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<ul><li>Researching Your Roots:  Family History Workshop </li></ul><ul><li>23 June 2011 </li></ul>
Where Do I Start? How to Grow a Family Tree
Genealogy Starts with You! <ul><li>Start with Yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>Record what you know. </li></ul><ul><li>Enlist t...
Forms to Help You Stay Organized <ul><li>Family Group Sheet:  Use to record information about individual families. (Ex: A ...
 
 
Genealogy Software
 
Gather & Copy Family Records, Photographs & Heirlooms
Wedding Invitation
Decorative Wall Hanging Commemorating a Marriage
Decorative Baptismal Certificate
Funeral Prayer Card
Gravestones
Church History From a Plate
Postcard of Church in Oliva, West Prussia
Postcard sent from Oliva, West Prussia to Chicago, Illinois
Telegram announcing the birth of a child
Gather and Copy Family Records & Heirlooms <ul><li>Newspaper clippings </li></ul><ul><li>Birth and death certificates </li...
Analyzing Family Papers Critical Thinking with Direct and Indirect Evidence
Examining Documents <ul><li>Direct Evidence  - information is explicitly stated without need for analysis. </li></ul><ul><...
Newspaper  Clipping Indirect Evidence: Mrs. Kellman’s maiden name was probably Levander.  Mr. and Mrs. Kellman were marrie...
Obituary from Fraternal Organization Newsletter Indirect Evidence: He must have immigrated sometime between May 8, 1884 an...
Citizenship Papers Indirect Evidence: Immigrated sometime before Feb 24  1894 Direct Evidence: Charley Levander declared h...
Direct Evidence: William Bandel died on 20 Apr 1908 He lived for 72yrs, 11mo, and 10 days Indirect Evidence: William Bande...
Birth Date Calculator  http://www.searchforancestors.com/utility/
Beyond Family Papers Census Records & Vital Records
Federal Census Records <ul><li>Mandated by the constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>First Federal Census in 1790. </li></ul><ul...
What Information Might I Find in Census Records? <ul><li>Names of parents </li></ul><ul><li>Names of siblings </li></ul><u...
Who was Recorded in the Census? <ul><li>1790-1840  </li></ul><ul><li>Only heads of household are named.  </li></ul><ul><li...
1840 Census Record Age ranges and sex are given for household members, but not names. Only heads of household are listed b...
1930 Census Record
Where Can I Find the Census Records? <ul><li>Subscription Databases  – Ancestry.com, Heritage Quest, Footnote.com, etc. </...
Using Census Records A Case Study
<ul><li>1930 census is a great place to begin your census research.  </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a relative who was alive in ...
1930 Search Result for Lorraine Black Click on the link to view the Original Image.
1930 Census Record Lorraine D. Black is living with her father, Ralph Black, his wife (presumably her mother) and her gran...
Create a Timeline
Create a Pedigree Chart Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 D...
Search 1920 census for Ralph Black who was born in Rhode Island.
1920 Search Result for Ralph Black
1920 Census Record Ralph A. Black is living with his widowed mother, Mrs. S.E. Black, and his brother, Raymond J. Black. M...
What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dor...
1910 Census
1910 Census Record Direct Evidence: Married for 28 Years in 1910.  Indirect Evidence: Married about 1882 Ralph A. Black is...
Keep adding new information to your family timeline
What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dor...
1900 Census Search Transcription errors can make searching difficult!
1900 Census Record Same household – next page Edward Black household
Compare information from previous censuses. Does the information match?
What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dor...
1880  Census
1880 Census Record More geographic detail is given for Catharine’s birthplace.  Terschelling is an island in Friesland, a ...
What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dor...
1880 Census
1880 Census Note the different birthplaces for John Black’s children.  Incorporate this evidence into your timeline. Edwar...
What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dor...
Census Search Challenges
Use of Initials
Middle Names & Nicknames 1930 Census 1920 Census
Indexing/Transcription Errors Correct in census.  Wrong in index.
Additional Search Challenges <ul><li>Census Taker Errors  </li></ul><ul><li>“ Misspelled” names </li></ul><ul><li>American...
For Hard to Find Relatives <ul><li>Try alternate spellings. </li></ul><ul><li>Try phonetic spellings. </li></ul><ul><li>Tr...
Citing Your Census Record
Vital Records Birth, Death & Marriage Records
Location, Location, Location <ul><li>Vital Records are generally kept at the county level, with the exception of New Engla...
