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Pollution in the Dolj County and the region of Oltenia “ Tudor Arghezi” High School Students: Paianu Andreea , Padureanu Cristina Supervising teacher: Barbulescu Anca Motto : Clean environment - healthy life ! Comenius Project “IS THERE ANYONE HEARING ME!”
The region of Oltenia is located in the south west
of Romania and is made up of the following counties:
According to The Romanian Agency for the
Protection of the Environment, there are 45 major sources of pollution in Oltenia, sources which are closely monitored by the EU. Oltenia also has two of the biggest Romanian thermo-electric power stations (Rovinari and Turceni) and a factory of heavy water (Romag Prod) which is used in the production of nuclear energy. From the point of view of the amount of production, this factory is the largest in Europe and the second largest in the world.
Another important source of pollution is represented by the two Power Stations located near Craiova. The most important power station is in the village of Isalnita. Life of the people living in the area is very hard because of the ash existing in the waste dumps, ash which is spread all over the village every time the wind blows.
The most important elements of the environment which are affected by pollution are:
The general increase of the temperature of the world, also known as global warming, is caused by the high levels of carbon dioxide and other gases existing into the atmosphere. These greenhouse gases form a layer around the earth and keep the heat in, but at the same time allow the solar radiation get into the atmosphere.
Due to the greenhouse effect, by the year 2010 the temperature of the world is expected to raise with 1.4 degrees Celsius up to 5.8 degrees Celsius. The increase of the temperature of the world would lead to major climate changes with disastrous consequences: changes in sea level, agricultural changes, animal and plant extinction.
The air pollution has negative effects on the highest layer of the atmosphere, which is called stratosphere.
Unfortunately, the number of the sources of pollution in Craiova has constantly increased.
The most important sources of pollution are:
CET 1 Isalnita – A thermo-electric power station
CET 2 Simnic- Another thermo-electric Power Station
Craiova –sources of pollution Another important source of pollution is represented by the exhaust fumes. The number of cars has dramatically increased and the fumes resulted have severe effects upon people’s health.