Laws and slavery

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Laws and slavery

  1. 1. Laws and Slavery<br />
  2. 2. Rules vs. Laws<br />Rule: something that says how to act or behave<br />Laws: a group of rules that are controlled by authority (government) <br />Can you break a rule? Can you break the law? What is the difference? <br />
  3. 3. Legal vs. Illegal<br />Legal and illegal are 2 words used when talking about laws. <br />Legal: the law says it is okay<br />Illegal: the laws says it is not okay<br />What happens if you do something illegal? <br />
  4. 4. In the beginning…<br />1619: The first slaves arrived in Virginia from Africa. <br />168 YEARS later in 1787, slavery was made illegal in the Northwest Territory. <br />This territory made up only 5 states: Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. <br />
  5. 5. Federal Fugitive Slave Law<br />1793: fugitive slave laws are passed. <br />If slaves escape, they are returned back to their slave owners even if they had crossed into a different (or free) state. <br />
  6. 6. A poster warning “colored” people in Boston, Massachusetts. <br />The poster tells them to be careful because there are “kidnappers” and “slave catchers” collecting them for money. <br />
  7. 7. Posters for Runaway Slaves<br />
  8. 8. In 1808, Congress bans slaves coming in (imported) from Africa. <br />In 1820, the Missouri Compromise is passed. <br />This law made slavery illegal north of the southern boundary of Missouri. <br />
  9. 9. Famous African-Americans<br />In 1822, a man named Denmark Vesey planned a slave revolt. <br />Vesey was a carpenter who had bought his freedom. <br />He planned for a group of slaves to fight and escape from Charleston, South Carolina. <br />His plan was discovered and he was hanged along with 34 other slaves. <br />
  10. 10. Nat Turner was an African-American slave and preacher. <br />In 1831, he leads the most important fight for slaves in Virginia. <br />The U.S. military quiets the fight and Nat Turner is hanged. <br />Also, Virginia has much stronger laws for slaves.<br />
  11. 11. More laws on slavery…<br />The Compromise of 1850: California becomes a free state and the slave trade is made illegal in Washington D.C.<br />The Dred Scott Case in 1857 says that Congress cannot ban slavery in states and that slaves are not citizens. <br />
  12. 12. In 1861, the Confederacy starts and separates from the rest of the United States. The Civil War also begins. <br />In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln gives the Emancipation Proclamation that all slaves are freed in Confederate states. <br />
  13. 13. In 1865, the Civil War ends. <br />President Lincoln is assassinated. <br />The 13th Amendment abolishes slavery in the U.S.<br />On June 19th1865, slavery officially ends as 250,000 slaves in Texas get the news about the 13th Amendment. <br />

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