Average Percentile Points Gained By Students on Achievement Tests Identifying Similarities and Differences 45 Summarizing and Notetaking 34 Reinforcing Effort & Providing Recognition 29 Increasing Value in Homework and Practices 28 Using Non-linguistic Representations 27 Incorporating Co-operative Learning Effectively 27 Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback 23 Generating and Testing Hypothesis 23 Statistics from Classroom Instruction That Works , p. 7 Utilizing Questions, Cues, & Advanced Organizers 22
Similarities and Differences Comparing with Venn Diagrams
Technology Integration Comparing with Comparison Matrix
Summarizing and Notetaking Rule based summary- steps for students to use to decide which information to delete or substitute and which to keep
Technology Integration Summary Frames- a series of questions that the teacher provides to students to highlight the critical elements for specific types of information (questions taken from Classroom Instruction That Works , Marzano, p. 35-41) The Narrative Frame The Topic-Restriction-Illustration Frame The Definition Frame The Argumentation Frame The Problem/Solution Frame The Conversation Frame
Technology Integration Formatting tools- use Word tools such as underlining, bold, font color, highlighting, bulleted lists, outlining, etc.
Technology Integration Retelling- use story frames and allow students to retell the story.
A variety of activities to produce nonlinguistic representations should be used.
Creating graphic representations
Making physical models
Generating mental pictures
Drawing pictures and pictographs
Engaging in kinesthetic activities
Nonlinguistic representations should elaborate on the pre-existing knowledge or the newly introduced knowledge.
Technology Integration descriptive patterns - represent facts about specific persons, places, things, and events time-sequence patterns - organize events in a specific chronological order
Technology Integration process/cause-effect patterns - organize information into a casual network leading to a specific outcome or into a sequence of steps leading to a specific product generalization/principle patterns - organize information into general statements with supporting examples concept patterns - organize information around a word or phrase that represents entire classes or categories of persons, places, things and events
Technology Integration Visualizing is an important strategy students need to use when reading or learning new content. Using digital cameras , MovieMaker , United Streaming , paint programs , and Inspiration are a few resources to help students create mental images by stimulating their thinking. The following visualizing project will help students practice generating mental pictures. The visualization project is a five day project that incorporates reading and rereading of a story, visualizing images, sequencing events, retelling the story, and illustrating the retelling of the story. The project is intending to be used with a picture book that contains a strong sequence. Daily project details are listed below. Day 1 – classroom: Teacher shows visualization PowerPoint to class. First reading of story without illustrations (illustrations are not shown to class until the end of the project)
Technology Integration Day 2 - computer lab: Students view story in PowerPoint format and reread story together. Students use KidPix or other drawing program to illustrate one event from the story. Students take story home to reread for homework with parent/guardian (Word document) Day 3 - computer lab: Class reviews story sequence together Students use Inspiration to sequence events of story. (sample) Day 4 – classroom: Students retell story while teacher types retell into Word document using projector, class edits when necessary Day 5 - classroom or computer lab: Students are given book pages from the class retelling of story to illustrate (or students use a paint program to illustrate pages) Student pages are scanned and made into a PowerPoint show for classroom computers
Technology Integration Using programs such as MS Paint , Inspiration , and Excel give students the opportunity to draw pictures or create pictographs (symbols) to represent ideas, events, places or objects. Some ways students can use drawing pictures and creating pictographs to enhance their learning are:
illustrate a process (life cycles, writing process, solve an equation, science concept, government process, etc.)
create a story web
make a map
create pictographs for math (sample)
The following project is one example using the writing process. After reading a story about two boys who created an invention, students were given the opportunity to create their own inventions. There were three parts to the process:
Technology Integration Part 1 - Students created a picture of their invention using a paint program. Pictures were exported and saved as .jpg picture files Part 2 -Students created a web using Inspiration showing what the invention could do. Pictures were exported and saved as .jpg picture files Part 3 -Students used a Powerpoint template to write a paragraph about their invention The picture and web graphics were inserted into the Powerpoint file.
Technology Integration A mental picture is created in a student's mind when they use role play with physical movement. Creating movies with video and still digital photos reinforces the mental picture as students view them over and over again. Use software programs such as MovieMaker, VoiceThread, PowerPoint and PhotoStory to create movies.
Some examples includes:
Body math (illustrate angles, geometric shapes, multiplication, ordinal numbers, etc.)
Collaborative Online Projects - includes class to class projects, ePal projects, online journeys, and authors and writers
The 2008 Iditarod Race
Literature Learning Ladders - Collaborative and interactive online projects
Technospud Projects -8 projects a year that enables teachers to teach a concept, share their results, and compare/contrast their results with other classrooms all over the world
each project includes worksheets, website links and lesson ideas
Internet Scavenger Hunts
Internet Hunt Activities by Cindy O'Hora
Scavenger Hunts for Kids
Technology Integration PowerPoint games- download these PowerPoint game templates and change to fit your classroom needs Are You Smarter Than a 5th Grader Wheel of Fortune Jeopardy template 1 Jeopardy template 2 Jeopardy template 3 Who Wants to Be a Millionaire Twenty Questions Guess the Covered Word Hillsborough Squares 1 Hillsborough Squares 2 Weakest Link Undercove r (Concentration) - directions Password