egk13 - Brain Circulation Schemes - Erick Tambo


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Ethio-German Konnect 2013 in Addis Ababa

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egk13 - Brain Circulation Schemes - Erick Tambo

  1. 1. UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY "Brain Circulation Schemes. How to Include Diaspora in Higher Education" Ethio-German Konnect (EGK 2013) 11-12 November 2013 Dr. Erick Tambo Associate Academic Officer United Nations University – Institute for Environment and Human Security
  2. 2. Agenda v UNU v UNU in General v UNU in Bonn (UNU-EHS) v eLearning@UNU v UNU and Diaspora v Brain Drain: some facts v Brain Circulation Scheme: Teaching v Brain Circulation Scheme: Research v Other Brain Circulation Schemes 1
  3. 3. UNU Mandate “The United Nations University (UNU) establish in 1973 represents the academic arm of the United Nations system implementing research and educational programmes in the area of sustainable development, with the particular aim of assisting developing countries. Thematic Area 1.) Peace, Security and Human Rights 2.) Human and Socio-economic Development and Good Governance 3.) Global Health, Population and Sustainable Livelihoods 4.) Global Change and Sustainable Development 5.) Science, Technology, Innovation and Society
  4. 4. UNU Campus Worldwide
  5. 5. The New NEXUS Science Education Practice
  6. 6. Structure of UNU-EHS, Bonn
  7. 7. Higher Education @ UNU-EHS Face-to-Face Courses: 1.  Joint Master 2.  PhD Block courses 3.  Summer Academy 4.  WASCAL GRP in Togo 5.  Other lecturing (e.g. Univ. Bonn; Univ. Maastricht; ETH Zurich, etc.) Technology enhanced learning 1.  e-Learning 2.  Mobile learning 3.  Quality assurance 4.  OER - Open Educational Ressources Research Coordination: Technical support: 1. PhD programme 2. Visiting Scientist programme 3. Intership programme 4. Scientific Colloquium 5.  Alumni Network 1.  Lecture capturing 2.  Interview Recording 3.  Blackboard webbinars 4.  Web-based platforms for information and knowledge exchange
  8. 8. eLearning@UNU-EHS v  Conceptualization and Integration of e-learning at EHS v  Personal and Institutional Capacity Development in institutions of higher education in Africa v  Open Education & Quality assurance in E-Learning v  Bridging the Gap: Science - Education – Practice v  ICT to alleviate the Brain Drain
  9. 9. ICT to alleviate the Brain Drain The efficient use of ICT can help to reduce the effect of brain drain à brain gain Brain Drain Brain Gain
  10. 10. ICT to alleviate the Brain Drain
  11. 11. UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY Vice Rectorate in Europe (UNU-ViE) UNU Institute for Natural Resources in Africa Dr. Elias T. Ayuk, Director
  12. 12. Brain Drain: some facts v Since 1990, Africa has been losing 20,000 professionals annually v Over 300,000 professionals reside outside Africa [OIM, 2010]. v Between 70 and 90 percent of Zimbabwe’s university graduates are now working outside the country v About 10 percent of South Africa’s IT and finance executives have departed in recent years v Over 21,000 Nigerian doctors practice in the U.S v Ethiopia lost 75% of its skilled workforce between 1980-91 v There are more Ethiopian doctors on the east coast of the U.S. than there are in Ethiopia v To fill the gap caused by this brain drain, Africa employs up to 150,000 expatriate professionals at a cost of $4 billion annually [Shim, 2010].
  13. 13. Brain Circulation Scheme: Teaching v  Blended Learning model for supervision of students by Diaspora experts Organization of needs, skills and management of processes Face 2 Face Short Term Visit v  Introduction/ presentation v  Fieldtrips v  Lab exercises Online Synchronous v  Mentoring & Coaching v  Virtual Classroom v  Webinars v  Live Assessment Asynchronous v  Recorded lectures v  Self paced tutorial v  Web assessment v  Performance monitoring v  Offline learning (Printed materials CD/DVD, Flash drive) v  Open Integration
  14. 14. Brain Circulation Scheme: Teaching v Pilot project (Blended Learning Supervision model) v Nine experts from three countries resp. migrants associations supervising students in three African universities v 2-4 weeks face 2 face + online activities integrated into the curricula of the respective universities v Partners v DAESAV e. V., VKII e. V. , DMK e. V.: IT supported organization and mobilization of experts and project management v Univ.: Addis Abba(Ethiopia), Yaoundé 1 (Cameroon), Rabat (Morocco): specification of needs, organization of students and logistics locally v UN Volunteer to support the management of the project and it integration to a broader scheme (UNDP TOKTEN, etc.) v UNU: process design and implementation , infrastructure support v Outlook/Goal: Evaluation of pilot project and up scaling the model to a PanAfrican perspective with interested partners (OSSREA, IDPC, PAU, etc..)
  15. 15. Brain Circulation Scheme: Research v Linking independent “research Institutions/think tanks” of Diaspora scientists with research and development processes in the continent v Context v Europe/Diaspora: Experience and network, Independence in term of research, career development, applied research and entrepreneurship v Host countries/Africa: liberalization of research, strengthening research (supervision of PhD), strengthening policy making, development of appropriated solutions, etc. v Knowledge and technologies transfer bridges: Cooperation/linking experts/ institutions in both context (join proposal/project, etc.), mobility of researchers, scientific bilateral discussions, etc. v Models v Think tank based in Europe with satellites/activities in one or many African countries v Think tank based in Africa connected to scientists/networks abroad
  16. 16. Brain Circulation Scheme: Research v Research project: Independent “think tank” of Diaspora scientists as contribution to development, North –South knowledge and technology transfer v Framework for the establishment of think tank by Diaspora scientists v Quadruple WIN approaches with the integration of international or continental actors (UN, AU, EU, etc.) v Existing think tank v Afford (UK - Africa) v ADPC (Netherland – Africa ) v Koagni eHealth e. V. (Germany –Cameroon) v Farafina Institute e. V. (Germany – Ghana , Cote d’Ivoire) v Engov-Institute (Cameroon – Germany ) v Etc. v Network/Associations of diaspora leads of experts
  17. 17. Other Brain Circulation Schemes … g  Diaspora and Tele-medicine g  Diaspora and Tech Hubs
  18. 18. Contact UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY Hermann-Ehlers-Str. 10 53113 Bonn, Germany Tel.: + 49-228-815-0259 Fax: + 49-228-815-0299 e-mail: “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” Nelson Mandela
  19. 19. Literatures v  [IOM, 2010] International Organization for Migration. v  [Macintosh, 2004] Macintosh, A. Characterizing E-Participation in Policy-Making, In the Proceedings of the ThirtySeventh Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-37), January 5 8, 2004, Big Island, Hawaii. v  [Shinn, 2010] African Migration and Brain Drain: v  [Tambo, 2010] Erick Gankam Tambo. A Framework for virtual Seminar in Cameroon. Dissertation Feruniversität in Hagen. v  [World Bank, 2010] World Bank Officials Engage African Diaspora in Development Efforts. v  [P1] Erik van Roekel, Marco Derksen. Banking 2.0 It's all about socialising, sharing and creating. http:// v  [P2] Epic. E-Learning. online learning and Blended solution Lite_Paper_Learning_communities.pdf v  [P3] What is WEB 2.0, v  [P4] Computer Supported Cooperative Work. v  [P5] Elvis Teke. Telemedecine centre goes operational idField=3977&table=nouvelles&sub=national v  Epartizipation:,,, participatory budgeting (Cologne, Freiburg), whitehouse/open . v  Banking /Finance 2.0:,,,,,,