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Oxycontin teachback

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Transcript

  • 1. Oxycontin Mario De Jesus HE-285-OL
  • 2. 411 • Actual name –Oxycodone • Opiod (pain reliever) and muscle relaxer • Street names include- Oxy, Oxycotton, O.C. Roxicodone • Developed in Germany in early 1900’s • Consumed through- chewing, swallowing, snorting, injected, Suppositories
  • 3. Effects of abuse • (Mild) Euphoria, dizziness, nausea, weakness, impaired coordination • (Severe) Breathing problems, problems with blood pressure and pulse, addiction, risk of death • Via injection- infections and disease can be acquired through contaminated needles ( eg. HIV, Hepatitis)
  • 4. Prescription Conflict • If used as prescribed, can be effective • When abused can become addictive and cause harm • Those who are prescribed turn around and distribute (sell or abuse on their own) • Prescriptions doses given as small as possible • There have been doctors caught illegally selling the drug to patients
  • 5. “In 2010, approximately 16 million Americans reported using a prescription drug for nonmedical reasons in the past year” -National Institute on Drug Abuse, October 2011
  • 6. Mixing w/ other drugs • W/ other pain killers- can cause Opiod dependence which can lead to overdosing • Slows down the Central Nervous systemnegative effect on the brain • Slowed heart rate and breathing- can cause self induced coma • Mixing w/ alcohol intensifies chance of overdose
  • 7. Detox • Withdrawing is difficult and takes time • Severe withdrawal symptoms cause many to go back to Oxy • Medical centers provide detox programs • Symptoms include-muscle aches, insomnia, vomiting, anxiety, agitation etc… • Professionals advise to not try to withdraw alone
  • 8. What do you think? Although a prescribed pain killer Oxycontin is frequently abused, Should it continue to be prescribed? If so what changes can be done to improve the overdose rate?
  • 9. References • NIDA. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/commonlyabused-drugs/commonly-abused-prescription-drugschart • Skarnulus, L. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/painmanagement/features/oxycontin-pain-relief-vs-abuse • Davis, C. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.rxlist.com/oxycontin-side-effects-drugcenter.htm