THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH•The legislativebranch is thelawmaking body ofgovernment; consists ofa bicameral Congress
THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH•The legislativebranch is bicameral,meaning has twohouses
THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH•One house is the House of Representatives-435 members.•The number of its members is based on astate’s population a. Qualifications 1. be at least 25 years old 2. be a U.S. citizen for at Anyone recognize least 7 years me?! 3. be a legal resident of the state he/she represents b. Term length- 2 years
THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH•The other house of Congress is calledthe Senate- 100 members.•The number of its members is the samefor every state regardless of size (2) a. Qualifications 1. be at least 30 years old 2. be a U.S. citizen for at least 9 years Anyone recognize 3. be a legal resident of the state me?! he/she represents b. Term length: 6 years
SENATE! OR HOUSE!•Now we are going to do a quick practice withthe qualifications/requirements for each house ofCongress.•Hold up your red card if the answer is theSenate, blue card if it’s the House ofRepresentatives
SCENARIO 1•Ms. Mitchem has been livingin Virginia all of her life.She’s thinking about runningfor an office in Congress.She’s a little bit too young, soshe has to wait a few yearsbefore she can run. Whichoffice could she start runningfor first?
SCENARIO 2•Joel has always wanted to run for office in California.He moved there 9 years ago, having lived in Oregon allof his life. He’s so excited that he can finally run for theCongressional office of his dreams. Which office doeshe want to run for?
SCENARIO 3• Romeo & Juliet, a married couple, have been living inFlorida for 20. Romeo wants to run for Congressionaloffice. Juliet wants him to think of their future andwould like him to pick the office that would give him adefinite job for at least 5 years. Stability is SO important,you know? Which office should Romeo pick?
SCENARIO 4• Bob is thinking about running for Congressional officein California. He meets the age, residence, andcitizenship requirements. He really likes to be the centerof attention, so he doesn’t want a lot of people to havethe same title that he has. Maybe if just one otherperson did, that’d be okay. Not ideal, but okay. Whatoffice should he run for?
THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH•The powers granted to Congress can be foundin Article 1, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution.• Expressed/delegated/enumerated powers arepowers specifically listed in the Constitution ofthe United States
THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCHa. Expressed powers: 1. Makes the laws of the nation 2. Approves the annual budget 3. Confirms presidential appointments 4. Raises revenue through taxes and other levies (money collected) 5. Regulates interstate and foreign trade (commerce) 6. Declares war
THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH•Implied powers are powers used to carry outexpressed powers•Congress has the power to “make all laws whichshall be necessary and proper for carrying intoexecution [carrying out] the foregoing powers.” >necessary and proper clause/ elastic clause•Example: creation of national military academies
THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH•Article 1, Section 9 of the Constitution limits the powersof Congress. >passing laws that violate the Bill of Rights >granting titles of nobility