Mary m7 leadership


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Mary m7 leadership

  1. 1. Leadership&Management<br />Mary Curran MN,RN<br />8/2011<br />
  2. 2. Leadership and Management<br />Leadership<br />The art of getting others to want to do something you are convinced should be done<br />Management<br />Handles the day-to-day operations to achieve a desired outcome<br />
  3. 3. Leadership<br />Comes 1st<br />Is doing the right thing<br />Establish vision & goals for an organization & ability to execute them<br />Uses role modeling to influence others<br />
  4. 4. Management <br />Comes 2nd<br /> Is doing things right<br />Plan, organize, motivate, manage personnel & material resources of an organization <br />Coordinates & controls the work of others<br />
  5. 5. Shared Skills<br />Role model<br />Educator<br />Advocate<br />Decision maker<br />Planner<br />Counselor<br />Change agent <br />
  6. 6. Characteristics of an Effective Manager <br />Desire & comfort with role<br />Trust own judgment<br />Stress management skills<br />Motivator<br />Handle different situations <br />Competent decision making<br />Channel others’ feelings & hostility <br />
  7. 7. Characteristics of an Effective Leader<br />Self confidence<br />Self awareness<br />Strong personal values<br />Values clarification<br />Advocacy<br />Accountability <br />
  8. 8. Types of Leaders <br />Formal leader<br />Office/nameplate<br />Informal leader<br />Without an office<br />Respected for personal wisdom & willingness to share it<br />Role model excellent leadership daily<br />Everyone goes to this person for expert assistance <br />
  9. 9. Hx of Nursing Leadership<br />Florence Nightingale<br />Lillian Wald<br />Mary Brewster<br />Jean Watson <br />
  10. 10. Different Types of Leadership Styles<br />The point of gaining some understanding into the different types of leadership styles is to know one when you see one and to know how to work most effectively with that person. <br />
  11. 11. Leadership Styles<br />Autocratic<br />Bureaucratic <br />Democratic<br />Laissez-Faire<br />Multicratic or participative <br />
  12. 12. Autocratic<br />Self directed<br />Retains all authority and responsibility<br />Makes decisions independently<br />Concerned primarily with tasks and goal accomplishment<br />Assigns clearly defined tasks<br />Establishes one-way communication with the group<br />Little or no input from others<br />Power struggle<br />Excels in times of crisis (cardiac arrest) and in situation of disorder (natural disasters)<br />
  13. 13. Bureaucratic<br />Policy minded<br />Rely on established protocols for decision making<br />This style is help for new graduates<br />
  14. 14. Democratic<br />People-centered approach <br />Allows employees more control and participation in the decision-making process<br />Gives suggestions & is more willing to share information<br />Emphasis is on team building and collaboration<br />Atmosphere of mutual respect & shared responsibility <br />Works best with mature employees who work well together as groups<br />Pleasant person to work with<br />
  15. 15. Laissez-Faire<br />“Free-run style” or permissive leadership<br />Relinquishes control completely<br />Chooses to avoid responsibility by delegating all decision making to the group<br />Wants everyone to feel free to “do their own thing”<br />May work well with highly motivated professional groups<br />Those that need structure may not enjoy working under this leadership style <br />
  16. 16. Multicratic or participative <br />Between autocratic & democratic<br />Active role in decision making <br />Empowering environment<br />Shared information<br />Encourages social & self esteem levels of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs <br />Caring <br />
  17. 17. Leadership and Management<br />Situational Leadership<br />Takes into account the style of the leader, the maturity of the group, and the situation at hand to form a comprehensive approach <br />Four typical styles<br />Directing<br />Provides specific instructions and supervises the accomplishment of tasks<br />New employees, employees with repeated performance problems, and crisis work situations<br />
  18. 18. Leadership and Management<br />Situational Leadership (continued)<br />Four typical styles (continued)<br />Supporting<br />Supports the efforts of others, facilitates their goal accomplishment, and shares responsibility for decision making<br />Values growth and not perfection, collaboration and not competition<br />Delegating<br />Gives responsibility for decision making and problem solving to mature staff who have demonstrated their competence<br />
  19. 19. Leadership and Management<br />Situational Leadership (continued)<br />Four typical styles (continued)<br />Coaching<br />Monitors the accomplishment of tasks while also explaining decisions, asking for feedback or suggestions, and recognizing good performance<br />Typically, leader and staff have have jointly developed a work plan.<br />
  20. 20. Leadership and Management<br />Team Leading<br />Assisting and guiding the nursing team in providing care for a select group of patients<br />Duties<br />Receive reports on assigned patients<br />Make assignments for team members<br />Make rounds and assess all assigned patients<br />Assist in administering medications and treatments<br />Confer with team members on priority patients<br />
  21. 21. Leadership and Management<br />Time Management<br />Using time to good advantage will be of great value.<br />Learn effective time management skills, and practice them frequently until they become fully developed.<br />These skills will help you manage not only at work but also in daily living.<br />
  22. 22. What type of leader are you?<br />
  23. 23. References <br />Anderson, Mary Ann (2005). Nursing Leadership, Management, & Professional Practice for the LPN/LVN: In Nursing School & Beyond 3rd Ed. Philadelphia: FA Davis<br />Rosdahl, C. B & Kowalski, M. T. (2003). Textbook of Basic Nursing 8th Ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.<br />