Lesson Twelve: The Enlightenment and Egypt

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Lesson Twelve: The Enlightenment and Egypt

  1. 1. Part Two Basic Constituents of the Society Basic Constituents of the Society <ul><li>Article 11 </li></ul>Krystyna Rybka Kelly Vine
  2. 2. Article 11 <ul><li>“ The State shall guarantee the proper coordination between the duties of woman towards the family and her work in society, considering her equal with man in the fields of political, social, cultural and economic life without violation of the rules of Islamic jurisprudence.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Our Change <ul><li>Our change would be that instead of regulating the rights of women in the State and having them obey the Islamic jurisprudence, they would accept those rules and regulations, but not defy their rights from the State. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Quotes from an Enlightenment Thinkers <ul><li>Mary Wollstonecraft </li></ul><ul><li>“ If women be educated for dependence; that is, to act according to the will of another fallible being, and submit, right or wrong, to power, where are we to stop?” - Mary Wollstonecraft </li></ul>
  5. 5. Women’s Rights <ul><li>Article 11: The State shall guarantee the proper coordination between the duties of woman towards the family and her work in the society, considering her equal with man in the fields of political, social, cultural and economic life without violation of the rules of Islamic jurisprudence. </li></ul><ul><li>Amendment: Women shall be given the same rights and respect as men in all forms, including but not limited to political, social, cultural, and economic life. </li></ul><ul><li>Quote by Mary Wollstonecraft: “It is time to effect a revolution in female manners - time to restore to them their lost dignity. It is time to separate unchangeable morals from local manners.” </li></ul>By Anne + Olivia
  6. 6. Part Three Public Freedoms, Rights and Duties <ul><li>Article 48 “Freedom of the press, printing, publication and mass media shall be guaranteed. Censorship on newspaper is forbidden as well as notifying, suspending or canceling them by administrative methods. In a state of emergency or in time of war a limited censorship may be imposed on the newspapers,publications and mass media in matters related to public safety or purposes of national security in accordance with the law. </li></ul><ul><li>Our Amendment: The Freedom of the press, printing, publication and mass media shall be guaranteed. Censorship of any media outlet is forbidden, even under the threat of a national security crisis. </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson “Educate and inform the whole mass of the people... They are the only sure reliance for the preservation of our liberty.” </li></ul><ul><li>Dylan Rasch and Kaija Petrone </li></ul><ul><li>February 16, 2011 </li></ul>
  7. 8. The President Article 76 The People’s Assembly shall nominate the President of the Republic. The nomination shall be referred to the people for a plebiscite. The nomination to the post of President of the Republic shall be made in the People’s Assembly upon the proposal of at least 1/3 of its member The candidate who wins 2/3 of the votes of the Assembly members shall be referred to the people for a plebiscite. If none of the candidates obtains the said majority the nomination process shall be repeated two days after the first vote. The candidate winning the votes with an absolute majority of the Assembly members shall be referred to the citizens for a plebiscite. The candidate shall be considered President of the Republic when he obtains an absolute majority of the votes cast in he plebiscite. If the candidate does not obtain this majority, the Assembly shall nominate another candidate and the same procedure shall be followed.
  8. 9. Resolution Whereas the exploitation of the nomination process has placed a singular President in power for 30 years Whereas Jean Jacques Rousseau stated that “[People] are only free when electing parliament,” Whereas the people are not free to elect a leader, Be it resolved that the people gathered here today pass the following amendment to the Constitution
  9. 10. Amendment Political parties shall nominate one (1) candidate to be President of the Republic That candidate will be solely funded by said political party as well as private donations. The nominations shall be referred to the people for a plebiscite. Upon a majority vote, the highest ranking nominee shall become the President of the Republic. The runner-up shall become the Vice-President of the Republic. Said elected officials shall serve no more than 4 years in their elected office.
  10. 11. Article 77 Statement: “The term of the Presidency is six Gregorian years starting from the date of the announcement of the result of the plebiscite. The president of the Republic may be re-elected for other successive terms.” Amendment: The term of Presidency is five Gregorian years starting from the date of announcement of the result of the election. The president of the republic may be re-elected for two consecutive terms in a row, and may be re-elected after another president has been elected and served his term. Quotes: “My reason for fixing them in office for a term of years, rather than for life, was that they might have an idea that they were at a certain period to return into the mass of the people and become the governed instead of the governors which might still keep alive that regard to the public good that otherwise they might perhaps be induced by their independence to forget.” ~ Thomas Jefferson
  11. 12. Article 78 <ul><li>Statement: “…Should this term expire without the choice of the new President being made for any reason whatsoever, the former President shall continue to exercise his functions until his successor is elected.” </li></ul><ul><li>Amendment: Should this term expire without the choice of the new President being made for any reason whatsoever, the People’s Assembly have the right to rule in place of a president until a new leader is elected. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Article 41 1.) Individual freedom is a natural right and shall not be touched. Except in cases of a flagrant delicate no person may be arrested, inspected, detained or his freedom restricted or prevented from the free movement except by an or necessitated by investigations and preservation of the security of the society.   This order shall be given by the competent judge or the Public Prosecution in accordance with the provisions of the law.  The law shall determine the period of custody. 2.) Individual freedom is a natural right and shall not be touched. Except in cases of a flagrant delicate no person may be arrested, inspected, detained or his/her freedom restricted or prevented from the free movement until solid incriminating evidence showing their threat to society is found during an investigation by the law.  This order shall be given by the competent judge or the Public Prosecution in accordance with the provisions of the law.  The law shall determine the period of custody. 3.) Amendment IV Search and arrest The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. - U.S. Bill of Rights

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