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Egk 2012 stephanie deubler, giz

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  • 1. Migration – Innovation – Development egKonnect Addis Abeba 29/30-11-2012 Stephanie Deubler GIZ – CIM Project Migration and Development Page 1
  • 2. What is innovation? A theoretical approach from development perspective … not only world first, but also new on the local market or within a company. New solutions are also considered as innovations, when they are newly introduced into a market or company (a new context!).Important factors to foster innovation:• exchange, interaction• access to global trade flows, foreign direct investment, integration into international value chains  AND mobility of people, especially highly skilled 13/12/2012 Page 2
  • 3. What is innovation? A theoretical approach from development perspective Reinforcement • Improving research capacities; university education, TVET • Strengthening of innovative capacity of the private sector Bridging • Cooperation between scientific research and private sector and education system • Cooperation among companies Framework • Innovation policies and strategies • Incentive systems for innovation (e.g. taxes) • Financing instruments (e.g. for start-ups, research) 13/12/2012 Page 3
  • 4. Where is the link? How migrants contribute to the promotion of innovation… diaspora / temporary returnees returnees Indirect: transfer of institutional andInvestment and trade channels policy-knowhow • remittances • knowledge about business models • Joint ventures • professional networks abroad •„nostalgic products“ • research cooperation, guest lectures Direct: knowledge and technologyNetworks transfer • business networks • start ups • research networks • mentoring (business angels) • internationalisation of value chains • soft skills 13/12/2012 Page 4
  • 5. Where is the link? What are influencing factors? Country of Origin Country of DestinationRegulation of possibility to migrate Level of discrimination and acces to labour Reduction of human capital as no incentive to market and education systemeducation and qualificationEconomic and politic framework conditions: Possibility and willingness to integratefavorable investment climateSecurity (of educated elites): Influence on length of Quality of research institutionsreturnAdaptability / Readiness to learn of institution and Size of diaspora and networkseconomic actors: problems – control by government,lacking transparency, etc.Availability of ICT: facilitates staying in touch with Links to the country of origincountry of originWorking conditions: availability of material, Immigration policymachines etc.Specific programmes for the promotion ofinvestment and return 13/12/2012 Page 5
  • 6. Some examples Honduras, Armenia, Serbia, Program of Returning Experts Honduras Global ArmEN network of potential Network of highly skilled diaspora investors and diaspora relevant stakeholders in www.hondurasglobal.org Armenia Serbia Program of Returning mapping of highly skilled Experts (Migration and Diaspora; Diaspora Program) study on young Support of highly skilled returnees returnees 13/12/2012 Page 6
  • 7. Questions? Comments? Discussion! Thank you very much! Stephanie Deubler stephanie.deubler@giz.de www.giz.de/migration13/12/2012 Page 7