EGK 2011: Construction 06 ZIEGERT-ROSWAG-SEILER
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  • 1. Sustainable constructionSylvain Rocher, architectZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten IngenieureEthio-German KonnectAddis Ababa, 10.11.2011Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 2. TRADITIONAL BUILDING METHODS WITH EARTH AND BAMBOO Earth BambooZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 3. BAMBOOAdvantages of bamboo compared to woodZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 4. EXAMPLES OF TRADITIONAL EARTHEN BUILDINGS„PUEBLO DE TAOS“ USA, 11th – 15th cent.„MANHATTAN OF THE DESERT“ Shibam, Jemen, 3th cent.„ALTER BAU“ Germany, 1445„TULOU“ Fujian, China, since 15th cent.„LAND OF THE BATAMMARIBA “ Koutammakou, TogoZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 5. ADVANTAGES OF EARTHEN BUILDINGS – LIFECYCLE OF A BUILDINGEarthen building vs. concrete buildingZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 6. HUMIDITY ACTIVITY OF EARTHEN BUILDING MATERIALSHigh absorption / Storing of humidity in earthGraphic of humidity regulation capability Comparison of absorption inof earth plaster (top) and non–earth plaster (bottom) 24 h g /m2 50 30 10 2 6 10 14 18 Centre of Earth 22 Hours Brainstorming Berli g /m2 Centre of Earthen Building CEB Brainstorming Berlin 15th December 2009 50 Grafische Darstellung der Luftfeuchtesorption bei Lehmputzen (oben) und Nicht-Lehmputzen (unten) 30 Wasserdampfmoleküle in der Raumluft 10Grafische Darstellung der Luftfeuchtesorptionbei Lehmputzen (oben) und Nicht-Lehmputzen (unten) Anstrich auf Lehmputz 2 6 10 14 18 22 Humidity in the air in der Raumluft Wasserdampfmoleküle Poren, Porenkanal und Feststoff Lehmputz Hours Earth plaster Anstrich auf Lehmputz Cementauf Nicht-Lehmputz Anstrich plaster Pores in earth und Feststoff Lehmputz Poren, Porenkanal Pores in cement plaster Poren, Porenkanal und Feststoff Nicht-Lehmputz Anstrich auf Nicht-LehmputzZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure Poren, Porenkanal und Feststoff Nicht-Lehmputz zrs-berlin.de
  • 7. REGULATION OF INDOOR TEMPERATURE – HUMIDITY AND TEMPERATUREComparison of earthen buildings vs. concrete buildings 40 Indoor temperature earthen building 35 30 Temperature C° 25 20 15 10 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 2 4 Time of day At highhigh temperatures mudmud walls give humidity ThisThis causes cooling. At temperatures the the walls give humidity off. off. causes cooling. The The mud walls absorb humidity and and cool down over night. mud walls absorb the the humidity cool down over night. 40 Indoor temperature concrete building 35 30 Temperature C° 25 20 15 10 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 2 4 Time of day The The concrete walls heating up quickly. Heat is passing through. concrete walls are are heating up quickly. Heat is passing through. The The concrete walls, beeing heatenduring daytime, release heatheat over night. concrete walls, beeing heaten up up during daytime, release over night. Measurements by Hassan Fathy as well as Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten IngenieureZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 8. JAHILI FORT, AL AIN, ABU DHABIConversion of a historic earthen fort Jahili Fort Al Ain Groundplan before restoration 1:500 R o s w a g & J N 5,0 mZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 9. JAHILI FORT, AL AIN, ABU DHABIRebuilding of the rough work, completely made of historic building materialsMortar and plaster were soaked, earth blocks were stored and reusedZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 10. JAHILI FORT, AL AIN, ABU DHABIThe historic floor plan was reconstructed, exhibition is structured by lighting elementsHistoric, high-class, refined surface materials characterise aestheticsZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 11. 08 Lehmbekleidung, Steuerung Raumklima09 Passive Solarenergienutzung über Fenster HAUS MÜLLER UND RUTSCHKE, REICHENOW10 Low-energy house without ventilation system Wärmeversorgung über Fussbodenheizung11 Solarenergienutzung Solarkollektor12 Schichtenspeicher, integrierter Gasbrenner13 Zusatzheizung, Passivhauskamin 11 04 08 01 Building ground 06 02 Floor slab, cellular glas insulation, reinforced concrete 03 Walls wooden building, cellulose 10 03 04 Roof wooden building, cellulose 05 Floor construction ground floor, floor heating 06 Interior wall wooden building, earth 07 09 60° 07 Solid wooden board ceiling 08 Earthen facing, controlling indoor temperature 09 Passive solar energy use via windows 12 10 Wärmeversorgung über Fussbodenheizung 40° 13 05 11 Solar energy use Solar collector 01 20° 12 Solar storage, integrated gas burner 13 Additional heating, passive house fireplace 02 Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 12. HAUS MÜLLER UND RUTSCHKE, REICHENOWWooden building / Infill with earth blocksZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 13. HAUS MÜLLER UND RUTSCHKE, REICHENOWFloor- and wall heating / earth plasterZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 14. HAUS MÜLLER UND RUTSCHKE, REICHENOWZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 15. SCHOOL HANDMADE IN BANGLADESHZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 16. SCHOOL HANDMADE IN BANGLADESH Design of the school according to the principle „dry feet and big hat“ sectionloorplan 1,0 m 1,0 m 1st floor 1,0 m groundfloor Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 17. SCHOOL HANDMADE IN BANGLADESHGround floor walls made of 4 layers of cob,connection to the bamboo ceiling through stakes in cobZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 18. SCHOOL HANDMADE IN BANGLADESHBamboo rafterZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 19. SCHOOL HANDMADE IN BANGLADESHPrefabricated bamboo frames out of 3-layered roof rafter, earth fillingZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 20. SCHOOL HANDMADE IN BANGLADESH„Protected“ earthen class rooms on the ground floor,caves on the ground floor, bamboo class on the first floorZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 21. TIPU SULTAN MERKEZ EARTH SCHOOL IN PAKISTANDraftZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 22. TIPU SULTAN MERKEZ EARTH SCHOOL IN PAKISTANState of construction July 2011Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 23. