Irina Blomqvist


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Exposición en FORO NACIONAL DE INNOVACIÓN 2010, 30 de noviembre

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Irina Blomqvist

  1. 1. ’Cluster Development Activities i Fi l d’in Finland’ Workshop on Science and Technology, 30th November 2010, Quito Business Director, Irina Blomqvist Culminatum Innovation Ltd, Helsinki, Finland
  2. 2. Plenty of reasons to be proud! 1st: The best country in the world! (Newsweek 2010)1 :  The best country in the world! (Newsweek 2010) 1st: Competitive nation (IMD, Harvard) 2nd:  Innovations with commercial potential (MIT) 2nd:  World innovation index (Harvard) 2nd:  R&D expenditures of GDP 3.5%, 2/3 by the private sector (OECD) 1st:  Fraction of researchers in the total population (OECD) 5th:  High‐value creative jobs in the total economy  (Carnegie Mellon) (US #11) 2nd:  Most competitive IT industry (OECD) 1st:  Least corrupt (Transparency Intl.) 1st: Public education system (OECD)1st:  Public education system (OECD) 1‐3rd: Penetration of mobile and Internet 5 2 Million people – effectively networked:5,2 Million people – effectively networked: Finland is not a country, it is a Club
  3. 3. Harvard Business Review 03/2009: the world’s innovation hot spots
  4. 4. Culminatum Innovation Ltd. established 1995  to implement the Centre of Expertise Program
  5. 5. County and Cities 43 % Culminatum, independent development platform Shareholders of Culminatum Innovation Oy Ltd ou y d s 3 % Uusimaa Regional Council Helsinki, Vantaa, Espoo U i iti d 34%43% Universities and Research Institutions 34 % Science Parks and Companies 17 % Technopolis Ventures OyTechnopolis Ventures Oy Helsinki Business and Science Park Ltd Oy Helsinki Region Chamber of Commerce TeliaSonera Oyj Financial institutions 17%6% Financial institutions and others 6% Finnvera Oyj Foundation for Finnish Innovations
  6. 6. Centre of Expertise Program (CoE) 1994‐2006Centre of Expertise Program (CoE) 1994 2006
  7. 7. Idea of the CoE Program • To identify regional strengths, reinforce and regenerate regional expertise • Increase the number of competitive products, services, enterprises and  jobs based on the highest expertise • Create economic growth • Attract international investments & leading experts
  8. 8. Government’s catalytic basic funding 1999‐2006 Total project funding: 525 million euroseuros Basic funding: 52 million euros
  9. 9. C t Cl t PCompetence Cluster Program 2007-2013
  10. 10. Idea of the Competence ClusterIdea of the Competence Cluster The competence cluster is the network and cooperation  forum for the Centres of Expertise active within it.
  11. 11. 2007‐2013 Cluster Program has focus in Internationality in R&D and business activities B i h h f k l d i i iBoosting the growth of knowledge‐intensive companies Linking the CoE Programme closer to National Innovation policies New concept: Strenghtening of cooperation based on fields of expertise in  selected national Competence Clustersselected national Competence Clusters
  12. 12. Cluster Program’s national coordinationCluster Program s national coordination Joint strategyJo t st ategy
  13. 13. Networking academic and industrial players locally,  nationwide and internationally ROVANIEMI o18 Meur annually by MEE& municipalities 13 Cl t i 21 l l ffi OULU RAAHE 13 Clusters in 21 local offices o DIGIBUSINESS, Digital Content and Services Cluster o Environmental Technology Cluster o Food Development Cluster KOKKOLA VAASA KAJAANI KUOPIO o Forest Industry Future Cluster o Future Energy Technologies Cluster o HealthBio Cluster o Living Business Cluster SAVONLINNA MIKKELI JOENSUU JYVÄSKYLÄ SEINÄJOKI o Living Business Cluster o Intelligent Machines Cluster o Maritime Cluster o Future Materials Cluster PORI TURKU HELSINKI KOUVOLA HÄMEENLINNA LAHTI HYVINKÄÄ TAMPERE MIKKELI LAPPEENRANTA o Tourism and Experience Industry Cluster o Ubiquitous Computing Cluster o Health and Well‐being Cluster TURKU
  14. 14. What is a competence cluster? Quadruple Helix of companies, research organizations, public  What is a competence cluster? authorities and end‐users of services and products Each competence cluster is catalyzed by 4‐7 Centers of Expertise, promoting  innovation collaboration,  situated in different geographic areas and having  complementary expertise. l bCompetence cluster can be: o Industry‐driven (e.g. Forest Industry Future Cluster)  o Technology‐driven (e.g. Future Energy Technologies Cluster, Intelligent  Machines Cluster) o Application‐driven (e.g. DIGIBUSINESS, Ubiquitous Computing Cluster and Nanotechnology Cluster)and Nanotechnology Cluster)
  15. 15. Selection criteria for the CoE Q i li d bili f iQuantity, quality and usability of top expertise Relevance from the perspective of national objectives Regional and national networking Innovativeness Organisation Funding and regional commitmentFunding and regional commitment Connections to other regional development programmes
