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Interdisciplinary research and open access

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Interdisciplinary research and open access - a talk by Matt Cockerill at Berlin 10 Open Access meeting (Stellenbosch, South Africa, November 8th 2012)

Interdisciplinary research and open access - a talk by Matt Cockerill at Berlin 10 Open Access meeting (Stellenbosch, South Africa, November 8th 2012)

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  • One of the main reasons we started BioMed Central was clear sense that subscriptions barriers between discplines were an obstacle to the progress of research. The number of examples to choose from is almost embarrassing, but I have selected a few to give a taste of how interdisciplinary research can benefit.
  • There was no journal dedicated to malaria!
  • Substantial fraction from African authors
  • Published to coincide with the London Olympics
  • Everyone can read articles in all these journals
  • Example of how an open access journal can successful focus on an applied topic of global importance (Energy and climate change), and bring multiple disciplines to bear on that topic.
  • Where it all started – enthusiasts for OA amongst genomicists
  • How genomics informs all areas of modern biology and medicine - *enabled* by open access
  • Transcript

    • 1. Open Access andinterdisciplinary research Matthew Cockerill Managing Director, BioMed Central 10th Berlin Open Access Meeting Stellenbosch, South Africa Thursday 8th November 2012 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5
    • 2. Open access helps eliminate barriers between disciplines Under a subscription-based model, institutions and departments often only subscribe to essential journals for the specific field Under open access, research benefits from cross-fertilization with ideas from other areas
    • 3. Some examples of cross-fertilization…
    • 4. By James Gathany (C Public domain ,1. Malaria
    • 5. Fields contributing towards under-standing and elimination of Malaria • Parasitology • Immunology • Epidemiology • Infectious diseases • Clinical trials • Health services research
    • 6. Malaria Journal’s influence More than 400 articles published annually The field is now dominated by open access journals  Malaria Journal  Parasites & Vectors  PLoS One  PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases Overall, 35% of malaria-related research in PubMed is now immediate open access
    • 7. By Sigurdas (Wikimedia commons) CC-BY-SA- http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/ ,2. Veterinary research
    • 8. Veterinary research is badly served by traditional model Traditional veterinary journals are infrequently read/cited by non-vets High quality veterinary research has tended to be published in “basic science” journals Veterinary medicine and human medical research can benefit by sharing findings
    • 9. Leading veterinary journals have embraced open access
    • 10. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica (Year of transfer: 2006) 1.6 1.367 1.4 1.196 1.2 Switched to open access with 1.000 1 BioMed CentralImpact Factor 0.899 0.766 0.8 0.717 0.703 0.6 0.516 0.515 0.408 0.375 0.4 0.318 0.2 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
    • 11. By Robbie Dale (Flickr: Jess Ennis, Golden Girl) CC-BY-SA-2.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0 ,3. Sport science
    • 12. Cross-journal collaboration
    • 13. 4. Biofuels
    • 14. Biofuels research• Plant science/genetics/genomics/agronomy (Improving feedstock)• Microbiology/Biotechnology (Improving processing & fermentation)• Biochemistry (Re-engineering pathways)• Economics (Land-use change)
    • 15. 5. Flavour research
    • 16. Research fields relating to Flavour  Chemistry / Biochemistry  Neuroscience / Psychology  Genetics / Genomics  Public Health / Nutrition  Obesity  Food science  Citizen science (chefs and more…)
    • 17. 6. Medical Case Reports
    • 18. Cases DB• Thousands of cases from all medical disciplines• Text-mining enables convenient filtering by diagnosis, treatment, patient age etc• Includes BioMed Central case reports and OA case reports from other publishers (available under CC license)
    • 19. Open access and case reports• Case reports are more useful when aggregated into a coherent database that spans medical disciplines• Breaks down barriers between medical researchers, specialist clinicians, GPs and patients
    • 20. 7. Genome data
    • 21. 8. Open Data
    • 22. Data-sharing and data repositories Have taken off in certain areas Tend to be discipline-specific, e.g. – Molecular sequence data (protein/dna) – Protein and chemical structures – Spectroscopy data – Biodiversity data – Public/government data Interoperability is limited
    • 23. GigaScience Research involving “big data” Sharing datasets in reusable form (e.g. the ISA-TAB standard) Using cloud-computing approaches to allow computational analyses to be easily reproduced and reused Part of wider „open data‟ efforts at BioMed Central
    • 24. Summary Research rarely falls clearly into discrete disciplinary categories The pen access model facilitates cross- fertilization between fields Discipline-specific journals need no longer exist in isolation Interdisciplinary journals are now viable and successful