• Like
Referencing
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,572
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5

Actions

Shares
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Referencing
  • 2. What is referencing• A standardised way of acknowledging sources of information and ideas that you have used in your assignment• Helps avoid plagiarism (stealing of others ideas)• Enable readers to follow-up and read more fully the cited author’s arguments.
  • 3. Harvard referencing• Also know as Author-date method• Basic structure of Harvard reference includes:• Author(s) of publication– Surname & initial• Date of publication– Year of publication• Title of publication• Publication details – Place and name of publisher for books or volume, issue and page numbers for journals
  • 4. Two stages of referencing• Citation – Citing sources within text of essay (in-text citation) – Put brief publication details in round brackets () to indicate every instance that you have borrowed words or ideas• Referencing – Put the full details of all the sources mentioned in your work at the end of your paper
  • 5. Citation• Direct quote versus paraphrasing – Direct quotation – use someone else’s work word for word • Put the words quoted in quotation marks “” – Paraphrasing – put someone else’s ideas in your own words
  • 6. Details to include in in-text citationIf author’s name is not included in the sentenceput:Author’s surname, year of publication:page number e.g.In an analysis of equity and efficiency in public education, it was foundthat South Africa has elements of both a first world country, and athird world country (Crouch, 1996: 134).If author’s name is included in sentence put:Year of publication:page number e.g.In his analysis of equity and efficiency in public education, Crouch(1996: 134) stated that South Africa has elements of both a first worldcountry, and a third world country.
  • 7. Referencing• Full details of all the sources mentioned in your work have to be listed at the end of the paper.• Details included in a reference are dependent on the source type
  • 8. Referencing - bookAuthor(s) – surname & initial e.g. Glimcher, P. W.Date – year of publication e.g. 2011Title – in italics e.g. Foundations of neuroeconomic analysis.Place of publication – town of publication e.g. New York.Publisher – name of publisher e.g. Oxford University Press.Glimcher, P. W. 2011. Foundations of neuroeconomic analysis.New York. Oxford University Press.Note: The names of all authors should appear in the reference list to a maximum ofeight. Add “et al.” after the eighth name when there are more than eight authors.)
  • 9. Referencing - JournalAuthor(s) – surname & initial e.g. Fuchs, V.R.Date – year of publication e.g. 2000.Title of article e.g. The future of health economics.Title of journal – in italics e.g. Journal of health economics.Journal volume and issue number and page number or thebeginning and end pages if it covers more than one page e.g.19(2):141-157.Fuchs, V. R. 2000. The future of health economics.Journal of health economics. 19(2):141-157.
  • 10. Referencing – electronic journal with DOIAuthor(s) - Surname & initial e.g. Pons-Vignon, N. & Anseeuw, W.Date - Year e.g. 2009.Title of article - Great expectations: working conditions in South Africa since the end ofapartheid.Title of journal – in italics e.g. Journal of Southern African studies.Journal volume and issue number and page number or the beginning and end pages ifit covers more than one page e.g. 35(4):883-899.DOI - e.g. DOI: 10.1080/03057070903313236.Pons-Vignon, N. & Anseeuw, W. 2009. Great expectations: working conditions in SouthAfrica since the end of apartheid. Journal of Southern African studies. 35(4):883-899.DOI: 10.1080/03057070903313236.NOTE: A DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a unique number that identifies electronicdocuments. It can be used to cite and link electronic documents. A DOI is guaranteednever to change, so you can use it to link permanently to electronic documents. TheDOI will be given in the electronic journal record (see next slide)
  • 11. Article with DOI (Digital Object Identifier) DOI DOI is a unique number that identifies electronic documents. It can be used to cite and link electronic documents. A DOI is guaranteed never to change, so you can use it to link permanently to electronic documents
