Unit: State & Local Govt
   On these slides, you will find a review of the    activities we did in class and the information    we have learned in...
   Overview of state govt   Amending the Constitution of Virginia   Virginia’s legislative branch   Virginia’s executi...
   What we did in class:    ◦ Watched a video by Ms. Mitchem Productions that      did a survey of the unit    ◦ Copied d...
   The Virginia Constitution distributes power among the    legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the state go...
   Constitution of Virginia    ◦ Amendment process       Proposal – action by General Assembly or        convention    ◦...
   Virginia and the United States both have    bicameral legislatures. This means that each       a. legislature meets tw...
   The correct answer is b. We know from our    last unit that the word “bicameral” means    having 2 houses. So if there...
   What we did in class:    ◦ Took notes    ◦ Looked at allegedly real bills in Virginia and in other      states    ◦ Co...
   The lawmaking process in the Virginia General    Assembly    ◦   Introducing a bill Working in committees    ◦   Debat...
   The primary issues in the legislative process    at the state level    ◦ Education – to promote an informed and engage...
   The main reason the General Assembly has    committees is to       a. group members into different political       par...
   D is the best answer here. Some of the other    answers are true, but remember, the General    Assembly is the legisla...
   What we did in class:    ◦ Watched a video clip of Governor McDonnell at      UVA’s graduation    ◦ Took notes    ◦ Cr...
   The governor of Virginia exercises the formal powers    granted by the Virginia Constitution   In carrying out both t...
   All of the following help in Virginia’s    executive branch by administering and    enforcing laws, regulating busines...
   The correct answer is B. Even if you didn’t    know if the other options are in the executive    branch, judges do not...
   We did the following activities in class:    ◦   Finished up our sorting hat activity    ◦   Watched a video clip of i...
   Virginia, like each of the other 49 states, has its    own separate court system whose organization and    jurisdictio...
   In Virginia, which of these courts is the only    one to utilize a jury?        a. Virginia Circuit Court        b. Ge...
   The correct answer is A. C & D are appeals    courts, and as we saw before with the    national or federal judicial sy...
   In class, we did a whole bunch of fun    things, but you’ll have to wait and see what    they are .
   The units of local government in Virginia are counties, towns, and cities. Local    governments exercise legislative, ...
   In Virginia counties, towns, and cities, a manager may be hired by the elected    legislative branch to oversee the op...
   All powers of local governments in Virginia    are given to them by the Constitution of    Virginia and acts of the Ge...
   An elected board of supervisors is the local    legislative body in counties and is responsible    for passing laws (o...
   The relationship between Virginia and its    General Assembly is the same as that    between a county and its       a....
   The correct answer is D. At the county level,    the board of supervisors is the lawmaking    body, just like the Gene...
   This is it for the material for your test.   Please also spend a few minutes looking over    your vocabulary as well....
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Review slides

435 views
347 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
435
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
62
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Review slides

