Logic Models For Grant Writing


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  • Logic model only represents reality, it is not reality Programs are not linear Programs are dynamic interrelationships that rarely follow sequential order Logic model focuses on expected outcomes: also need to pay attention to unintended or unexpected outcomes: positive, negative, neutral Challenge of causal attribution Program is likely to be just one of many factors influencing outcomes Consider other factors that may be affecting observed outcomes Does not “prove” that program caused results Contribution vs. attribution Doesn’t address: Are we doing the right thing
  • Logic Models For Grant Writing

    1. 1. Grants 101 Logic Models Presented by Dierdre McKee
    2. 2. Logic Model <ul><li>A systematic, visual way to present a planned program with its underlying assumptions and theoretical framework </li></ul><ul><li>Logic models are tools for program planning, management, and evaluation </li></ul>
    3. 3. Logic Model: A Great Planning Tool <ul><li>Complete a logic model for your project before writing the proposal </li></ul><ul><li>All elements of a proposal (and more) are contained in the logic model </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used sometimes in a proposal </li></ul>
    4. 4. Logic Models <ul><li>Logic models “tell the story” of your program </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic and visual </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships among the resources, the activities, and the changes or results. </li></ul>Inputs Activities Outputs Outcomes Impact
    5. 6. Logical chain of connections showing what the program is to accomplish What we do Who we reach What results INPUTS OUTPUTS OUTCOMES Program invest-ments Activities Participation Short Medium Long-term What we invest
    6. 7. How will activities lead to desired outcomes? A series of if-then relationships We invest time and money Students struggling acade mical -ly can be tutored They will learn and improve their skills They will get better grades They will move to next grade level on time IF then IF Then IF then IF then We can provide tutoring 3 hrs/week for 1 school year to 50 children IF then Tutoring Program Example
    7. 8. Logic Model Components <ul><ul><li>INPUTS : resources, contributions, investments that go into the program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OUTPUTS : activities, services, events and products that reach people who participate or who are targeted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OUTCOMES : results or changes for individuals, groups, communities, organizations, communities, or systems </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. More Logic Model Elements <ul><ul><li>ASSUMPTIONS : the beliefs people have about the program, other people involved, and the context and the way people think the program will work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EXTERNAL FACTORS : the environment in which the program exists includes a variety of external factors that interact with and influence the program action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EVALUATION : a process of deciding what to evaluate, collecting information, analyzing that information, and reporting it </li></ul></ul>
    9. 10. Sample Logic Model
    10. 11. <ul><li>Logic Model… </li></ul><ul><li>Represents intention, is not reality </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on expected outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge of causal attribution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many factors influence process and outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t address: Are we doing the right thing? </li></ul>Limitations
    11. 12. Relevance for Grant Proposals <ul><li>Logic models are opportunities to think about plans, outcomes and measurement </li></ul><ul><li>Logic models help everyone get on the same page before proceeding with a project </li></ul><ul><li>Everything you put into a logic model can help you write a grant proposal </li></ul>
    12. 13. Logic Model Resources <ul><li>University of Wisconsin: http://www.uwex.edu/ces/pdande/evaluation/evallogicmodel.html </li></ul><ul><li>CDC: http://www.cdc.gov/eval/resources.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Kellogg Foundation: http://www.wkkf.org/Pubs/Tools/Evaluation/Pub3669.pdf </li></ul>
    13. 14. Thank you! To learn more about the grant seeking process, view the next slidecast, “Writing the Budget”