Transcendentalism

9,415 views

Published on

Intro to transcendentalism

Published in: Education, Spiritual
0 Comments
10 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
9,415
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3,308
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
319
Comments
0
Likes
10
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • Transcendentalism

    1. 1. TRANSCENDENTALISMRalph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau
    2. 2. TRANSCENDENTALISM
    3. 3. TRANSCENDENTALISM• Transcend - (Verb) 1. To rise above or go beyond; overpass; exceed. 2. to be above and independent
    4. 4. TRANSCENDENTALISM• Transcend - (Verb) 1. To rise above or go beyond; overpass; exceed. 2. to be above and independent• Transcendentalism - A literary and philosophical movement asserting the existence of an ideal spiritual reality that transcends the scientific and is knowledgable through intuition.
    5. 5. TRANSCENDENTALISM AND THE NEW ENGLAND RENAISSANCE
    6. 6. TRANSCENDENTALISM AND THE NEW ENGLAND RENAISSANCE• Inthe 1830s, a group of American thinkers in New England, led by Ralph Waldo Emerson began to argue that Americans needed to free themselves from European thought.
    7. 7. TRANSCENDENTALISM AND THE NEW ENGLAND RENAISSANCE• Inthe 1830s, a group of American thinkers in New England, led by Ralph Waldo Emerson began to argue that Americans needed to free themselves from European thought.• Emerson, in an 1837 speech at Harvard, argued not only for a new American culture, but also for a rebirth in intellectual and artistic life.
    8. 8. TRANSCENDENTALISM AND THE NEW ENGLAND RENAISSANCE• Inthe 1830s, a group of American thinkers in New England, led by Ralph Waldo Emerson began to argue that Americans needed to free themselves from European thought.• Emerson, in an 1837 speech at Harvard, argued not only for a new American culture, but also for a rebirth in intellectual and artistic life.• Emerson and his friends and fellow thinkers, formed the Transcendental Club to try and establish these new ideals. The club’s thinking extended beyond it’s members, however.
    9. 9. MAJOR MOVEMENTS
    10. 10. MAJOR MOVEMENTS• 1830s - Establishment of the movement
    11. 11. MAJOR MOVEMENTS• 1830s - Establishment of the movement• 1840s - Social experiments, such as Henry David Thoreau’s Walden
    12. 12. MAJOR MOVEMENTS• 1830s - Establishment of the movement• 1840s - Social experiments, such as Henry David Thoreau’s Walden• 1850s - Critique of American slavery
    13. 13. FOUR MAIN PRINCIPLES
    14. 14. FOUR MAIN PRINCIPLES1. The individual is the spiritual center of the universe
    15. 15. FOUR MAIN PRINCIPLES1. The individual is the spiritual center of the universe - People can find clues to nature and the universe by looking within
    16. 16. FOUR MAIN PRINCIPLES1. The individual is the spiritual center of the universe - People can find clues to nature and the universe by looking within2. The structure of the universe duplicates the structure of the self
    17. 17. FOUR MAIN PRINCIPLES1. The individual is the spiritual center of the universe - People can find clues to nature and the universe by looking within2. The structure of the universe duplicates the structure of the self - Humans experience the universe through their own words and experiences
    18. 18. FOUR MAIN PRINCIPLES1. The individual is the spiritual center of the universe - People can find clues to nature and the universe by looking within2. The structure of the universe duplicates the structure of the self - Humans experience the universe through their own words and experiences3. Life is a living mystery and nature is symbolic
    19. 19. FOUR MAIN PRINCIPLES1. The individual is the spiritual center of the universe - People can find clues to nature and the universe by looking within2. The structure of the universe duplicates the structure of the self - Humans experience the universe through their own words and experiences3. Life is a living mystery and nature is symbolic - Nature helps one understand life
    20. 20. FOUR MAIN PRINCIPLES1. The individual is the spiritual center of the universe - People can find clues to nature and the universe by looking within2. The structure of the universe duplicates the structure of the self - Humans experience the universe through their own words and experiences3. Life is a living mystery and nature is symbolic - Nature helps one understand life4. Goodness and happiness rely on knowledge of the self, which can be achieved two ways:
    21. 21. FOUR MAIN PRINCIPLES1. The individual is the spiritual center of the universe - People can find clues to nature and the universe by looking within2. The structure of the universe duplicates the structure of the self - Humans experience the universe through their own words and experiences3. Life is a living mystery and nature is symbolic - Nature helps one understand life4. Goodness and happiness rely on knowledge of the self, which can be achieved two ways: a. self-transcending tendencies in which the individual embraces the world and becomes one with it
    22. 22. FOUR MAIN PRINCIPLES1. The individual is the spiritual center of the universe - People can find clues to nature and the universe by looking within2. The structure of the universe duplicates the structure of the self - Humans experience the universe through their own words and experiences3. Life is a living mystery and nature is symbolic - Nature helps one understand life4. Goodness and happiness rely on knowledge of the self, which can be achieved two ways: a. self-transcending tendencies in which the individual embraces the world and becomes one with it b. self-asserting tendencies in which the individual breaks free and is unique in the world
    23. 23. TRANSCENDENTALISM AND CONTRADICTIONS
    24. 24. TRANSCENDENTALISM AND CONTRADICTIONS• Transcendentalistswere okay with contradictions. It was absolutely fine to adjust ideas in order to come closer to the truth.
    25. 25. TRANSCENDENTALISM AND CONTRADICTIONS• Transcendentalistswere okay with contradictions. It was absolutely fine to adjust ideas in order to come closer to the truth.• Fewabsolutes existed for them, except for the belief of unity in God and the world
    26. 26. THE “OVER-SOUL”
    27. 27. THE “OVER-SOUL”• Transcendentalists believed all forms of beings--God, nature, and humanity--are spiritually united through a universal soul
    28. 28. THE “OVER-SOUL”• Transcendentalists believed all forms of beings--God, nature, and humanity--are spiritually united through a universal soul• They believed that if they studied nature, they’d understand God and self better

    ×