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUEA School project for the Aga Khan Foundation in MozambiqueZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 24. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUERural life in the villageZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 25. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUEStudy of local building methods / Wattle and DaubZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 26. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUEStudy of local building methods / Earth blocks without damp-proof courseZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 27. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUEStudy of local building methods / Problems - rising damp - termites - inadequate roof constructionZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 28. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUE Habitat Initiative Cabo Delgado, Mozambique Life cycle of a Building /Khan Foundation (Mozambique) Aga Future of Housing - average life of a person in Mozambique: 43 yearshner - average lifespan of a building: 8 yearss - that can mean 5 houses per a lifetime - 30% of their lifetime houses are in bad conditions durchschnittlichepLebenserwartungiteines Menschen e ex ectancy of the inhab ants Lif 16 24 32 40 0 8 16 zrs-berlin.de 24 32 40 years Gebäudezyklus Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 29. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUETransformations Transformed Details elbissopmi noisivid lewod oobmab t uc 03 ac ABC 1+1=2 :O) 5 5 52 ac tsop 6mZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 30. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUETransformation / Foundation 1 1 9 elbissopmi noisivid 8 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 41 Wooden post, carbonised 1 Sundried earth blocks 1 Wooden post, carbonised2 Natural stones 2 Moisture barrier, plastic foil 2 Natural stones3 Mortar, stabilised 3 Earth blocks, stabilised 3 Mortar, stabilised4 Rammed earth 4 Rammed earth, stabilised 4 Rammed earthThe carbonised lower part of the Cement stablised foundation supports The carbonised lower part of thepost and the foundation with steadiness and in combination with post and the foundation withnatural stones benefits the resist- the moisture barrier it prevents dam- natural stones benefits the resist-ance against humidity and insects ages caused by upraising humidity ance against humidity and insectsZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 31. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUETransformation / Roof construction 2 3 11 3-layer bamboo rafter2 Half bamboo batten 1 2 23 Prefabricated palm leave shingles 3 4 3Compact roofing with palm leavesprotects against rain and overheating 11 3-layer bamboo rafter 1 3-layer bamboo rafter2 Fixed bamboo poles 2 Half bamboo battenZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure 3 Prefabricated palm leave shingles3 Dowel, connecting rafter with purlin zrs-berlin.de4 Dowels, fixing purlin to the poles
  • 32. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUEDevelopment of rafter (3-Layers)Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 33. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUEImprovement bamboo treatmentZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 34. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUERoof Construction made of bamboo trusses Habitat Initiative Cabo Delgado, MosambikOffener Lüftungsgiebel / Dachtragwerk, Pfetten und Dachbindern aus Bambus / Innenraum, gekalkte Lehmwänden und BambusdachOffener Lüftungsgiebel / Dachtragwerk, Pfetten und Dachbindern aus Bambus / Innenraum, gekalkte Lehmwänden und BambusdachBegutachtung derder Verbindung von Dachbinder und Pfette / Montage von Dachlatten / Montage der WerkstattBegutachtung Verbindung von Dachbinder und Pfette / Montage von Dachlatten / Montage von Dachbindern in von Dachbindern in der WerkstattZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure
  • 35. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUETraining of local peopleZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 36. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUEManualZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 37. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUEPrototype in 25 de Junho Außenansicht des Prototypen inin 25 de Junho Außenansicht des Prototypen 25 de Junho Bank- und Fensterdetails Bank- und Fensterdetails Klassenraum inin 25 de Junho Klassenraum 25 de Junho Schulkinder mit Sitz- und Schreibmöbel Schulkinder mit Sitz- und Schreibmöbel56 Projekte: NeubauSeilerZiegert | Roswag | 56 Projekte: Neubau Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 38. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUEFurther development to basic school typeZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 39. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUESimple school typeZiegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de
  • 40. HABITAT INITIATIVE CABO DELGADO, MOZAMBIQUE„Scaleability“Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure zrs-berlin.de