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Humanities Research with the Web of Data

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Presentation at the Open University Digital Humanities Colloquium - 08/07/2011 #dighumOU

Presentation at the Open University Digital Humanities Colloquium - 08/07/2011 #dighumOU

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  • 1. Humanities Research with the Web of Data
    Mathieu d’Aquin - @mdaquin
    Knowledge Media Institute, the Open University
  • 2. Data…
    … are at the center of research, especially when collaboration is involved.
    … traditionally involve heavy, IT-centric, monolithic processes and mechanisms
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/eiriks/3359730744/
  • 3. Challenges
    How do we expose these data in such way that they make all the potential uses of it feasible?
    How do we expose these data so that they can connect to other collections, open information resources, etc?
    How do we benefit from other information resources to enrich these data, derive new research questions, connect them to aspects not originally thought about?
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/albinoflea/414906977/
  • 4. Linked Data (tada!)
    http://lucero-project.info/lb/what-is-linked-data/
    As set of principles and technologies for a Web of Data
    Putting the “raw” data online in a standard representation (RDF)
    Make the data Web addressable (URIs)
    Link to other Data
    http://linkeddata.org
  • 5. data.open.ac.uk
  • 6. Examples
    http://data.open.ac.uk/openlearn/aa100_1
    relatesToCourse
    http://data.open.ac.uk/course/aa100
    hasCourseware
    http://data.open.ac.uk/library/432284
    http://data.open.ac.uk/course/aa100
    isAvailableIn
    http://sws.geonames.org/2411586/ (Gibraltar)
     Addressable and linkable data objects on the Web
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/fynes/155086399/
  • 7. http://data.open.ac.uk/applications
  • 8. Linked data…and humanities
    Still early stage, but
    Can there be a Web of Data for humanities?
    What are the implications? How can be we benefit?
    Is this going to happen naturally, or should we make a particular effort
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/janrito/4443369049/
  • 9. Example: Reading Experience Database
    http://www.open.ac.uk/Arts/reading/
    website
    Database
    Data collection
    Open University researchers
    Rest of the world
  • 10. Event
    Location
    locatedIn
    subClassOf
    subClassOf
    Experience
    City
    Country
    date: Date
    readerInvolved
    originCountry
    textInvolved
    occupation
    givesBackgroundTo
    Person
    religion
    gender
    creator/editor
    LinkedEvent Ontology
    Document
    CITO Citation Ontology
    Dublin Core
    title: String
    description: String
    published: Date
    providesExcerptFor
    FOAF
    DBPedia
    http://lucero-project.info/lb/2011/03/connecting-the-reading-experience-database-to-the-web-of-data/
  • 11. Examples
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/24801682@N08/5048079859/
    http://data.open.ac.uk/red/person/austen-jane
    Jane Austen
    http://data.open.ac.uk/red/experience/10357
    Experience: Jane Austen reading “History of Great Britain”
    http://data.open.ac.uk/red/document/1848957479
    “History of Great Britain”
    http://data.open.ac.uk/red/document/1357827945-59
    “Jane Austen’s letters” (where her reading of “History of Great Britain” is described)
    http://data.open.ac.uk/red/person/austen-jane
    sameAs
    http://dbpedia.org/resource/Jane_Austen
    These Web addresses refer to “data objects” connected through Web links
  • 12. Browsing Linked Data
  • 13. http://lucero-project.info/lb/2011/06/what-to-ask-linked-data/
  • 14. External links
  • 15. http://linksailor.com
  • 16.
  • 17. Conclusion
    The benefits of exposing your research data as linked data is undeniable: allow for reuse and linking!
    Still, requires efforts
    The potential of linking to other data is very promising
    Connect things that don’t need to aggregated any more. They are in the same data space: the Web…
    With which come all the issues around provenance, quality, trust, etc.
    This represents a serious conceptual shift in the way we manage and use academic/research/educational data
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/markchapmanphoto/5139429152/
  • 18. Think about…
    data.open.ac.uk
    data.gov.uk
    data.ordnancesurvey.co.uk
    data.archiveshub.ac.uk
    www.bl.uk/bibliographic/datafree.html
    data.bnf.fr
    semanticweb.cs.vu.nl/lod/am/

  • 19. Thank You!
    More at:
    http://lucero-project.info
    @mdaquin

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