MongoDB hearts Django? (Django NYC)

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A look at how to work with MongoDB and Django, and how we can make the interaction even better in the future.

A look at how to work with MongoDB and Django, and how we can make the interaction even better in the future.

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  • 1. open-source, high-performance, schema-free, document-oriented database http://www.mongodb.org/
  • 2. The Web framework for perfectionists with deadlines http://www.djangoproject.com/
  • 3. “One size fits all” no longer RDBMS (Oracle, MySQL) Non-relational New gen. OLAP (vertica, aster, greenplum) operational stores (“NoSQL”)
  • 4. NoSQL really means: non-relational next generation operational datastores and databases
  • 5. Scaling out no joins + light transactional semantics = horizontally scalable architectures
  • 6. Data models no joins + light transactional semantics = horizontally scalable architectures important side effect : new data models = improved ways to develop applications
  • 7. Data models Key/value memcached, dynamo, voldemort Tabular bigtable, cassandra, hbase, hypertable Document-oriented couchdb,
  • 8. MongoDB in two minutes • Documents (think rows) are dicts: {“hello”: “world”} {“hello”: “world”, “foo”: [{“bar”: 1}]} • Collections (think tables) are schema-free • Queries are dynamic • Great single node performance • Built in replication and auto-sharding • No complex transactions
  • 9. ?
  • 10. Yes... ...but also sometimes no
  • 11. Similar to + • A lot of Django doesn’t depend on django.db: • URL dispatch, templates, I18N, caching, etc. • Some things do: • Models • Auth • Sessions • Admin
  • 12. settings.py DATABASE_ENGINE = '' DATABASE_NAME = '' DATABASE_USER = '' DATABASE_PASSWORD = '' DATABASE_HOST = '' DATABASE_PORT = '' MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES = ( 'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware', # 'django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware', # 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware', ) INSTALLED_APPS = ( # 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', # 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.sites', )
  • 13. Representing a Poll {'question': 'Do MongoDB + Django <3 each other?', 'pub_date': datetime.datetime(2010, 1, 21), 'choices': [{'votes': 35, 'choice': 'Yes!'}, {'votes': 2, 'choice': 'No...'}]}
  • 14. models.py (PyMongo) def save_poll(question): return db.polls.insert({"question": question, "pub_date": datetime.utcnow()}) def all_polls(): return db.polls.find() def add_choice(poll_id, choice): db.polls.update({"_id": poll_id}, {"$push": {"choices": {"choice": choice, "votes": 0}}}) def add_vote(poll_id, choice): db.polls.update({"_id": poll_id}, {"$inc": {"choices.%d.votes" % choice: 1}}) http://api.mongodb.org/python
  • 15. models.py (MongoKit) class Poll(mongokit.Document): structure = {"question": str, "pub_date": datetime, "choices": [{"choice": str, "votes": int}]} required_fields = ["question"] default_values = {"pub_date": datetime.utcnow()} http://bytebucket.org/namlook/mongokit
  • 16. models.py (Ming) class Poll(ming.Document): class __mongometa__: session = session name = "polls" _id = ming.Field(ming.schema.ObjectId) question = ming.Field(str, required=True) pub_date = ming.Field(datetime.datetime, if_missing=datetime.datetime.utcnow) choices = ming.Field([{"choice": str, "votes": int}]) http://merciless.sourceforge.net/
  • 17. mango - sessions and auth • Full sessions support • mango provided User class • supports is_authenticated(), set_password(), etc. http://github.com/vpulim/mango
  • 18. mango - sessions and auth SESSION_ENGINE = 'mango.session' AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS = ('mango.auth.Backend',) MONGODB_HOST = 'localhost' MONGODB_PORT = None MONGODB_NAME = 'mydb' http://github.com/vpulim/mango
  • 19. What about admin? • No great solution... yet. • Could replace admin app like mango does for sessions / auth • Or...
  • 20. Supporting MongoDB in django.db • Best solution (long term) • http://bitbucket.org/kpot/django-mongodb/ • http://bitbucket.org/wkornewald/django-nonrel/ • http://code.djangoproject.com/wiki/NonSqlBackends
  • 21. 1. Download MongoDB http://www.mongodb.org 2. Try it out! 3. (And help us make things work better with Django!)
  • 22. • http://www.mongodb.org • irc.freenode.net#mongodb • mongodb-user on google groups • @mongodb, @mdirolf • mike@10gen.com • http://www.slideshare.net/mdirolf • http://github.com/mdirolf/djanMon/