  16. 16. The well‐being of the whole Finnish society grows The international competiviveness improves The regional ecosystem develops The new knowledge based business grows The local industries renew by the added value of new know‐how Th i l‐ The companies grow: revenue, employees Activating the companies & other stakeholdersActivating the companies & other stakeholders ‐ Provide: Promotion, partners, project building ‐ Neutral contact and info point & gateway to Finnish expertise Knowing the ecosystem ‐ Recognizing the spearheads and needs ‐ Know: Academia, business sector, authorities, funding ‐ Utilise: Thematic microclusters, daily contacts
  17. 17. A tool for cross sector policy in Finland Employment policy Industrial policy Regional CoE policy Ed ti l Innovation policy Educational policy
  18. 18. New strategic choices Focus on the chosen Competence Clusters and their internationallyFocus on the chosen Competence Clusters and their internationally  high‐level Centres of Expertise The exploitation of excellence is most important, but more focus on  internationalisation and growth creating impact of the measuresinternationalisation and growth creating impact of the measures Alongside top research and technology, emphasis on business and  other necessary expertise to strengthen competitiveness of the  cluster To gather and intensify the use of regional resources as part of the  national innovation policyp y
  19. 19. Changes (2007‐2013) compared to previous model  Closer connection to the national innovation policy The role of the Ministry of Employment and the Economy and  Tekes (Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation) Parallel directions of different national initiatives (e.g. Strategic Centres for Science, Technology and Innovation) More specialisation between the Centres of Expertise: Cooperation  b h ll b h dbetween the regions will be strengthened Actions to exploitation of top expertise, growth and internationalisation Joint efforts to build critical mass for internationally more competitive  l tclusters 
  20. 20. Cluster evolution in Finland IN 1 COMPETENCE CLUSTER IN 9 COMPETENCE 1994‐2006 Local development 2007‐2009 National clusters OULU ROVANIEMI RAAHE KOKKOLA KAJAANI IN 9 COMPETENCE CLUSTERS 2010‐ Transnational clusters Strategic idea:  VAASA PO RI KOUVOLA HÄMEENLINNA LAHT I HYVINKÄÄ TAMPERE SAVONLINNA MIKKELI LAPPEENRANTA JOENSUU JYVÄSKYLÄ SEINÄJOKI KUOPIO Becoming an internationally acknowledged and  attractive innovation hub in strategically prioritized  areas Main impacts: TURKU HELSINKIMain impacts: I. Critical mass in world‐class experience II. Access to global value chains Targets:Targets: I. Establishing strategic partnerships II. Networking across disciplines and sectors
  21. 21. The national innovation strategy defines the innovation policydefines the innovation policy Parliament of FinlandParliament of Finland Ministry Ministry  Council of StateCouncil of State Ministry of Employment Ministry of Employment Research and  Innovation  y of Education y of Education Th Fi i h N ti l F d f of Employment  and the Economy of Employment  and the Economy The Finnish Funding Agency  for technology and Council UniversitiesUniversities The Finnish National Fund for  Research and Development  SHOKs Strategic Centres of Excellence for technology and  Innovation  The technical research  centre of Finland and other ELY‐Centres Economic Development,  Transport & Environment  ELY‐Centres Economic Development,  Transport & Environment The Finnish innovation environment  = Industry InvestmentIndustry Investment centre of Finland and other  research centres Industries & Enterprises = public‐private partnership OSKE Centre of  Expertise Program OSKE Centre of  Expertise ProgramSource: Antti Valle, Ministry of E&E
  22. 22. Finland’s innovation strategy ‐ Focal points  Participation and contribution Participation and contribution Mobility and  attractiveness Mobility and  attractiveness WORLD  WITHOUT Innovation communities  & hubs  Innovation communities  & hubs  Lead marketsLead markets WITHOUT BORDERS COMPETENCE BASE DEMAND  AND USER  ORIENTATION INNOVATIVE  INDIVIDUALS AND  COMMUNITIES BASE Individuals and  entrepreneurship Individuals and  entrepreneurship Co‐innovationCo‐innovation ORIENTATIONCOMMUNITIES SYSTEMIC  APPROACH Broad‐based innovationBroad‐based innovation Leadership & change  management Leadership & change  management
  23. 23. DIGIBUSINESS FinlandDIGIBUSINESS Finland Digital Content and Services Competence  Cluster Program: Games, Social Media, Animation, eLearning,  Audiovisual, Web Services, Entertainment,  Multilingual Communications,  Digital Marketing…Multilingual Communications, igital Marketing…
  24. 24. The DIGIBUSINESS Cluster  Is built on collaboration between five regions The strengths and focal points of the cluster regions g p g supplement each other, contributing to a strong national  entity G h ll h i l i lGathers all the national resources into one place 30.11.2010 Sivu: 24
  25. 25. Regional Focus Areas Sivu: 25
  26. 26. Four main focus areas Internationalisation Business competence and new business opportunitiesBusiness competence and new business opportunities Digital sector PR Events and networkingEvents and networking