  • 12. Referencing – electronic journal with stable URLAuthor(s) - Surname & initial e.g. Siebert, W.S.Date - Year e.g. 1987.Title of article - Black trade unions and the wage gap in South Africa.Title of journal – in italics e.g. Managerial and decision economics.Journal volume and issue number and page number or the beginningand end pages if it covers more than one page e.g. 8(1):55-65.Stable URL - preceded by the word Available: e.g.Available:http://www.jstor.org/stable/2560525Date retrieved e.g. [2013, March 11]. Siebert, W.S. 1987. Black trade unions and the wage gap in SouthAfrica. Managerial and decision economics. 8(1):55-65. Available:http://www.jstor.org/stable/2560525 [2013, March 11].(Stable URLs are provided by the databases – see next slide)
  • 13. Referencing – electronic journal with stable URL Stable URL A stable URL offers reliable, permanent links directly to online content that is offered by databases
  • 14. Referencing – Electronic journal, no DOI nor stable URLAuthor(s) – surname & initial e.g. Moll, P.Date – year of publication e.g. 1996.Title of article e.g. Compulsory centralization of collective bargaining in SouthAfrica.Title of journal – in italics e.g. American Economic Review.Journal volume and issue number and page number or the beginning and endpages if it covers more than one page e.g. 86(2):326-329.Database – preceded by the word Available e.g. Available: Business SourcePremierDate retrieved e.g. [2013, March 12].Moll, P. 1996. Compulsory centralization of collective bargainingin South Africa. American Economic Review. 86(2):326-329.Available: Business Source Premier [2013, March 12].
  • 15. Referencing - Newspaper articleAuthor(s) - Surname & initial e.g. Byforde-Jones, C.Date – Year of publication e.g. 2003.Title of article e.g. Hitches over mixed farming wages.Title of newspaper – in italics e.g. Natal witness.Date – day of publication including pages number e.g. 2 May: 11.Byforde-Jones, C. 2003. Hitches over mixed farming wages. Natalwitness. 2 May: 11.
  • 16. Referencing – Online NewspaperAuthor(s) - Surname & initial e.g. Paton, C.Date – Year of pub e.g. 2013.Title of article e.g. New minimum wage ‘will spur overhaul of farming’.Title of newspaper – in italics e.g. Business day.Date – day of publication e.g. 5 February.URL – preceded by the word Available: e.g. Available:http://www.bdlive.co.za/business/agriculture/2013/02/05/new-minimum-wage-will-spur-overhaul-of-farmingDate retrieved e.g. [2013, March 5].Paton, C. 2013. New minimum wage ‘will spur overhaul of farming’. Business day.5 February. Available:http://www.bdlive.co.za/business/agriculture/2013/02/05/new-minimum-wage-will-spur-overhaul-of-farming [2013, March 5].
  • 17. Referencing – Newspaper (from online database)Author(s) - Surname & initial e.g. Paton, C.Date – Year of pub e.g. 2013.Title of article e.g. Farmers apply for new wage exemption.Title of newspaper – in italics e.g. Business day (South Africa).Date – day of publication e.g. 8 March.Database – preceded by the word Available: e.g. Available: LexisNexisAcademicDate retrieved e.g. [2013, March 5].Paton, C. 2013. Farmers apply for new wage exemption. Business day (SouthAfrica). 8 March. Available: LexisNexis Academic [2013, March 5].
  • 18. Referencing - WebsiteAuthor(s) - Surname & initialDate – Year document was produced or updatedTitle of publicationURL – preceded by the word Available:Date retrieved e.g. [2012, March 15].Dreschler, D. & Hallam, D. 2009. Buying land in developingnations: challenges and promises. Available:http://www.voxeu.org/article/buying-land-developing-nations [2013, March 5].
  • 19. Citation handbook• More examples of referencing other sources available in the Harvard UCT: handbook on citation• Handbook available from Libraries’ website on http://www.lib.uct.ac.za/wp- content/uploads/docs/harvard-uct-citation- handbk.pdf
  • 20. Go to: www.lib.uct.ac.za Hover your mouse on Research Help
  • 21. Click on Referencing help
  • 22. Click on Harvard UCT: Handbook on citation (2013)
  • 23. Citation handbook
  • 24. For reference examples - Scroll down
  • 25. Need more help?Contact: Maureen.Chiware@uct.ac.za