africa re:load 4 Hahn - Engineering Education Reform in Ethiopia

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  • 1. Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Dr. Hahn, Karola| E-Mail karola.hahn@eiabc.edu.et| EiABC innovation collaboration entrepreneurship
  • 2. Transformation and Expansion of Higher Education in Ethiopia The Engineering Capactiy Building Program and the IoTs
    • Dr. Hahn, Karola | EiABC
    • entrepreneurship
    Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Dr. Hahn, Karola| E-Mail karola.hahn@eiabc.edu.et| EiABC
  • 3. Engineering Capacity Building Program
    • Mulit-sector reform approach to foster economic and industrial development (started 2006, 104 Mio. bis 2014)
    • Bilateral German-Ethiopian project
    • 4 ecbp components:
      • University reform
      • Private sector development
      • Quality infrastructure
      • TVET
    • On.e
      • e-capacity development, cross-cutting activity
    Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution
  • 4. Ecbp – an ethiopian reform program Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution University Component Private Sector Development Quality Assurance TVET On.e e-capacity development, e-education,e-private sector development
  • 5. IoT Landscape Ethiopian Institute of Technology - Mekelle (EiT-M)
  • 6. Semi-autonome Institutes of Technology
    • Establishment of 5 IoTs at 3universities
      • Ethiopian Institute of Architecture, Building Construction & City Development at AAU (EiABC)
      • Institute of Technology Addis Ababa University (AAiT)
      • Institute of Textile, Garment and Fashion Design at Bahir Dar University (IoTex)
      • Institute of Technology at Bahir Dar University
      • Institute of Technology at Mekelle University (M-EiT)
    • 3 further IoTs in preparation
      • Awassa, Arba Minch, Jimma
    Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution
  • 7. Ethio-German bilateral cooperation
    • Governmental negotiations (2011)
      • 102 million euros was pledged to Ethiopia
      • Period from 2012 to 2014
    • Three priority areas
      • Sustainable economic development
      • Sustainable land management
      • Urban development and decentralization
    Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution
  • 8. DAAD Support of ecbp
    • 20 (mainly) German experts in place (2+4 model)
      • Scientific Directors
      • Managing Directors
      • Deans, Guestprofessors
      • President (Universities)
    • Ca. 40 more to come
      • Scholarships/In-Country Scholarships, Partnerships
      • Joint Programs (e.g. PhD)
      • DAAD Representative, DAAD Office open in 09/2011
      • Further support is discussed (e.g. Short term experts)
    Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution
  • 9. Qualitative Goals of the Reform
    • Institutes of Technology in Ethiopia provide comprehensive, practice-oriented and need-driven engineering technology education that contributes to the economic and industrial development of the country.
    • Upgrading of the sector and quality assurance
    • Changing student profile
      • 70 % of enrolments in S&T, focus on engineering
  • 10. Quantitative Goals of the Reform
    • Higher Education sector expansion
      • Increasing the number of HEIs (30)
      • Increasing the number of students
    • Establishment of
      • 10 Institutes of Technology
      • 2 new S&T Universities
      • Transformation of branches to Univ. or IoTs
    • Ucbp – University Capacity Building Program
    Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution
  • 11. Autonomy as framework for fast development and transformation
    • Autonomy within Addis Ababa University was granted to EiABC and AAiT
    • Autonomy Directive
      • Approved August 2011for EiABC and AAiT
      • Other Directives are under way
    • Autonomy
      • Governance, Academic Affairs, Administration, Finance
      • AAU has a supervising and control function
      • Mechanisms for implementation of autonomy are already partly in place
    Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution
  • 12. Reform focus within IoTs
    • Curriculum reform (quality, relevance, internat. compatibility)
    • Student centered,outcome oriented T&L, e-learning as complementary tool
    • Fostering (relevant) research & international collaboration, TT
    • Reform of governance structure
      • Implementing academic structures & coordination mechanisms
      • Setting up administrative structures
    • Reform, professionalization & automation of administration
    • Promoting a new institutional culture
    • Campus development, upgrading of facilities & machineries
    • Capacity development and HRD
    Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution
  • 13. Research, Education and Consultancy Services: Materials Research & Testing Center (MRTC)
  • 14. Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution
  • 15. Sustainable Urban Dewelling Unit (SUDU) Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution
  • 16. UNHCR Shelter Project Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution
  • 17. Addis Ababa City Model Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution
  • 18. ICE Addis Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution
  • 19. Needs from IoT Perspective
    • Financial and technical support for Entrepreneurship education and services
    • Integrated software systems for administration
    • Short-term experts (academic, admin, technical)
    • Scholarships
    • Top-ups for local salaries
    Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution
  • 20. Ethiopian Development Indicators Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Dr. Hahn, Karola| E-Mail karola.hahn@eiabc.edu.et| EiABC Indicator (Year) Rate Remarks GDP real growth rate (2010) 8 % (est.) Country comparison to the world: 19 (CIA Factbook) HDI (2010) 0.328 Human Development Index extremely low Rank 157 out of 169 countries and areas Annual average increase of 2,8 % (UNDP) GNI Per Capita 992 USD Per capita income is among the lowest in the world, 27.1 Billion USD in ETH, 946 Billion USD in Sub-Saharan Africa (World Bank 2011) Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 90% Suffering multiple deprivations (Standard of Living, Education, Health, Income Poverty) Additional 5 % are vulnerable to multiple deprivations, Education: 84 % (UNDP) Unemployment Rate n.a. Agricultural sector 50,7% of GDP caters for 85 % of employments (World Bank 2011) Unemployment Rate HE graduates ?
  • 21. Demographic Data Ethiopia Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution Indicator (Year) Value Remarks Population 90,873,739 (July 2011 est.) country comparison to the world: 13 Age Structure (2011 est.) 0-14 years: 46.3% 15-64 years: 51.0% 65+ years: 2.7% Median Age 16.8 years Population Growth Rate (2011 est.) 3.2% Country comparison to the world: 8 urban population: rate of 17% of total population (2010) Urbanization Annual rate of change (2010-15 est.) 3.8% Fast growing urbanization
  • 22. Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Name, Vorname| E-Mail Adresse | Institution Workshop | Weimar, 29. bis 30. August 2011 Africa Re:Load | Discover new opportunities for innovation and business
  • 23. After (Refom) Work: Teambuilding & Fun Africa Re:Load | Weimar 29./30. August 2011 Dr, Karola; Hahn| E-Mail karola.hahn@eiabc.edu.et| EiABC