Requesting Vital Records <ul><li>Usually kept at the county clerk’s office. </li></ul><ul><li>Use  www.vitalrec.com  or  H...
What Information Might I Find on a Death Certificate? <ul><li>Name </li></ul><ul><li>Date of death </li></ul><ul><li>Cause...
1972 Death Certificate Indiana
1888 Chicago Death Certificate
How to Find the Death Date <ul><li>Social Security Death Index  (Since 1962) </li></ul><ul><li>Death Indexes ( www.deathin...
What  Might  I Learn from Marriage Records? <ul><li>Names of the bride and groom. </li></ul><ul><li>Date of the marriage. ...
1910 New Jersey Marriage Certificate
1910 Chicago Marriage Record
Where to Find Marriage Dates <ul><li>Published or  Online Marriage Indexes </li></ul><ul><li>Obituaries </li></ul><ul><li>...
What Information Might I Find on A Birth Certificate? <ul><li>Name of child </li></ul><ul><li>Sex of child </li></ul><ul><...
1917 Chicago Birth Certificate
1886 New York Birth Certificate
Where to Find Birth Dates <ul><li>Best Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Birth Certificates </li></ul><ul><li>Birth Indexes </li><...
Other Sources of Information <ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Church Records </li></ul><ul><li>Military Records </li><...
Where to Find Help & Support <ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>929 Non-fiction section at public library </li></ul><ul><li>M...
Where Do I Start? How to Grow a Family Tree
1860 Slave Schedule
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Where Do I Start?

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  • Timeline 26 Dec 1868 - Evangelical Swedish Lutheran Mission Association congregation organized. (Note: Several name changes) 1869 - First edifice built at 280 N. Franklin Street. 1871 - Chicago Fire Church rebuilt at same location after fire. 1887 - Built large church at Whiting and Orleans st. 1926 - Moved to new chapel at N. Artesian and Albion Ave. 1946 - New sanctuary completed. 1951 - Commemorative plate produced. 1887 - 1941 - First Mission Covenant Church
  • S.E. still a widow in 1920 New address Ralph had a brother who was born in Rhode Island.
  • Husband Edward J. Black b. abt. 1860 in R.I. SE immigrated in 1866 married about 1882 Another son - Edward A. b. about 1889 in R.I. One of SE&apos;s children had died before 1910
  • Blue replaces (narrows down) gray entries.
  • Note sister born in Mass.
  • Note sister born in Mass.
  • Transcript of "Where Do I Start?"

    1. 1. <ul><li>Researching Your Roots:  Family History Workshop </li></ul><ul><li>23 June 2011 </li></ul>
    2. 2. Where Do I Start? How to Grow a Family Tree
    3. 3. Genealogy Starts with You! <ul><li>Start with Yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>Record what you know. </li></ul><ul><li>Enlist the help of family members. </li></ul><ul><li>Be skeptical. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for clues in family papers. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and search available records. </li></ul><ul><li>Record and document your research. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Forms to Help You Stay Organized <ul><li>Family Group Sheet: Use to record information about individual families. (Ex: A married couple and their children) </li></ul><ul><li>Ancestor Chart : Use to record birth, marriage, and death information for your direct line ancestors. Does not include space to record information about siblings, aunts, uncles (collateral lines), etc. </li></ul>
    5. 7. Genealogy Software
    6. 9. Gather & Copy Family Records, Photographs & Heirlooms
    7. 10. Wedding Invitation
    8. 11. Decorative Wall Hanging Commemorating a Marriage
    9. 12. Decorative Baptismal Certificate
    10. 13. Funeral Prayer Card
    11. 14. Gravestones
    12. 15. Church History From a Plate
    13. 16. Postcard of Church in Oliva, West Prussia
    14. 17. Postcard sent from Oliva, West Prussia to Chicago, Illinois
    15. 18. Telegram announcing the birth of a child
    16. 19. Gather and Copy Family Records & Heirlooms <ul><li>Newspaper clippings </li></ul><ul><li>Birth and death certificates </li></ul><ul><li>Birth announcements </li></ul><ul><li>Funeral cards </li></ul><ul><li>Old photographs </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Old letters and envelopes </li></ul><ul><li>Passports </li></ul><ul><li>Diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Family bibles </li></ul><ul><li>Yearbooks </li></ul><ul><li>Wills </li></ul><ul><li>Jewelry </li></ul>
    17. 20. Analyzing Family Papers Critical Thinking with Direct and Indirect Evidence
    18. 21. Examining Documents <ul><li>Direct Evidence - information is explicitly stated without need for analysis. </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect Evidence - information requires additional documentation or analysis to draw a conclusion. </li></ul>
    19. 22. Newspaper Clipping Indirect Evidence: Mrs. Kellman’s maiden name was probably Levander. Mr. and Mrs. Kellman were married around mid April of 1910. Mr and Mrs. Kellman and Miss Levander died after April 19, 1935 Direct Evidence: Mrs. Kellman’s sister is Miss Levander of Chicago. Mr. and Mrs. Kellman celebrated a 25 th wedding anniversary.
