Journalism Without Journalists


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Slideshow for a series of talks/seminars in 2009 on the power shift in journalism from journalists to employers and audiences. Working paper, co-authored with Leopoldina Fortunati, available at:

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  • INSTITUTIONS: distance journalist/audienceNew Guardian offices in London<number>
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  • New Nytimes building
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  • Cnn: windows on the INSIDE <number>
  • Doesn’t mean they’re not trying: Helsingin SanomaPOINT: with each technological advance, journalists have turned INSIDE, into themselves, more: shift from breaking news to “explanation”, and the shrinking soundbite? NOT for the journalist!<number>
  • The typical MULTIMEDIA newsroom: Daily Telegraph LONDON UKResearch shows: people are stressed out, burn out, Carpal Tunnel SyndromeWhat happens on the inside: bureaucratization of newsworkVideo: Daily Telegraph and The Sunday Telegraphin the U.K. will cut 40 editorial employeesand freeze pay for others.(The Independent (London), Dec. 12, 2001).The Sydney Morning Herald: Daily Telegraph outsources production to AustraliaJanuary 10th, 2009UK broadsheet the Daily Telegraph has outsourced some of its production work to Pagemasters, a company based in Rhodes, western Sydney.The company, owned by news agency Australian Associated Press, will copy edit and layout raw copy for the Telegraph’s travel, motoring and money pages as well as parts of The Sunday Telegraph. The move is intended to “save on night and overtime penalties for workers in Britain and get more expensive staff off its books”, writes the Herald. by Roy Greenslade Thursday 18 September 2008 10.47 BST A Telegraph journalist writes...I received this email from a person whose identity I know. He/she is a Daily Telegraph journalist, but I have a feeling it could have come from the newsroom of many titles, whether national or regional. I thought it deserved a wide audience because it says a great deal about the new culture within newspapers.I have amended it only very slightly in order to preserve the person's anonymity. I do not necessarily agree with the writer but I am certain that many of you will be nodding throughout. I will reply to it, hopefully tomorrow...I was discussing with one of your colleagues an issue arising from, but not directly related to, events here at the Telegraph. It was about the likely future shape of a career in journalism. This is something I've seen touched on, but not directly discussed in your blog, and it's a subject about which I find myself increasingly pessimistic.I note that you've always said that society needs journalists, but it is looking increasingly unwilling to pay for them. I can see, from here, that national newspapers are beginning to head in the direction that local papers went 20 years ago, demanding levels of commitment - in hours and workload - that are unsustainable in conjunction with a normal family life.In return, they offer salaries too low to support a family, especially in London. Just as local journalists had to head for the nationals or get a job in PR by the time they reached their 30s, I fear that in the next five to 10 years it will be very hard for any grown-up to sustain a career in journalism at all, unless they have a private income or a particular sense of vocation or ambition. Very interesting to read this, less than two hours after Telegraph Assistant Editor Justin Williams posted this on his blog: :\"In the integrated newsroom, there are reporters and desk editors now starting at 6am who should, if they took their “shift” literally, would leave the building at 2pm. But a lot of them are still there at 5pm with one or two masochistic souls choosing to see it out to early evening. Im not advocating the sudden adoption of 14-hour days but it is telling that the subs continue to work their shifted eight-hour days come hell or high water when the world around them operates on a completely different pattern.\"Commenter:This decline in journalism (and editorial photography) as a viable career started well before the world wide web. The journalist quoted above mentions local newspapers and, on magazines, the rot had set in 13 years ago.Rather like ITV, by the 1970's, things had become ridiculous in terms of the way a powerful minority of highly-paid workers were able to shut-down the industry on a whim. As a result, the pendulum then swung way too far in the opposite direction, leaving no one with any protection and we have been in that position ever since.Is journalism destined to become like the acting profession: a few highly paid 'stars' while nearly everyone else signs on the dole and contributes for pennies in their spare time?The TV industry is the same, to the extent that some production companies seem to think that the minimum wage doesn't apply to them. Oh yeah it's 'work experience' isn't it?Maybe the new economic realities will bring change?
