Models for cooperation and participation on local level

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Models for cooperation and participation on local level
Eszter Hartay, European Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ECNL)

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Models for cooperation and participation on local level

  1. 1. Copyright © 2011 European Center for Not-for-Profit Law Models for cooperation and participation on local level Eszter Hartay European Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ECNL)
  2. 2. Copyright © 2011 European Center for Not-for-Profit Law Motto „ The residents who believe they can influence local decisions are almost 50% more likely to trust local authorities.” (Commission on Integration and Cohesion, 2007)
  3. 3. Copyright © 2011 European Center for Not-for-Profit Law Importance of participation as such <ul><li>It helps to create ownership over the model </li></ul><ul><li>It brings the actors together - they learn about each other, they get to know each other, they are more able to cooperate in future </li></ul><ul><li>E ven if the document is left in a drawer, the process can create lasting partnerships and grounds to work further towards addressing citizens needs </li></ul>
  4. 4. Copyright © 2011 European Center for Not-for-Profit Law Factors affecting the implementation of the models <ul><li>the existing level of cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>motivations and will to cooperate </li></ul><ul><li>the commitment of the sides in the process </li></ul><ul><li>understanding of the values and benefits </li></ul><ul><li>allocating resources and </li></ul><ul><li>keeping the focus to ensure that the models are adopted </li></ul>
  5. 5. Issue of local participation on European Level <ul><li>BOTH BINDING AND NONBINDING DOCUMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>HIGHLIGHT THAT… </li></ul><ul><li>decisions shall be taken as closely as possible to the citizens </li></ul><ul><li>states are expected to develop own regulations, improve legal framework </li></ul><ul><li>EUROPEAN UNION </li></ul><ul><li>Lisbon Treaty (2007) - “decisions shall be taken as openly and closely as possible to the citizens” </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution adopted by the EP (2009)- make full use of legal provisions and best practices to “step up dialogue with citizens and CSOs ” </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright © 2011 European Center </li></ul><ul><li>for Not-for-Profit Law </li></ul>
  6. 6. Copyright © 2011 European Center for Not-for-Profit Law Issue of local participation on European Level <ul><li>COUNCIL OF EUROPE </li></ul><ul><li>European Charter of Local Self-Government (1988): first internationally binding treaty , principle of subsidiarity </li></ul><ul><li>Additional Protocol to the Charter (2008): right of everyone to participate in the local affairs , responsibility of the states to establish legal framework </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendation 19 (2001): basic principles, recommendations, specific steps to encourage local participation </li></ul>
  7. 7. Copyright © 2011 European Center for Not-for-Profit Law Regulation on national level AUTONOMY DETAILED FRAMEWORK
  8. 8. Copyright © 2011 European Center for Not-for-Profit Law Regulation on national level <ul><li>CONSTITUTION </li></ul><ul><li>Usually not regulated explicitly, derives from other rights </li></ul><ul><li>Croatia: “citizens may directly participate in the administration of local affairs through meetings, referenda and other forms of direct decision making … .” </li></ul><ul><li>LAWS </li></ul><ul><li>Law on local self-government (e.g., Bosnia and Herzegovina) </li></ul><ul><li>Law on freedom and access to information (e.g., Hungary) </li></ul><ul><li>Law regulating the legislation process </li></ul><ul><li>Law on consultation during the legislation (e.g., Croatia) </li></ul><ul><li>NATIONAL STRATEGIES AND CODES </li></ul><ul><li>Compass for adoption of local documents </li></ul>
  9. 9. Copyright © 2011 European Center for Not-for-Profit Law Regulation on local level <ul><li>LOCAL COMPACTS, STRATEGIES AND AGREEMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Most common model </li></ul><ul><li>More specific and practice-oriented, less political </li></ul><ul><li>Main objectives: reflect current state of cooperation, identify specific goals </li></ul><ul><li>To be regularly evaluated </li></ul><ul><li>LOCAL DECREES </li></ul><ul><li>Very few example (e.g., Budapest) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Copyright © 2011 European Center for Not-for-Profit Law Local offices/centers/officials in charge for cooperation <ul><li>T he role of such office or person: </li></ul><ul><li>maintain website </li></ul><ul><li>operate database </li></ul><ul><li>send newsletters </li></ul><ul><li>coordinate the work of cross-sectoral bodies </li></ul><ul><li>inform of funding opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>provide office space and equipment for CSOs </li></ul>
  11. 11. Copyright © 2011 European Center for Not-for-Profit Law Cross-sector and CSO led bodies <ul><li>CROSS-SECTOR BODIES </li></ul><ul><li>A dvise on specific community needs </li></ul><ul><li>E xpress opinion on documents </li></ul><ul><li>M ake suggestions to discuss specific issues </li></ul><ul><li>S upport the implementation of the policy document </li></ul><ul><li>CSO LED BODIES </li></ul><ul><li>Officially recognized partner of the local government </li></ul><ul><li>Depends on the active involvement of the CSOs </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum amount of members </li></ul>
  12. 12. Copyright © 2011 European Center for Not-for-Profit Law The use of internet technology <ul><li>Cheapest way to reach out to wider group </li></ul><ul><li>Easier flow of information </li></ul><ul><li>Increase transparency of the work of the local government </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge: ensure tec hnical background to socially disadvantaged people  Telehouse movement </li></ul><ul><li>Specific tools: website, e-mail list, webcasting </li></ul>
  13. 13. Copyright © 2011 European Center for Not-for-Profit Law Databases <ul><li>DATABASES ARE USED TO…. </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate funding processes </li></ul><ul><li>Send newsletters </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate linkages between interested parties who want to partner on specific issue </li></ul>
  14. 14. Copyright © 2011 European Center for Not-for-Profit Law Recommendations or what to consider when working on a model? <ul><li>What is the objective? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the target group? </li></ul><ul><li>When to involve the target group? </li></ul><ul><li>How should be regulated? </li></ul><ul><li>How to ensure wider inclusion in the model ? </li></ul><ul><li>How should it be monitored and revised? </li></ul><ul><li>Funding for the model </li></ul>
  15. 15. Copyright © 2011 European Center for Not-for-Profit Law Thank you!

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