Overall research points prsesentationPresentation Transcript
Everything is an Argument: Understanding Argumentation
Steps to write an Argumentation Paper
Choose a Topic
Take a stand
Ensure you stand is debatable
Gather and Document Evidence
Deal with the opposition
Begin with a broad topic or topics and begin to narrow it to a more specific topic
At this stage, you are freewriting or brainstorming
From the start, consider the topic from other people’s viewpoints Be open to all angles
If the evidence goes against your position, you should be willing to change your thesis
Take a Stand
State your position in the form of a thesis at the end of your introductory paragraph.
Your introductory paragraph should also incorporate an introduction strategy.
After you have written your thesis, make sure it’s debatable.
Arguing a point most people accept is true is useless. Does it pass the “so what” factor?
A good argumentation paper presents a proposition that some would object to.
Evidence can be fact or opinion.
Facts are statements that most people agree are true and that can be verified, such as statistics.
It is a fact that fewer people per year were killed in automobile accidents in the 1990s than in the 1970s.
Opinions are interpretations of facts.
Note: The opinions of experts are more convincing than those of individuals who have limited knowledge of an issue .
Where to locate sources:
Print media (i.e. library catalogue)
Opposing Viewpoints database
Popular/ Scholarly Sources
Deal with the Opposition…respectfully
Use Effective Appeals Logos – appeal to logic with facts, data, numbers, etc. Pathos –appeal to emotion with real-life stories/examples Ethos – appeal to credibility with a paper that is error free, Well-written, etc.
This paper…Problem/Solution Essay See the assignment for more details