  • December 6 2007, News.Co.AuAS Fairfax Media staff took in the surroundings yesterday at their new offices in inner-Sydney Pyrmont, they had an uneasy feeling they were being watched.The floor-to-ceiling panels, installed overnight, appeared to be more than just artful lines topped with crazy lettering to mark each section of the office. But it was hard to make out the image.Eventually, an artist cracked the code. The giant glass panels featured a photograph of News Corporation chairman and chief executive Rupert Murdoch – Fairfax's arch rival and publisher of The Australian.The discovery was not made until after a grand tour of the new offices – to house The Sydney Morning Herald, The Australian Financial Review and The Sun-Herald – by the chairman of the board, Ron Walker, CEO David Kirk and the rest of the board yesterday morning.Staff say there are some 50 panels across three floors and management were last night ripping them down before the glue dried. Some staff members were souveniring the panels.One theory has it that the designer, looking for images of the media, picked one of Mr Murdoch believing him to be the owner of Fairfax Media.The Australian contacted SMH editor Alan Oakley last night, but he did not return calls. However, a Fairfax spokesman, Bruce Wolpe, confirmed the image was, indeed, of Mr Murdoch.\"His image is gazing fondly on the newsroom of today, which he has talked about in such rapturous terms and a vote is being taken now as to whether it's the best place for him or whether we should find another location,\" he said.Mr Wolpe claimed it was not a mistake but the result of a design idea to honour Australian business leaders.\"It's a business motif, that's why it went up in the business section,\" he said. A picture of the late Kerry Packer is also featured on at least one pillar.Last month, the Herald was produced for the first time from the new building. To mark the occasion, the Herald published a cheeky editorial headed \"Dear Mr Rupert Murdoch\".\"We note your remarks in relation to the shape of journalism to come... You are most welcome to come and view what your newspaper, The Australian, called \"the newsroom of tomorrow\"; it is here today at the Herald.\" <number>
  • Media work = Global Production Networks<number>
  • GPN largely facilitated through ICT networks (map of Internet connections)
  • OUTSOURCING: journalism
  • TECHNOLOGY: remote control journalism<number><number>
  • Significance of private/professional networks for finding, securing and maintaining employment in the media production industries<number>
  • FIRST of 2 KEY ideas that co-determine (the future of) Media Work: Convergence CultureMeaning: top down (multimedia, cross-media integration) and bottom-up (consumer as producer/co-creator of content and mediated experience)This perhaps offers a more comprehensive and hopeful outlook for Media Work
  • audience filmmaking<number>
  • Crossmedia storytelling<number>
  • Transmedia storytelling<number>
  • A CONTINUUM OF COCREATION:4. Discussion Forum Online: O Globo (Brasil)
  • A CONTINUUM OF COCREATION:6. Producer/Consumer Newsgathering & Publication: YO PERIODISTA (EL PAIS), UREPORT (FOX)
  • TV INDUSTRYwriters strike… in the context of: REALITY TV & UGC
  • USA figures; I can confirm same is happening in US (Newsguild survey), UK (Skillset, NUJ) and The Netherlands, and Australia (Fairfax workplace survey)<number>
