageengagebaggagecageaverageageadvantageTranscriptionWordTranscriptionWord
email@example.com.CompanyLogo1111Vowel sounds : 19Tripthongs-2Diphthongs -5 Vowel must be learnt by listening carefully and imitating. So spend some of your listening timeon the vowels.Monophthongs-12
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo121225 consonant sounds: at a glance
email@example.com.CompanyLogo131325 consonant sounds: at a glance
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo1414How to pronounce a word1. Firstly, find out how many syllables are there in the word.2. Secondly, notice on which syllable there is stress.3. Thirdly, try to pronounce all syllables separately.4. Then, pronounce all syllable together and emphasis thesyllable on which there is a stress.Example: - Information
email@example.com.CompanyLogo1515All about SyllableWhat is syllable?Phonetically a syllable means a group of one or more sounds.Grammatically syllable is a part of word, can be pronounced at a time andwhich has got a vowel sound.A syllable can be made in the following waysccvcvcvcvccvcv1.Vowel --- a //, I /2.Vowel + Consonant --- it eve 3.Vowel + Consonant + Consonant--- ink 4.Consonant + Vowel + Consonant--- but , put 5.Consonant + Vowel--- do , so 6.Consonant + Consonant + Vowel--- snow
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo1616Phonetic characteristics of a syllable1. Weak syllable …… Always tends to be shorter and alwaysunstressed2. Strong syllable ….. Most of the time stressed.1. Schwa / is always associated with weak syllable. is most of the time associated with weak syllable. is most of the time associated with weak syllable.4. Syllabic consonant is always associated with weak syllable.5. On the other hand, all the strong syllable have the opposite characteristics.
email@example.com.CompanyLogo1717About Schwa/Schwa is the smallest sound of English language. It isalso a difficult sound. It is because some students cannotmake difference between // and //. So // must belearned by listening carefully and imitating.Where // Schwa is used1. Article ………………Example: A bird 2. Weak syllable………. Example: Hospital Here is weak syllable1. Weak form………… Example: An 2. Elision……………… Example: Camera into
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo1818Pronunciation ‘T’The true ‘T’ and the Flap ‘T’Rule: 1- Flap ‘T’ between vowel soundsInvitingWaitingHeatingBitingRule: 2- Flap ‘T’ with /FortyWaterThirtyWaiterHeartyQuarterDaughterArtistBefore & After / After / Before /
email@example.com.CompanyLogo1919Pronunciation ‘T’Rule: 3 - With double ‘T’LitterLettuceLatterMottoButterKittoBitterDittoBatterRule: 4- Before / /MortalLittleHospitalBottleBattle
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo2020Pronunciation ‘T’Rule: 5- Between words• I bought a CD of lessons• It’ll be useful• Oh no! Where did I put it?
email@example.com.CompanyLogo2121Identify the entire flap ‘T’1. Automatic2. Mentality3. Potato4. Starting5. Total6. From the beginning it’s been a very bitter winter.7. Back in December we had a terrible ice storm and manyfamilies mine included, lost electricity.8. Today is the little warmer than usual.9. But I know colder temperatures will return.10.I’ll try to say warm. You do same.
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo2222Pronunciation ‘T’Plosive sound ‘T’In order to produce an American T sound, the tip of the BOTTOM ridge of yourupper GUMS, unlike the tip touching in the center of your upper bard pattle likefor the Bangladeshi ‘t’ sound.Let’s try this now, TEEESay this 5 times. Now not only 5 times say this more than 5 times if you need todo.Now with some words:TerminateTinyToughTeenageTrialTurnTerribleTerrificTypeTapTongueTuneTableTournamentTourTennisTimeTomorrow
email@example.com.CompanyLogo2323Plosive sounds ‘T’ RulesRule-1: If T is the beginning of a word: Plosive T is ALL the cases.1. It took Tim ten times to try the telephone stop touching Ted’stoes.2. Turn towards Stella and study her contact together.3. Control your terms.4. It’s Tommy’s turn to tell the teacher the truth5. Timothy and Todd told Teresa, their secretary to total up theiraccounts.