    20. 23. Obituary from Fraternal Organization Newsletter Indirect Evidence: He must have immigrated sometime between May 8, 1884 and Oct. 24, 1906. Direct Evidence: He was born on May 8, 1884 in Jonkopings, Sweden. He became a member of Yngve Lodge in 1906.
    21. 24. Citizenship Papers Indirect Evidence: Immigrated sometime before Feb 24 1894 Direct Evidence: Charley Levander declared his intent to become a citizen on 24 Feb 1896.
    22. 25. Direct Evidence: William Bandel died on 20 Apr 1908 He lived for 72yrs, 11mo, and 10 days Indirect Evidence: William Bandel was born on 10 May 1835
    23. 26. Birth Date Calculator http://www.searchforancestors.com/utility/
    24. 27. Beyond Family Papers Census Records & Vital Records
    25. 28. Federal Census Records <ul><li>Mandated by the constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>First Federal Census in 1790. </li></ul><ul><li>Conducted every 10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal information open to public after 72 years. </li></ul><ul><li>1890 census destroyed in fire. </li></ul>
    26. 29. What Information Might I Find in Census Records? <ul><li>Names of parents </li></ul><ul><li>Names of siblings </li></ul><ul><li>Places of residence </li></ul><ul><li>Places of Birth </li></ul><ul><li>Native Language </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. year of marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Month and Year of birth (1900 census) </li></ul><ul><li>Year of Immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Naturalization </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Marital Status </li></ul><ul><li>Occupations </li></ul><ul><li>Rent or Own Property </li></ul><ul><li>Native Language </li></ul><ul><li>War Veteran </li></ul>
    27. 30. Who was Recorded in the Census? <ul><li>1790-1840 </li></ul><ul><li>Only heads of household are named. </li></ul><ul><li>Family members, lodgers and slaves are enumerated but not named. </li></ul><ul><li>1850-1930 </li></ul><ul><li>All enumerated household members (except slaves) are named. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves were enumerated on separate schedules, but they are generally not named. </li></ul>
    28. 31. 1840 Census Record Age ranges and sex are given for household members, but not names. Only heads of household are listed by name.
    29. 32. 1930 Census Record
    30. 33. Where Can I Find the Census Records? <ul><li>Subscription Databases – Ancestry.com, Heritage Quest, Footnote.com, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Familysearch.org - Free web site sponsored by LDS Church. </li></ul><ul><li>Microfilm – Available at large genealogical libraries, National Archives and LDS Family History Centers. </li></ul>
    31. 34. Using Census Records A Case Study
    32. 35. <ul><li>1930 census is a great place to begin your census research. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a relative who was alive in 1930 and try searching for them. </li></ul>
    33. 36. 1930 Search Result for Lorraine Black Click on the link to view the Original Image.
    34. 37. 1930 Census Record Lorraine D. Black is living with her father, Ralph Black, his wife (presumably her mother) and her grandmother, Sienna E. Black.
    35. 38. Create a Timeline
    36. 39. Create a Pedigree Chart Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dorothy C. b. abt. 1903 in Illinois ? d. prob. bef. 1930 m. prob. bef. 1901 Sienna E. b. abt. 1861 in Holland
    37. 40. Search 1920 census for Ralph Black who was born in Rhode Island.
    38. 41. 1920 Search Result for Ralph Black
    39. 42. 1920 Census Record Ralph A. Black is living with his widowed mother, Mrs. S.E. Black, and his brother, Raymond J. Black. Mrs. S.E. Black was born in Holland. Raymond J. was transcribed Ray Morris J. by the indexer.
    40. 43. What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dorothy C. b. abt. 1903 in Illinois ? d. prob. bef. 1920 m. prob. bef. 1897 Sienna E. b. abt. 1861 in Holland
    41. 44. 1910 Census
    42. 45. 1910 Census Record Direct Evidence: Married for 28 Years in 1910. Indirect Evidence: Married about 1882 Ralph A. Black is living with his father, Edward J. Black and his mother Sybretekia(?) E. Family sources confirm this was her “ethnic” name. Two additional siblings are revealed.
