Egk 2012 boris buechler, slm

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  • 1. Integrating Climate Smartness intoSustainable Land Management The EU/MOA/GIZ Project of theGlobal Climate Change Alliance in  Ethiopia
  • 2. Effects of Climate Change→ Droughts and floods → Accelerated Land Degradation → Poorer crops and livestock productivity → Less food → Lower incomes
  • 3. Managing Climate Risks in Agriculture The new perspective of an integrated threefold approach Carbon  Mitigation sequestration Behavior and  Adaptation practice Livelihood Food security  and income
  • 4. Greenhouse Gas Emission Soil Eroison Contributes one third ofAgriculture global  greenhouse Livestock gas  emmissions Deforestation [Source: IPCC (2007)
  • 5. Mitigation Actions in Agriculture Increasing soil carbon Increasing forest cover Increasing vegetation cover Reducing livestock emissions
  • 6. No‐regret Actions for Adaptation Improve water use efficiency Conserve soil moisture Manage evapo‐transpiration Improve institutions
  • 7. Climate Resilient Development Design standards and regulations Investment priorities New crop varieties Infrastructure
  • 8. GCCA‐E Project objectives of the EU/MOA/GIZ Project Adaptation Development Triple Win Mitigation This can be achieved by practicing climate smart agrigulture
  • 9. Climate Smart Agriculture Synergies
  • 10. Sustainable participatory forestmanagement• Afforestation/reforestation of degraded lands  Nursery Development and planting  Physical and biological conservation measures;  Area Enclosure• Reduced Deforestation and Forests Degradation  Use of energy saving technologies  Sustainable Forest management
  • 11. Climate Smart crop production• Improving moisture use efficiency,  soil and water  conservation• Promotion of agronomic practices to improve soil   fertility and health (increased carbon sink) • Promote improved field and horticultural crop  varieties• Promote integrated disease and pest management  techniques
  • 12. Climate smart livestock production • Promote eco‐system adapted  livestock systems with stall feeding• Promote destocking through use of  improved breeds• Improve productivity, value chain  development • Use of lower emitting sources of  protein• Promote bee keeping activities
  • 13. Resilient and ample water supplies• Promote water harvesting technologies• Construct and upgrade small scale  irrigation schemes• Improve irrigation water use efficiency• Spring Development in rehabilitated  Watersheds
  • 14. Sustainability and ‘lock in’ mechanisms• Create an enabling environment at community level to  enhance Carbon Smart Agriculture • Develop farmer‐friendly incentive mechanisms and  guidelines for implementation• Support the establishment of appropriate institutions  and GCCA innovations• Buffer risks of farmers for adaptation  of new  technologies and approaches• Preparedness for carbon trade 
  • 15. Policy framework and innovative institutions• Development conducive Policy framework  conditions for the agricultural sector in line  with the Ethiopian CRGE initiative• Support the establishment of appropriate  institutions and GCCA innovations
  • 16. Climate Smart Agriculture a part of the Climate Change Solution