  1. 1. Unit: State & Local Govt
  2. 2.  On these slides, you will find a review of the activities we did in class and the information we have learned in this unit on state and local government. You will also see examples of multiple choice questions that demonstrate how you might see the information on the test.
  3. 3.  Overview of state govt Amending the Constitution of Virginia Virginia’s legislative branch Virginia’s executive branch Virginia’s judicial branch Organization of local govt
  4. 4.  What we did in class: ◦ Watched a video by Ms. Mitchem Productions that did a survey of the unit ◦ Copied down unit vocabulary ◦ Went on a quest through the Virginia Constitution ◦ Completed a venn diagram that compared the national govt and Virginia’s govt
  5. 5.  The Virginia Constitution distributes power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the state government The legislative branch is the General Assembly, a bicameral legislature – the house of Delegates and the Virginia Senate – that meets annually for a fixed number of days The executive power is exercised by the governor, who is elected for a four-year term of office. The governor appoints members of the cabinet, who oversee specific functions of government The lieutenant governor and the attorney general are executive branch officers who are elected for a four-year term of office The judicial power is exercised by a court system that consists of four levels or courts: ◦ Supreme Court ◦ Court of Appeals ◦ Circuit Courts ◦ District Courts (including small claims courts and juvenile and domestic relations courts
  6. 6.  Constitution of Virginia ◦ Amendment process  Proposal – action by General Assembly or convention ◦ Ratification – by voters of Virginia
  7. 7.  Virginia and the United States both have bicameral legislatures. This means that each a. legislature meets twice a year b. legislature has two houses c. state has two representatives d. legislature is elected every two years
  8. 8.  The correct answer is b. We know from our last unit that the word “bicameral” means having 2 houses. So if there’s a bicameral legislature, that means the lawmaking body has 2 houses.
  9. 9.  What we did in class: ◦ Took notes ◦ Looked at allegedly real bills in Virginia and in other states ◦ Completed a worksheet that discussed current bills going through the General Assembly
  10. 10.  The lawmaking process in the Virginia General Assembly ◦ Introducing a bill Working in committees ◦ Debating the bill on the floor of each house ◦ Voting on the bill in each house ◦ Sending the bill to the governor to sign into law Elected officials in the Virginia General Assembly write laws and take action in response to problems or issues Individuals and interest groups help shape legislation
  11. 11.  The primary issues in the legislative process at the state level ◦ Education – to promote an informed and engaged citizenry (i.e., establish minimum standards for local schools) ◦ Public health – to promote and protect the health of its citizens (i.e., fund health benefits) ◦ Environment – to protect natural resources (i.e., improve water quality in the Chesapeake Bay) ◦ State budget – to approve a biennial (two year) budget prepared by the governor ◦ Revenue – to levy and collect taxes
  12. 12.  The main reason the General Assembly has committees is to a. group members into different political parties b. make an annual budget c. help newly elected members d. consider and review bills that may become state laws
  13. 13.  D is the best answer here. Some of the other answers are true, but remember, the General Assembly is the legislative branch of Virginia. The primary job of any legislative branch of govt is making laws.
  14. 14.  What we did in class: ◦ Watched a video clip of Governor McDonnell at UVA’s graduation ◦ Took notes ◦ Created our hats on which we described different roles the governor plays ◦ Learned about our projects on state and local govts
  15. 15.  The governor of Virginia exercises the formal powers granted by the Virginia Constitution In carrying out both the formal and informal powers of the office, the governor fills several roles, including ◦ Chief of state ◦ Chief legislator ◦ Chief administrator ◦ Party chief ◦ Commander-in-chief Cabinet secretaries and departments, agencies, commissions, and regulatory boards ◦ Administers laws ◦ Enforces laws ◦ Regulates aspects of business and the economy ◦ Provide services
  16. 16.  All of the following help in Virginia’s executive branch by administering and enforcing laws, regulating business and the economy, and providing services EXCEPT a. cabinet departments b. judges c. regulatory boards d. agencies and commissions
  17. 17.  The correct answer is B. Even if you didn’t know if the other options are in the executive branch, judges do not belong anywhere in the executive branch. They are the central figures of the judicial branch.
  18. 18.  We did the following activities in class: ◦ Finished up our sorting hat activity ◦ Watched a video clip of injustice! ◦ Took notes ◦ Analyzed a primary source
  19. 19.  Virginia, like each of the other 49 states, has its own separate court system whose organization and jurisdiction are derived from Virginia’s constitution and state laws ◦ Virginia Supreme Court – justices, no jury; appellate jurisdiction; limited original jurisdiction ◦ Court of Appeals of Virginia – judges, no jury; appellate jurisdiction to review decisions of Circuit Courts ◦ Circuit Court – judge, with or without jury; original jurisdiction for felony criminal cases and for certain civil cases; appellate jurisdiction from District Courts ◦ General District Court and Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court – judge, no jury; original jurisdiction for misdemeanors in civil cases generally involving lower dollar amounts and original jurisdiction in juvenile and family cases
  20. 20.  In Virginia, which of these courts is the only one to utilize a jury? a. Virginia Circuit Court b. General District Court c. Virginia Supreme Court d. Virginia Court of Appeals
  21. 21.  The correct answer is A. C & D are appeals courts, and as we saw before with the national or federal judicial system, there are only judges at this level. There aren’t any juries in B, either. These are typically smaller matters that don’t need a full jury to make a decision.
  22. 22.  In class, we did a whole bunch of fun things, but you’ll have to wait and see what they are .
  23. 23.  The units of local government in Virginia are counties, towns, and cities. Local governments exercise legislative, executive, and judicial powers Each Virginia county has an elected board of supervisors, which exercises legislative powers, enacting ordinances (local laws) and adopting an annual budget Each Virginia county and city has an elected or appointed school board, which oversees the operation of the K-12 public schools in the county or city Each Virginia incorporated town has an elected town council, which exercises legislative powers, enacting ordinances and adopting an annual budget. A mayor is elected either by the voters or the town council members Each Virginia city has an elected city council, which exercises legislative powers, enacting ordinances and adopting an annual budget. A mayor is elected either by the voters or the city council members.
  24. 24.  In Virginia counties, towns, and cities, a manager may be hired by the elected legislative branch to oversee the operations of the local government In every Virginia locality, state courts resolve judicial disputes. Judges of the circuit courts, district courts, juvenile and domestic relations courts, and small claims courts hear cases in each locality The Virginia Constitution requires that voters in every locality elect a sheriff, a clerk of the Circuit Court, a commissioner or revenue, and a treasurer Virginia local governments exercise defined and limited powers, including the power to ◦ Enforce state and local laws ◦ Promote public health ◦ Protect public safety ◦ Educate children ◦ Protect the environment ◦ Regulate land use ◦ Levy and collect taxes
  25. 25.  All powers of local governments in Virginia are given to them by the Constitution of Virginia and acts of the General Assembly Not all counties and cities are given the same powers. Cities have charters listing their powers
  26. 26.  An elected board of supervisors is the local legislative body in counties and is responsible for passing laws (ordinances) for the county An elected council is the local legislative body in independent cities and incorporated towns Individuals can have the greatest influence on the decisions made by local government officials
  27. 27.  The relationship between Virginia and its General Assembly is the same as that between a county and its a. city council b. ordinance c. town manager d. board of supervisors
  28. 28.  The correct answer is D. At the county level, the board of supervisors is the lawmaking body, just like the General Assembly at the state level and Congress at the national level.
  29. 29.  This is it for the material for your test. Please also spend a few minutes looking over your vocabulary as well. If you have any last minute questions, please ask me in class or shoot me an e-mail. Good luck!!

×