Bizarre Voyages Travel Agency
Stephanie de Souza
Come to the Carpathian
Enjoy Romania and it’s wonderful
Romania is a country located in
southeast Europe. It is bordered by
the gorgeous Black Sea. Romania has
a rich historic background filled with
invasions, wars, and the various
influences that followed suite. We
have divided Romania’s history into 3
time periods, located on the right:
The first nomadic inhabitants or Romania made incredibly
details and beautiful pottery.
The area was first settled by the Dacians, a Thracian tribe.
The Dacians were invaded by Visigoths, Magyars, Huns,
Slavs, and Goths across the centuries.
In 106 A.D. Romans conquered Romania, but abandoned it
less than 200 years later.
In Medieval Times, Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza united the
Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia into Romania.
Romania was particularly influenced by the French
government, culture, and general way of life.
The marks left by previous conquerors became very
apparent when Romania became independent.
Romania joined WWI in 1914, and allied with the USA.
After the war, it regained its’ territories of
Transylvania, Bessarabia, and Bukovina.
The fascist Iron Guard movement
manipulated the Romanian people into
creating a royal dictatorship in 1938.
Romania entered WWII in June 1941
allied to the Axis Powers.
The National Salvation Front elected Ion
Iliescu to bring democracy back to Romania,
but the idea was not easily accepted.
In 1991, a new democratic constitution
was written, the Party of Social Democracy
of Romania formed, and peace returned to
the great country of Romania.
• Some of Europe’s best-preserved • 18 traditional villages
medieval towns: Brasov, Sibiu, Sighisoara • The Museum of Glass-Painted Icons in
• Bran Castle (also known as Dracula’s Sibiel, the largest of its kind in Europe
Castle), built in 1377 • The city of Hunedoara with its 14th-
• Rasnov Fortress – built in the 1300s by the century Gothic Corvinesti Castle
Teutonic Knights as protection against the • The Dacian Fortresses at Sarmisegetuza
Tartars and the Turks (UNESCO World Heritage List)
• The Saxon fortified churches at Biertan, • The Moti Land (Tara Motilor) on the Ariesi
Calnic, Harman, Prejmer Darjiu, Saschiz, Valley - moţi is the name given to the
Valea Viilor, and Viscri - all designated by inhabitants of this region. They live in
UNESCO as World Heritage sites scattered villages at altitudes up to about
• Transylvania’s finest art museum – the 4,265 feet and have preserved their
Brukenthal Palace in Sibiu century-old traditions and lifestyle.
• Marginimea Sibiului, an area northwest of • The Apuseni Mountains with Scarisoara
Sibiu home to more than and Focul Viu glaciers, Chiscau Bear’s Cave
and Vartop Cave as well as other 400
• Borzeşti Church • Stavropoleos Church
• Romanian spirituality is greatly influenced by its • Romanian Orthodox monasteries and churches exist
strong connections with the Eastern throughout Romania but, traditionally, few are
Christian world. Romanians have thus obtained a constructed on a monumental scale. A great
unique sense of identity and two clichés can simply number of wooden churches are still intact in
express this: An island of Latinity in a Slavic the Carpathian Mountains villages, but by far the
sea and The only Orthodox Christian Latin people. most impressive are the Wooden Churches of
There are only a few Romanian Catholics (of both Maramureş which push wood building technique to
the Roman and Greek rites) and a small number of its limits. Byzantine influences can be found in most
Protestants, the vast majority of Romanians Romanian church buildings but domestic styles
being Romanian Orthodox (over 90%). Despite the have evolved in different periods of time and in
diminishing importance of the church in recent different regions. In Northern Moldavia a particular
generations, it remains the most trusted institution style was used in the construction of the
in Romania. Church attendance is high in rural monasteries, of which the most important are the
communities and among the elders in the cities. painted monasteries of Bucovina - UNESCO World
Also, despite accusations of collaborationism with Heritage Sites, such as those
thecommunist regime, which continue to plague ofMoldoviţa, Putna, Suceviţa, and Voroneţ.
the Romanian Church, outstanding personalities In Wallachia Curtea de Argeş Cathedral is built in
have kept their verticality and became widely a Byzantine style with Moorish influences, and a
respected like the priest Dumitru Stăniloae who is great number of churches show Greek influences,
considered one of the greatest world theologians in especially those built in the 18th century, such
the recent period. as Stavropoleos Church in central Bucharest.
Romania also evolved the
distincive Brâncovenesc style: the monasteries
of Snagov and of Sâmbăta de Sus in Transylvania are
Architecture and Engineering
• The Székely and the Saxons living in Transylvania and made many important
architectural contributions to the region, including numerous churches,
fortifications, and town centers. Also, they figure in some landmarks in the
development of ethnic Romanian culture: the first letter written in Romanian was
addressed to the mayor of Kronstadt (Romanian Braşov), and the first book printed
in Romanian was in Hermannstadt (RomanianSibiu.
• Romania was the cradle of Yiddish theatre, and to this day Bucharest is home to
a State Jewish Theater, despite the small number of Jewsremaining in the country.
• Peleş Castle
• In the technical domain one can note the spectacular achievements in the field of aviation made by Traian Vuia, Aurel
Vlaicu, Aurel Persu, and Henri Coandă and also the works of George Constantinescu in the fields of engineering and sonics.
Also many achievements have been made in the architectural and engineering domain, thus Bucharest became known
as the small Paris, the longest bridge in Europe was constructed by Anghel Saligny linking Dobruja with the rest of Romania,
the Peleş Castle became one of the most beautiful and modern castles in Europe, etc.