The Lost East• Approx 11,329,676 Heimatvertriebene recorded in 1950• Lived in emergency accommodation around Germany• Umsiedler – E Germany• Heimatvertriebene –W Germany 5
The Lost East• Strong political force in W Germany – Held 27 seats in Bundestag in 1953• Presented as the heart of German suffering• East presented as idyll• Approx 10 films made about the flight of eastern territories 6
Die Blechtrommel• W German• 1979• Oscar Winner• Volker Schlöndorff b1939• Günter Grass b1927• Novel 1958• Set in Danzig 7
Die Blechtrommel• A sexualised German fairy tale without a happy ending• Sex used to show conflict and attraction between cultures• Sex used to mark changes in time 8
Die BlechtrommelThe mythical lost East or the wild East ? 9
Die BlechtrommelThe mythical lost East or the wild East ? 10
Die BlechtrommelA Hymn to Danzig• Kashubian• Polish• German• Jews• Free?• Live in confused harmony• Forced to choose by Nazis 11
Die BlechtrommelThe Ridiculous Nazis• Grotesque• Vicious• Seductive• Destructive 12
Die BlechtrommelThe Terrible Choice• Jan Bronski – Polish• Alfred Matzerath – Nazi• Agnes Matzerath – Can’t choose• Grandmother – Kashubian 13
Conclusion• Lost eastern territories a confused mix of cultures• Ridiculous Nazi’s seduced Danzig and the people paid the price for seduction with lives• Germans, Jews, culture victims• Now a paradise lost• Soviet perpetrators not liberators• East gone for ever 17
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