Learning Theories


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Learning Theories

  2. 2. SOCIAL COGNITION• Social Cognition – a learning theory based on the idea that learning is heavily based on social interactions.• The social cognition theory was developed by an educational psychologist named Lev Vygotsky.
  3. 3. GROUP WORK• Collaborative Learning - can be described as a teaching method where the teacher provides temporary assistance to the learner so that they can then complete the desired activity independently at some point soon after that.• Scaffolding – when a teacher figures out which level of learning a student is at and bases their lessons around that level and more challenging levels by encouraging collaborative learning to take place.• A scaffold is a temporary source of knowledge that can help a student learn new things that they wouldn’t be able to learn otherwise.
  4. 4. ZONE OF PROXIMAL DEVELOPMENT• The Zone of Proximal Development is the level of difficulty that a child can reach and learn at on a given topic with the assistance of someone who is more educated on that topic.• This zone is useful because it helps students progress by presenting them with challenges, but not more than they can handle.
  5. 5. THE TEACHER’S PLACE IN IT:• A teacher can use the zone of proximal development to pull a child up to a higher learning level that they wouldn’t have been able to reach on their own.Examples:• A first grade student knows how to use Microsoft Word, but not Powerpoint. The teacher can then introduce the child to Powerpoint and show them how to create a simple presentation. The student had no idea how to use Powerpoint initially, but since it was in their Zone of Proximal Development, with help from the teacher, they could learn it.• Most second graders can only do addition and subtraction, but when Sammy’s older brother showed her his homework problems that included multiplication, she was able to understand how it worked, and after a couple examples from him, she could do it on her own because multiplication was in her Zone of Proximal Development.
  6. 6. THE STUDENT’S PLACE IN IT:• When a student is given a task that they have no idea how to complete, they can listen to or observe someone with more knowledge than them so that the student can then begin to learn to complete the task on their own.Examples:• When a student is learning to type, they often look at the keys at first (the labels on the keys in this example play the role of the teacher). But then as that student begins to understand where each key is, they can type on their own even with a rubber opaque keyboard cover which prevents them from seeing the letters.• A child who is learning to sing the alphabet will sing along with their teacher the first few times, and listen to the teacher until the teacher drops out and they can continue to sing it on their own.
  7. 7. HOW THIS THEORY APPLIES TO TEACHING FOR ME:• I think this theory is an extremely useful one because it shows that students can be challenged and learn more with the help of others.• Collaborative learning is great tool to use which gives the students an opportunity to figure out the answers on their own with the help of others. It can be used for almost any topic that a discussion would be appropriate for.• I will help my students learn new things based on this theory by providing them with temporary assistance so that from that moment forward, they can complete whatever the assignment or objective is on their own.
  8. 8. CREDITSAll images were borrowed from: http://www.school-clip- art.com/student_clipart.shtml