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Principles of Design

Principles of Design

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Ch08 principles of design Ch08 principles of design Presentation Transcript

  • Principles of Design
  • Principles of Design Balance Emphasis Proportion and ScaleRhythm and Repetition Unity and Variety
  • Leonardo da Vinci. Study of Human Proportion: The Vitruvian Man. c. 1492.
  • Frank Gehry residence. 1977–78.
  • BalanceSymmetricalAsymmetrical Radial
  • Symmetry Absolute Bilateral
  • Taj Mahal. Mughal period, c. 1632–48.
  • Enguerrand Quarton. Coronation of the Virgin. 1453–54. 72 x 86 5/8 in.
  • Asymmetrical Balance Balance can be achieved even when the two sides of the compositionlack symmetry, if they seem to possess the same visual weight.
  • Childe Hassam. Boston Common at Twilight. c. 1885-86. 42 x 60 in.,
  • Jan Vermeer. Woman Holding a Balance. c. 1664. 15 7/8 x 14 in., framed: 24 3/4 x 23 x 3 in.
  • Radial BalanceWhere everything radiates outward from a central point.
  • Rose window. Chartres Cathedral. c. 1215.
  • EmphasisArtists employ emphasis in order to draw the viewer’s attention to one area of the work.That area is called the focal point.
  • Anna Vallayer-Coster. Still Life with Lobster. 1781. 27 3/4 x 35 1/4 in.
  • Georges de La Tour. Joseph the Carpenter. c. 1645. 18 1/2 x 25 1/2 in.
  • Anselm Kiefer. Parsifal I. 1973. 127 7/8 x 86 1/2 in.
  • Fransisco Goya. The Third of May 1808. 1810-1812.
  • Radial BalanceWhere everything radiates outward from a central point. Jackson Pollock. Number 1. 1948.
  • Larry Poons. Orange Crush. 1963. 80 x 80 in.
  • Scale and Proportion Scale = used to describe the dimensions of an art object in relation to the original object that it depicts or in relation to the objects around it. Proportion = refers to the relationshipBetween the parts of an object and the whole, or to the relationship between an object and Its surroundings.
  • Do-Ho Suh. Public Figures. 1998–99. 10 x 7 x 9 ft.
  • Do-Ho Suh
  • Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen. Spoonbridge and Cherry. 1988. 29 ft. 6 in. x 51 ft. 6 in. x 13 ft. 6 in.
  • Hokusai. The Great Wave off Kanagawa, from the series Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji. 1823–29. 10 x 15 in.
  • Felix Gonzalez-Torres. Untitled. 1991.billboard dimensions vary with installation.
  • Polykleitos. Doryphoros. 450 BCE. height 84 in.
  • Parthenon. 447–438 BCE. 111 x 237 ft. at base.
  • Repetition and Rhythm Repetition = when we see the same thing over and over again. often implies monotonyRhythm = when the same or like elements are repeated over and over again in a composition, a certain visual rhythm will result.
  • Jacob Lawrence. Barber Shop. 1946. 21 1/8 x 29 3/8 in.
  • Laylah Ali. Untitled. 2000. 13 x 19 in.
  • Auguste Rodin. Gates of Hell with Adam and Eve. 1880–1917. 250 3/4 x 158 x 33 3/8 in.
  • Auguste Rodin. The Three Shades. 1881–86, posthumous cast authorized by Musée Rodin, 1980. 75 1/2 x 75 1/2 x 42 in.
  • Unity and VarietyUnity = An ordering of all elements in a work of art or literature so that each contributes to a unified aesthetic effect. Variety = The quality or condition of being various or varied; diversity.
  • James Lavadour. The Seven Valleys and the Five Valleys. 1988. 54 x 96 in.
  • Louise Lawler. Pollock and Tureen. 1984. 28 x 39 in.
  • Las Vegas, Nevada.