    43. 46. Keep adding new information to your family timeline
    44. 47. What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dorothy C. b. abt. 1903 in Illinois Edward Black b. abt. 1860 in Rhode Island d. aft. 1910 m. abt. 1882 Sienna E. /Sybret??ia b. abt. 1861 in Holland ? b. bef. 1844 in Ireland ? b . bef. 1844 in Ireland
    45. 48. 1900 Census Search Transcription errors can make searching difficult!
    46. 49. 1900 Census Record Same household – next page Edward Black household
    47. 50. Compare information from previous censuses. Does the information match?
    48. 51. What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dorothy C. b. abt. 1903 in Illinois Edward Black b. March 1860 d. aft. 1910 m. abt. 1882 Sienna E./Sybret??ia Dekker b. April 1861 ? Black b. prob. bef. 1844 in Ireland ? b . prob. bef. 1844 in Ireland Ary Dekker b. Jan 1852 in Holland ? b. prob. bef. 1846 d. bef. June 1, 1900
    49. 52. 1880 Census
    50. 53. 1880 Census Record More geographic detail is given for Catharine’s birthplace. Terschelling is an island in Friesland, a province in the Netherlands. Sienna E. is enumerated under her middle name. Or is it really her first name? One of the children was born in Massachusetts. Might this indicate they immigrated through Boston?
    51. 54. What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dorothy C. b. abt. 1903 in Illinois Edward Black b. March 1860 in Rhode Island d. aft. 1910 m. abt. 1882 Sienna E./Sybret??ia Dekker b. April 1861 in Holland ? Black b. prob. bef. 1844 in Ireland ? b . prob. bef. 1844 in Ireland Ary Dekker b. Jan 1852 in Holland Catherine b. abt. 1833 in Terschelling, Friesland, Netherlands d. bef. June 1, 1900
    52. 55. 1880 Census
    53. 56. 1880 Census Note the different birthplaces for John Black’s children. Incorporate this evidence into your timeline. Edward J. Black is living with his Irish father, John Black, and his presumed mother Jane. Five siblings are also identified.
    54. 57. What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dorothy C. b. abt. 1903 in Illinois Edward Black b. March 1860 in Rhode Island d. aft. 1910 m. abt. 1882 Sienna E./Sybret??ia Dekker b. April 1861 in Holland ? John Black b. abt. 1813 in Ireland m. prob. bef. 1847 ? Jane b . abt. 1821 in Ireland Ary Dekker b. Jan 1852 in Holland Catherine b. abt. 1833 in Terschelling d. bef. June 1, 1900
    55. 58. Census Search Challenges
    56. 59. Use of Initials
    57. 60. Middle Names & Nicknames 1930 Census 1920 Census
    58. 61. Indexing/Transcription Errors Correct in census. Wrong in index.
    59. 62. Additional Search Challenges <ul><li>Census Taker Errors </li></ul><ul><li>“ Misspelled” names </li></ul><ul><li>Americanization of Given Names </li></ul><ul><li>Changing Surnames </li></ul><ul><li>Changing County Boundaries </li></ul>
    60. 63. For Hard to Find Relatives <ul><li>Try alternate spellings. </li></ul><ul><li>Try phonetic spellings. </li></ul><ul><li>Try searching for last names without first names, or vice versa. </li></ul><ul><li>Try searching by location without any names, but limit by age, location, and birthplace. </li></ul><ul><li>Try browsing images by enumeration district. </li></ul><ul><li>Try searching for your ancestor’s neighbors. </li></ul>
    61. 64. Citing Your Census Record
    62. 65. Vital Records Birth, Death & Marriage Records
    63. 66. Location, Location, Location <ul><li>Vital Records are generally kept at the county level, with the exception of New England records which are kept at the town level. </li></ul><ul><li>Need to know what county an event occurred in at the time when it occurred. </li></ul><ul><li>Need to know when counties were formed and when boundaries changed. </li></ul>
    64. 67. Requesting Vital Records <ul><li>Usually kept at the county clerk’s office. </li></ul><ul><li>Use www.vitalrec.com or Handybook for Genealogists to locate available dates and addresses. </li></ul><ul><li>Call ahead or visit web site to determine cost and preferred method of payment. </li></ul>
    65. 68. What Information Might I Find on a Death Certificate? <ul><li>Name </li></ul><ul><li>Date of death </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of Death </li></ul><ul><li>Place of death </li></ul><ul><li>Age at death </li></ul><ul><li>Date of birth </li></ul><ul><li>Birthplace </li></ul><ul><li>Occupation </li></ul><ul><li>Place of residence </li></ul><ul><li>Marital status </li></ul><ul><li>Name of surviving spouse </li></ul><ul><li>Wife’s maiden name </li></ul><ul><li>Date and place of burial </li></ul><ul><li>Name of the funeral director </li></ul><ul><li>Father’s name </li></ul><ul><li>Father’s birthplace </li></ul><ul><li>Mother’s maiden name </li></ul><ul><li>Mother’s birthplace </li></ul><ul><li>Military Service </li></ul>
    66. 69. 1972 Death Certificate Indiana
    67. 70. 1888 Chicago Death Certificate
    68. 71. How to Find the Death Date <ul><li>Social Security Death Index (Since 1962) </li></ul><ul><li>Death Indexes ( www.deathindexes.com ) </li></ul><ul><li>Gravestones and Cemetery Records </li></ul><ul><li>Obituaries from newspapers </li></ul>
    69. 72. What Might I Learn from Marriage Records? <ul><li>Names of the bride and groom. </li></ul><ul><li>Date of the marriage. </li></ul><ul><li>Place of the marriage . </li></ul><ul><li>Who performed ceremony. </li></ul><ul><li>Witnesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Groom’s name, age, birth date, birthplace, occupation, and address. </li></ul><ul><li>Bride’s maiden name, age, birth date, birthplace, occupation, and address. </li></ul><ul><li>Date and place the license was issued. </li></ul><ul><li>Father’s name and birthplace. </li></ul><ul><li>Mother’s maiden name and birthplace. </li></ul>
    70. 73. 1910 New Jersey Marriage Certificate
    71. 74. 1910 Chicago Marriage Record
    72. 75. Where to Find Marriage Dates <ul><li>Published or Online Marriage Indexes </li></ul><ul><li>Obituaries </li></ul><ul><li>Church Records </li></ul><ul><li>Pension Records </li></ul><ul><li>1900, 1910, 1930 Census (Approx. year) </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper articles </li></ul>
    73. 76. What Information Might I Find on A Birth Certificate? <ul><li>Name of child </li></ul><ul><li>Sex of child </li></ul><ul><li>Date of birth </li></ul><ul><li>Place of birth </li></ul><ul><li>Father’s name, age or date of birth, birthplace, occupation, and residence </li></ul><ul><li>Mother’s maiden name, age or date of birth, birthplace, occupation, and residence </li></ul><ul><li>Number of children born to the mother, and the number living at the time of the birth being recorded. </li></ul>
    74. 77. 1917 Chicago Birth Certificate
    75. 78. 1886 New York Birth Certificate
    76. 79. Where to Find Birth Dates <ul><li>Best Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Birth Certificates </li></ul><ul><li>Birth Indexes </li></ul><ul><li>Family Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security Card Applications (SS-5) </li></ul><ul><li>Church Records </li></ul><ul><li>Baptismal Records </li></ul><ul><li>Other Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Death Certificates </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security Death Index </li></ul><ul><li>Obituaries </li></ul><ul><li>Gravestones </li></ul><ul><li>1900 Census (Month and Year) </li></ul>
    77. 80. Other Sources of Information <ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Church Records </li></ul><ul><li>Military Records </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration & Naturalization Records </li></ul><ul><li>Cemetery Records </li></ul><ul><li>City Directories </li></ul><ul><li>Local History Publications </li></ul><ul><li>Published pedigrees in books and on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>School Records </li></ul><ul><li>Ancestor’s hometown library! </li></ul>
    78. 81. Where to Find Help & Support <ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>929 Non-fiction section at public library </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Family Tree Magazine </li></ul><ul><li>Genealogical Societies & Lineage Societies (MCIGS, NGS, DAR) </li></ul><ul><li>Offer workshops, conferences, publications. </li></ul><ul><li>Online </li></ul><ul><li>Rootsweb listservs and message boards, Ancestry Daily News, Genealogy Blog ( www.genealogyblog.com ). </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Genealogists </li></ul><ul><li>For your toughest brick walls or “on location” research, consider hiring a professional. </li></ul>
    79. 82. Where Do I Start? How to Grow a Family Tree
    80. 83. 1860 Slave Schedule
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