  27. 27. E t A hEcosystem Approach
  28. 28. Facts and figures/DIGIBUSINESS Almost 10 000 companies in Finland have been identified as  DIGIBUSINESS companies Nearly 3000 companies have participated in cluster’s activities since January 2007 Basic funding for the cluster is 1,5ME in 2010 Project portfolio 46ME since January 2007 Around 100 projects running at the moment within the  cluster 30.11.2010 Sivu: 28
  29. 29. N e o g a m e s
  30. 30. Finnish Game Industry in a nutshell 1/2  N b f C i 60Number of Companies appr. 60 First Companies were established 1993 Year 2008 Finnish game industry employed 900 people in  Finland and appr. 250 people outside Finland in Game  Development Total turnover 2008 + 85 million €Total turnover 2008 + 85 million € Etunimi Sivu: 30
  31. 31. Neogames in general 2/2 N i f d d th h t tNeogames is funded through government support  (15%), membership fees (10%) and project income (75%) Neogames works in close co‐operation with Finnish national  government (Ministry of Education, Ministry of Employment and  the Economy) and government trade and innovation  organisations (Tekes, Finpro etc.)organisations (Tekes, Finpro etc.) Neogames also has co‐operation with Nordic Game and EGDF  (European Games Developers Federation) Etunimi Sivu: 31
  32. 32. S o m b i z  – Boosting European Social Media BusinessBoosting European Social Media Business
  33. 33. Social Media? Not just Facebook…Blogs, wikis, podcasts, social networks, content  communities, collaborative media productions, virtual  words, gaming communities, etc. Not just an “Internet thing”…Open innovation, open R&D, new  working cultures, open business… “Media by people for people in communities” (Scott Rafer)Media by people for people in communities  (Scott Rafer) Web 2.0: “Internet as a platform”, “harnessing collective  intelligence” (Tim O’Reilly)
  34. 34. Boosting social media business ecosystem Public financiers Development organisations g y VCs IndustriesR h i tit t Bi ICT l IP and teleoperators Universities Digimedia IndustriesResearch institutes Start-ups Public sector SMEs Software developers Media companies Big ICT-players Entrepreneurs g companies Schools Business consultants p Ad agencies Consumers Law firms consultants PR & communications
  35. 35. Growth CoachingGrowth Coaching
  36. 36. Selection process Closing Ceremony Alumn Meetings Ceremony Pool of Consultants Meetings
  37. 37. F I ti t E itFrom Innovation to Exit value Growth funding Exit: Stock Exchange listing, sale of company VC funding Growth funding rounds Growth: HR, funding InternationalisationBusiness idea VC funding Business angels Execution: processes, cash flow Networking Internationalisation Marketing: customers, products/services Business idea, plan, start-up Business incubator Growth coaching g , p Strategy time Growth coaching
  38. 38. European Digital think tank European Think Tank Network for Digital Content and Services Industries
  39. 39. Think tank members Cluster members: Barcelona Media ‐ Centre d'Innovació (Barcelona) Pôle de compétitivité CAP DIGITAL (Paris) Culminatum Innovation Ltd. / DIGIBUSINESS Finland (Founder) IIP/Create (Amsterdam) South East Media Network (Buckinghamshire, London area) Berlin Project Future (Berlin) FILAS (Rome)  Partners: Sandbox (Preston) University of Ulster (Ulster) University of Central Lancashire, UCLan (Preston) University of York (York)y ( ) Yorkshire Forward (Leeds) Sivu: 39
  40. 40. Mission The mission statement of the network is: The Think Tank network co‐operation will significantly help its  members to support their clients to grow and prosper on the  i t ti l di it l t t k tinternational digital content market. Etunimi Sivu: 40
  41. 41. Operations Information sharing Open innovation platformOpen innovation platform Funding activities Worldwide partneringp g Branding and communications for the network Sivu: 41
  42. 42. Theses for cluster management The theses are simple and based on experiences from the daily  hands on work with clusters: Thesis 1: Know the ecosystem Thesis 2: Recognise and respect the key players near you Thesis 3: Define the strategy, focus themes, tools, services and value proposals Thesis 4: Recognize the possibilities of the existing structures (like CoE program) Thesis 5: The thematic microclusters are the key to continuous interaction with the field Thesis 6: Tailor the activities based on needs, proactive thinking and the resources Thesis 7: Face the boundary conditions (not all ideas work with all communities) Thesis 8: Respect the (indirect) feedback, be ready to reconsider Thesis 9: Share the ideas, you’ll get new ones in return Thesis 10: Clarify the roles within the local innovation system to get the mandate to  operate
  43. 43. Thank you for your interest! Please contact the cluster coordinator:  Culminatum Innovation Ltd Business Director Irina BlomqvistBusiness Director Irina Blomqvist More information on Digital Finland: More information on Clusters: