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Latest Developments in Open Access

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Talk given at Online Information, Olympia, London, Dec 4th 2008

Talk given at Online Information, Olympia, London, Dec 4th 2008

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    • 1. Latest Developments in Open Access Matthew Cockerill Managing Director, BioMed Central
    • 2. What’s new in Open Access
      • Peter Suber’s SPARC Open Access newsletter includes a roundup of the 137 most important OA developments
      - in November…
      • I will focus just on OA publishing
    • 3. More, more, more…
      • More open access mandates
      • More open access publishers
      • More central open access funds
      • More impact factors for OA journals
      • More evidence that open access is a viable business model
    • 4. Traditional research publishing
      • The research community transfers rights to the publisher
      • The publisher covers costs by selling access to the content
      Open Access research publishing
      • No barriers to access
      • The publisher does not acquire exclusive rights
      • Typically the publisher is paid for the service of publication
      A quick refresher on the open access publishing model
    • 5. About BioMed Central
      • Largest publisher of peer-reviewed open access journals
      • Launched first open access journal in 2000
      • Now publishes >190 OA titles
      • >44,000 peer reviewed OA articles published
      • All research articles published under Creative Commons licence
      • Costs covered by 'article processing charge' (APC)
    • 6. Revenue streams for OA publishers like BioMed Central
      • Publication fees
      • Subscriptions to non-research content (e.g. reviews)
      • Advertising/sponsorship
      • Services
    • 7. Revenue streams for OA publishers like BioMed Central
      • Publication fees
      • Subscriptions to non-research content (e.g. reviews)
      • Advertising/sponsorship
      • Services
    • 8. OA publication fees
      • BioMed Central $780-$2100
      • Public Library of Science $1300-$2850
      • Hindawi $300-$1250
      • Company of Biologists $3100
      • Oxford University Press $3000
      • Royal Society ~$3000
      • Springer $3000
      • Taylor & Francis $3250
      • Wiley $3000
    • 9. How do OA publication fees get paid?
      • Many authors pay out of grant funds
      • Some funders provide dedicated funds
      • Some institutions cover costs for their researchers centrally
      • Some OA journals are centrally supported and have no author-facing fees
    • 10. BioMed Central journals which do not charge author fees
      • Chinese Medicine
      • Chiropractic & Osteopathy
      • Italian Journal of Pediatrics
      • Journal of Biomedical Science
      • Journal of Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Injury
      • Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
      • Journal of the International AIDS Society
      • Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
      • Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology
    • 11. BioMed Central’s institutional payment options
      • Prepay membership
        • Institution pays funds into a deposit account
        • Article Processing Charge is covered by funds from account
        • Discount depending on deposit amount
        • Author does not have to pay
        • Simplified administration/reporting
      • Supporter membership
        • Institution pays a flat fee
        • Author pays a discounted Article Processing Charge
    • 12. Membership at other OA publishers
    • 13. Membership at other OA publishers
    • 14. How are BioMed Central OA fees being paid?
      • 30% Prepay members
      • 15% Individual APCs (Supporter members)
      • 50% Individual APCs (Non-members)
      • 5% Waivers
    • 15. Funders and OA
    • 16. NIH policy became mandatory in January 2008
      • Compliance has increased from 4% to more than 60%
      • About 28,000 author manuscripts have already been made available under the policy
    • 17.  
    • 18. UK PubMed Central funders
      • Predates NIH policy by a year, but author compliance lower (<50%)
      • Covers about 80% of biomedical funding in UK
    • 19. Europe
      • European Research Council
      • FP7 Open Access Pilot
      • SOAP – a research project on OA business models funded as part of FP7
    • 20. High Energy Physics - SCOAP3
    • 21. Institutions and OA
    • 22. Harvard: Office of Scholarly Communications
    • 23. Examples of central institutional funds for Open Access publication fees
      • Aarhus
      • Berkeley
      • Calgary
      • Harvard
      • (part of plan for Office of Scholarly Communication)
      • Max Planck
      • Nottingham
    • 24.  
    • 25. Impact Factors
    • 26. Which have been Biomed Central’s most rapidly growing journals
    • 27. What do these journals have in common?
    • 28. Official Impact Factors
    • 29. Impact Factors increasingly help Open Access journals
      • Impact Factors initially made things tough for new OA journals
      • But 45 BioMed Central journals now have official Impact Factors
      • A major driver of growth
    • 30. Manuscript submissions continue to grow rapidly
    • 31. Breakdown of submission growth by journal type
    • 32. Established journals are switching to open access
    • 33.  
    • 34.  
    • 35.  
    • 36. Open Access publishing, then and now…
      • 2008
      2000 And more…
    • 37. OASPA - a new industry association
    • 38. Goals of OASPA
      • Represent interests of Open Access publishers as a group
      • Agree common definition of Open Access
      • Enforce high standards of editorial and business practice amongst members
      • Establish guidelines for how publishers and institutions can best manage Open Access publication fees
    • 39. Springer’s acquisition of BioMed Central
      • +
    • 40. Springer acquisition FAQs
      • Will BioMed Central’s policy of open access to all research continue?
      • Yes – this was an obligatory condition for the deal to gain approval by BioMed Central’s Board of Trustees
      • Is BioMed Central profitable?
      • Springer bought BioMed Central because it is a healthy publishing business, in a growing sector of the market
      • Will BioMed Central APCs be increased to Springer Open Choice levels?
      • There are no plans to change BioMed Central’s APC pricing policy as a result of the deal
    • 41. Springer’s experimental institutional Open Access deals
      • Several institutions now have licensing deals with Springer allow their authors to select the Open Choice option without additional payment
        • Max Planck
        • UKB (Dutch consortium)
        • Georg-August University of Goettingen
      • The University of California says it is negotiating a similar deal with Springer
    • 42. Conclusions
      • OA publishing has gone from being an experiment to a proven alternative model
      • Institutions, funders and existing journals are responding
      • It will be interesting to see how it all plays out!

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