  • TMG: vrijdag 14 november 2008 UPDATE De Telegraaf Media Groep (TMG) gaat harder saneren dan tot dusver bekend. Er verdwijnen geen 425 maar bijna 500 voltijdbanen.MGL: donderdag 24 januari 2008. Bij Media Groep Limburg (MGL) gaan in totaal 78 banen verloren door de integratie met de dagbladen van Wegener.07-11-2008 — NRC Handelsblad, Volkskrant en Trouw moeten bezuinigen door tegenvallende advertentie-inkomsten en stijgende kosten. Volgens Bert Groenewegen, bestuursvoorzitter van PCM Uitgevers worden gedwongen ontslagen niet uitgesloten.06-11-2008 — Uitgeversconcern Wolters Kluwer gaat reorganisatieplannen doorvoeren nu ook het derde kwartaal geen financiële verlichting heeft gebracht. Er zullen ruim 900 banen verdwijnen02-10-2008 — Bij de Geassocieerde Pers Diensten (GPD) moet opnieuw een miljoen euro bezuinigd worden. Dat heeft directeur/hoofdredacteur Marcel van Lingen laten weten. Of hierbij ontslagen gaan vallen is onduidelijk.17-06-2008 — Het Financieele Dagblad (FD) meldt dat uitgeverij Wegener honderden medewerkers moet ontslaan. Een reorganisatieplan met dergelijke gevolgen zou zijn voorbereid, zegt Jos van Rijsingen, voorzitter van de centrale ondernemingsraad. Volgens Van Rijsingen rept het plan, dat “nog niet officieel bij ons is ingediend”, over mogelijk 400 ontslagenVNU Media kondigt reorganisatie aanwoensdag 20 mei 2009Enigszins overvleugeld door het massaontslag bij het AD is het nieuws dat ook uitgeverij VNU Media gaat reorganiseren. Dat hebben medewerkers gisteren te horen gekregen, meldt Adformatie. Het bedrijf heeft last van de huidige economische terggang. Het exacte aantal ontslagen laat topman Erik Hoekstra in het midden, maar betrokkenen spreken van minstens dertig banen. De reorganisatie zou zich richten op samenvoeging van de print- en salesorganisatie van Intermediair. Ook op de redactie van Intermediair zou worden bezuinigd, maar exacte cijfers zijn niet bekend.Personele aardverschuiving omroepenwoensdag 20 mei 2009Nieuwe en bestaande omroepen zetten in op actualiteitenrubrieken op televisie. Dat wordt dringen. ‘De verschuivingen zullen onvermijdelijk personele gevolgen hebben’, aldus directeur tv-programmering Gerard Timmer van NPO.Nederlandse Publieke Omroep<number>
  • Atypical work<number>
  • Fairfax workplace surveyTHE MEDIA ALLIANCE Fairfax Media ARTISTS, DIGITAL PRODUCERS, EDITORIAL ASSISTANTS, PHOTOGRAPHERS, REPORTERS, SUB-EDITORS Monday, May 26, 2008 Workplace survey results A disturbing picture of overwork with little compensation has emerged at Fairfax Media’s metropolitan newspapers and associated websites, according to results of the 2008 workplace survey. The questionnaire, completed by 441 editorial staff last month, is the basis of our log of claims, on page 4 of this document. Thanks to all who participated in the survey. Starting next week, meetings will be held across all Fairfax mastheads under the metropolitan newspapers collective agreement to endorse the log of claims. It’s important that you come along to have your say. <number>
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  • FANS: leave me alone but acknowledge what I do<number>
  • Buy Media Work! Get the TSHIRT!
  • Journalism Without Journalists

    1. Journalism Without Journalists A Talk By Mark Deuze Indiana University & Leiden University Summer 2009 follow
    2. 1. Journalism as Profession 2. The New Newsroom 3. Changing Organization of Newswork 4. Convergence Culture 5. Precarity 6. The Future of Journalism (Without Journalists)
    3. 1. Journalism as Profession 2. The New Newsroom 3. Changing Organization of Newswork 4. Convergence Culture 5. Precarity 6. The Future of Journalism (Without Journalists)
    4. The Price of Professional Distance
    5. The Integrated Newsroom as Perfect Prison
    6. Journalism as a Global Production Network
    7. Remote Control Journalism
    8. Backpack Reporters
    9. Project Ecologies in Newswork
    10. The People Formerly Known As The Audience
    11. Crossmedia Storytelling
    12. Transmedia Storytelling
    13. A Continuum of Co-Creation
    14. The Consumer as Colleague (and… Competitor)
    15. The People Formerly Known As The Employers
    16. Precarity in Media Work
    17. Careers: “Atypical” Work
    18. The Living Dead versus You
    19. Step #1: Get The Gear
    20. Step #2: Get The Software
    21. Step #3: Get Into The Community
    22. Step #4: Stay A Fan (Of Journalism)