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Lesson Two  - Renaissance Thought
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Lesson Two - Renaissance Thought

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  • 1. The Printing Press
  • 2. A Book RevolutionPrinting Press• Mid-1400s, Johannes Gutenberg cast letters of alphabet on metal plates, locked metal plates on wooden press; perfected movable type printing• Result, one of most dramatic upheavals world has ever knownPrinted Word Available to More• Before only way to reproduce writing was by hand; long, painstaking process• With movable type, text quickly printed; producing books faster, cheaper• Easier access to books prompted more people to learn to readItalics• Gutenberg’s first publication, 1,282-page Bible• Printers soon appeared in other cities, made books quickly, inexpensively• Explosion of printed material quickly spread Renaissance ideas
  • 3. Religious Leaders
  • 4. Luther Starts the Reformation; Text, p. 429; Packet p. 22 CAUSES EVENT or SITUATION EFFECTSLuther attacks a monk named 1. In 1517, Luther posts Luther’s words are printedTetzel for selling indulgences. his 95 Theses on the and spread all over church doors at Germany and attract many Wittenberg. followers. Above: The church doors At Luther’s church in Wittenberg. Other pics, Wittenberg, 2002. PP Design of T. Loessin; Akins High School
  • 5. New Philosophers and Writers
  • 6. Philosophers and WritersNorthern humanists expressed their own ideasCombined interests of theology, fiction and historyCreated philosophical works, novels, dramas, and poems Desiderius Erasmus Sir Thomas More Christine de Pisan• Combined Christian • More’s best-known • Italian-born writer ideas, humanism work, Utopia, contains focused on role of• Wrote of pure, simple criticisms of English women in society Christian life, educating government, society • Grew up in French children • Presents vision of court of Charles V;• Fanned flames of perfect, non-existent turned to writing when discontent society based on widowed• Roman Catholic Church reason • Championed equality, censored, condemned education for women works
  • 7. Greek Thought
  • 8. The Ancient Greeks “Man is the measure of all things.” -Protagoros Science Philosophy“The first men were nurtured and reared within “Virtue consists not in fish.” avoiding wrongdoing, - Anaximander but in being without any wish for it.”“The so-called sacred malady (sickness), then, is - Democritus produced by the same type of cause as other ailments—by the things that pass into and out of our bodies, such as cold and sunlight and the inconstant restless winds.”- Hippocrates