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo2424Pronunciation ‘T’Rules: 2:If T is in the middle of two vowels a soft‘d’ should not bemistaken with an exact D sound. Otherwise, that would bequite heavy. For the soft ‘d’ sound your tongue needs to flapup to the BOTTOM ridg of upper GUMS. This is sameposition as the plosive American T sound. However, in thiscase all you need to do is flap at that position and not applyany effort.
email@example.com.CompanyLogo2525Pronunciation ‘T’Example: Sentence-What a good idea.Put it in a bottle.Write it in a letterSet it on the metal gutter.Put all the data in the computer.Insert a quarter in the meter.Get a better water heater.Let her put a smarter or Betty’s at the meeting.It’s getting hotter and hotter.Petty ought to write a better letter.Frieda had a little metal battle.Betty bought a bit of better butter.Pat ought to sit on a lap.
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo2626Pronunciation ‘T’Rule: 5- The last rule five is also about N in the word, buthere the ‘T’ follows N immediately.If the N is before the T then the T goes silent.AdvantagePercentageInternationalInterviewInteractInternet
email@example.com.CompanyLogo2727Pronunciation ‘T’Practice with sentences:He interrupted twenty interviews in Toronto.There was a large percentage of international students.He won’t even interfere with the interaction.We took full advantage of the internet.He drove interested through to Alkanet.He’s at the international hotel.He wasn’t even helping out.He hasn’t bothered you much, has he?We won’t always do it, believe me.Patty was good right, wasn’t he?
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo2828Pronunciation ‘T’Tongue twister for getting fluencyPeter piper picked a pack of pickled peppers.Did peter piper pick a pack of pickled peppers?If peter piper picked a pack of pickled peppers,Where’s the pack of pickled peppers peter piper picked.
email@example.com.CompanyLogo2929IntonationThe aim of all speech is to send the message loud and clearthrough various means. Like stress and rhythm, intonation isalso a means of conveying the message.When we speak, the pitch of our voice keeps on changing,sometimes it goes up or high and sometimes it is down orlow. This change in pitch is not totally aimless or withoutany purpose. It is called intonation.
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo3030IntonationTypes of intonationThere are mainly two types of intonation1. Upward intonation2. Downward intonationCharacteristicsUpward : - hesitation, doubt, uncertainlyDownward: - Firmness, Finality, resolution,directness
email@example.com.CompanyLogo3131IntonationUses of TuneIn statement: -I went to DhakaI’m fully certainThat’s the end of the new?In command: -Pull the chairDon’t talkOperate the computerGo aheadIn WH question: -When are you goingHow much have I to pay?What are you doing?
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo3232AssimilationAssimilationThe shape of a word may also be altered by nearly sounds; this is calledassimilation. Normally we pronounce one as , but one more may bepronounced where the shape of one has changed because of thefollowing /m/ in more. Also next is usually pronounced but in next monthmay be , where the final / t/ has disappeared.• /t/ will be changed into /p/before /p/,/b/ or /m/Right pathRight boyRight man• /d/ will be changed into /b/ before /p/, /b/, or /m/Red pictureRed bagRed man
email@example.com.CompanyLogo3333Assimilation /d/ will be changed into /b/ before /p/, /b/, or /m/Red pictureRed bagRed man /n/ will be changed into /m/ before /p/, /b/,or /m/Action planBrown bagOpen market /t/ will be changed into /k/ before /k/,or /g/Short cutFat girl
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo3434Assimilation /d/ will be changed into / before /Good, bad girlRed carpet /n/ will be changed into // before /Can goGolden gateGolden coin /s/ will be changed into before This seatThis shipThis year // will be changed into /s/ before /s/Both sidesNorth south
email@example.com.CompanyLogo3535ElisionWhat is Elision?Sometimes some vowel or consonant sound disappear or elidefor the influence of adjacent or neighboring sound duringrapid or causal speech, it is called elision.Necessity of ElisionNon native learners are not bound to use it. They can use itor not. But it is important for them to be aware that whennative speakers of English talk to each other.
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo3636ElisionKinds of Elision:1. Elision of vowel sound2. Elision of consonant sound3. Other Elision.Elision of vowel soundsNormally is elided in rapid speech.ExampleCamera Vegetable Potato Today Tomato
email@example.com.CompanyLogo3737ElisionElision of consonant sounds:Normally /t/, /d/ are elided in rapid speech•First --- boy, girl, time, day, man, night, page, year, class, division•Last --- boy, girl, time, day, man, night, page, year, class, division•Best --- man, friend, person•Must --- be, have•Second --- class, division, boy, time, day, man, year, page, night•Blind --- man
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo3939Pronunciation Tips:The Suffix ‘-ssion’ and ‘-tion’ usually sounds like with some expressions:aspirationoppressionassimilationpassionattentionpossessioncaptionsuspensioncivilizationtransmissionTranscriptionWordTranscriptionWordtionssion
email@example.com.CompanyLogo4040StressWhat is Stress?Stress means ‡Rvi †`Iqv, Pvc †`Iqv, EmphasisAt first stress can be divided into two ----1.Word stress2.Sentence stressWhat is word stress?When a word has more than one syllable, one of them is pronounced with moreforce than the rest. This force is regarded as word stress.Example:PhoneticsAdvanceSaturdayFatherCharacteristics of a stressed syllableI.LoudnessII.LengthIII.Pitch change
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo4141StressTypes of word stressThere are mainly two types ofstressa.Primary stressb.Secondary stressPrimary stress is marked by upper vertical lineExample: - Open Secondary stress is marked by lower vertical lineExample: - Education
email@example.com.CompanyLogo4242How to find out stress?• Shewa never appears within a stressed syllable, as it isunstressed by nature.Example: - Teacher About • Every monosyllabic word is stressed but no stress mark isgiven on it.Example: - cat, dog, cow, how, now• Most of the common two syllable nouns and adjectiveshave stress on the first syllable.Example: - sister, brother, mother, water, paper, table• Most of the affix (prefix and suffix) are not stressed.Example: -about, amount, account, achievement
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo4343Stress1) Words that can be used either as a noun or a verb has twotypes of stresses.1) A noun has stress on the first syllable.2) A verb has stress on the second syllableInsultkConsultConductRebelContactIncreaseImportSuspectPerfectverbnounword
email@example.com.CompanyLogo4444Stress2. In two syllable verbs, stress is always on the strong syllable.Initial positions: - centre, equal, openFinal positions: - assist, aback, arrive3. In three syllable verbs, if the final syllable is strong, thenit will be stressed.Example: - entertain, ascertain4. But if the final syllable is weak, then the second syllableis to be stressed.Example: - encounter, determine
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo4545Stress5. In a disyllabic or in a trisyllabic word if the final syllablecontains sund then the primary stress will go on thebeginning syllable.buffalocargoswallowborrowvetofollowdiscovideodemophotoautowindowaudioradio
email@example.com.CompanyLogo4646Stress6. If any word contains “tion” then the primary stress willput on its preceding syllable.generationproductionglobalizationpromotionimmigrationqualificationmeditationrelationoccupationsatisfactionoppositionactionorganizationsectionorientationnationpopulationvacation
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo4747Stress7. In abbreviations the first letter contains secondary stress andthe last one contains primary stress.Example:-S.S.C - Secondary school certificate.H.S.C - Higher secondary certificate.B.B.A - Bachelor of business administrationM.B.A - Master of business administrationB.S.S - Bachelor of social scienceM.S.S - Master of social science
email@example.com.CompanyLogo4848Stress8. Stress on penultimate syllable (second from the end)(a)Words ending in ‘ic’ or ‘ical’ic = dramatic, patriotic, phoneticical = political, biological, practical(b)Words ending in ‘sion’ and ‘tion’sion = occasion, diffusion, solutiontion = production, conversation, migration(c) Words ending in ‘ion and ‘sive’ as suffixion = inflexion, religion, opinionsive = exclusive, offensive, possessive
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo4949Stress9. Stress on ante penultimate syllable (third from the end)Words ending in ‘cy’, ‘ty’, ‘phy’, ‘gy’.cy = policy, privacy, democracy.ty = personality, opportunity, curiosity.phy = philosophy, photography, geographygy = technology, sociology, biology
email@example.com.CompanyLogo5050StressStress on polysyllabic words.These words usually have more than one stress - a ‘primary’ stress and a‘secondary’ stress. Often such words contain a prefix such as ‘inter’, ‘un’ and‘anti’ etc. and this prefix has a secondary stress. This is mostly common withmany long technical words.Example:-Examination, antipersonnel, unforgettable, anticlockwise,
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo5252Inflection1. If the final sound of the verb’s infinitive is a vowel or voiced consonant except /d/ the past tense and the past participle are formed byadding /-d/. For example:To carry / -------- Carried to hurry // -------- hurried /2. If the final sound of the verb’s infinitive are a vowel or voiceless consonant (/p,t, h, f, T), except /t/, the past tense verbs and the past participle are formed byadding /-t/. For example:To stop / -------- stopped /to talk / -------- talked /3. If the final sounds of the verb’s infinitive end in /-t/ or /-d/, the past tense verbsand the past participle are formed by adding /-id/. For example:To paint / -------- painted /to want // -------- wanted /
email@example.com.CompanyLogo5353Inflection4. If the final sound of the noun’s singular or the verb’s infinitive (to + PV pre.form) is a vowel or a voiced consonant (except the ending is formed by adding /-z/. For example:City / -------- cities/Saw / -------- saws/tub // -------- tubs 5. If the final sound of the noun’s singular or the verb’s infinitive is a voicelessconsonant except the ending is formed by adding /-s/.For example:drop / ------- drops /pot / -------- pots month -------- months
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo5454Inflection6. If the final sound of the noun’s singular or the verb’s infinitive ends in theending is formed by adding For example:Bus ------- Buses match / -------- matches to kiss --------she kisses /to match / -------- he matches / 7. If the final sound of a comparative form is “er” and a superlative form is“est” then the last sound will be and For example:high ------- higher ------- highest long ------ longer ------ longest
email@example.com.CompanyLogo5555Pronunciation Tips:Suffix ‘-cally’ always sounds like economicallyfantasticallydynamicallybasicallydiplomaticallyartisticallyclassicallyalphabeticallybiologicallyautomatically
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo5656AspirationAspiration is the action of pronouncing a word with /h/ soundWhere will be aspirated1. Every mono syllabic word starts with /p/ /t/ /k/ will be aspiratedCarveTeachPainCareTakePlaneCardTimePeepCatchTemptPairCakeTapePack
email@example.com.CompanyLogo5757Aspiration2. In disyllabic, trisyllabic or polysyllabic word if we get stress mark onany syllable that starts with will be aspirated.KindergartenTemporalParticularKidnapTicketPerplexKeeperTransparentPopularConfidentTransitoryPotentialConceptTwentyPatriotComplexTropicPatrolCommentTemporaryPacketComfortTemperaturePaper
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo5858AspirationWhere will 1. Ending will classicjacketantisepticbracketbasketaccidentblanketautomaticacceleratepacketawakeabbreviate
email@example.com.CompanyLogo5959Aspiration2. After sound, will not be standardskeletonstudentstimulatespringspecialstatisticsstoragespeakstadiumstudioscholarspontaneouslystupidschoolskyspokenstart
firstname.lastname@example.org.CompanyLogo6060Aspiration3. Syllabic consonant starts with cattletwinklechemicallocalvehicleobstacleprincipleverticalhospitalpoliticalvitalhostelpracticalvocalsparkleradicalwhimsicalexamplescruplenumericalsprinklesteeplecapitalpeople
email@example.com.CompanyLogo6161Aspiration1.In disyllabic, trisyllabic or polysyllabic word if we don’t get stress markon any syllable that starts with than that syllable will not beaspirated.CombineTogetherPenultimateCollectionTestimonyProductionCollapseTerrificApplicantCapacityTechnologyAspiration