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Mark's Gospel 06-7 (v. 1)
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Mark's Gospel 06-7 (v. 1)


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Notes from the chapter on Mark's Gospel

Notes from the chapter on Mark's Gospel

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Mark’s Gospel
      • Examination of:
        • Author, date, audience
        • Key Themes
        • Jesus as preacher
        • Life of discipleship
        • Paschal mystery
    • 2. Mark’s Gospel
      • Mark’s Gospel does not reveal the identity of its author.
      • Many scholars believe that this author may be ‘John Mark’ - who was Paul’s companion and relative of Barnabas
    • 3. Dating Mark
      • Peter: killed in Rome in 64 A.D. by Nero
      • Another hypothesis: After Jerusalem destruction of the Temple in 70 Mark may also have been founder of church in Alexandria.
    • 4. How was Mark written?
      • Oral traditions , written collections of the parables, miracle stories, and other sayings of Jesus, outline of Jesus’ passion.
      • Geography is good in telling Jesus’ story:
        • Baptism in Jordan
        • Miracles in Galilee
        • Journey to Jerusalem
        • Preaching, Rejection, Crucifixion, and Resurrection in Jerusalem
    • 5. Key Themes in Mark
      • The Prelude (Mrk 1:1-13)
        • “ The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God”
          • Summarizes main themes of his gospel
    • 6. Continued
      • Second Issue:
        • Mark addresses idea of Jesus’ identity
        • Mark = Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God
    • 7. Jesus’ Baptism & Testing
      • Inauguration of Jesus’ ministry: his baptism -
        • Symbol of the Spirit
        • 40 Day Retreat
          • Parallel to Moses
        • Satan’s testing of Jesus
      • John the Baptist: Recalls Elijah to announce Christ as the Messiah:
    • 8. * Reflection *
      • Temptation of Jesus:
        • “Temptations are related to real and perceived needs, for example, our need for affirmation, for acceptance by our peers, for gratification of basic drives such as hunger or sex”
          • What are 3 needs of today’s young adults? What are some corresponding temptations to these needs?
          • When are we most vulnerable to temptations? What can you/we do to resist them?
    • 9. Mark 1:14-8:30 ; Jesus Preaches the Good News
      • Who is this man?
      • Jesus “taught with authority” (1:22), some followed and others raised questions
      • People recognized Jesus as something special, as Jesus conducted miracles along with his words
        • ( 1:27; 1:40; 2:1-12)
    • 10. Miracle Form
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Display of faith
      • 3. Jesus’ response to the person in need.
      • 4. Result: the person acts in response
      • 5. The reaction to Jesus’ cure
    • 11. Healing Miracles
      • Peter’s mother-in-law
      • Leper (1:40)
      • Man with a withered hand (3:1)
      • The woman who bled for 12 years
      • Deaf Mute
      • Blind man
    • 12. Exorcisms
      • Man in the Synagogue in Capernaum
        • 1:21
      • Raging possessed man in the Gentile territory of Gedara
        • 5:1
    • 13. Nature Miracles
      • Calming the storm
        • 4:35
      • Walking on water
        • 6:45
      • Feeding over 4,000+ people
        • 8:1
    • 14. Raising People From the Dead
      • Jairus’ Daughter
        • 5:21
        • All of these miracles are intimately related to Jesus’ proclaation of the reign of God.
        • Take, for example, the story of Jesus curing the paralytic (2:1-12).
          • This miracle illustrates the miracle form:
    • 15.  
    • 16. Miracles Continued
      • Play an extremely important role in his ministry, display of his power.
      • Jesus:
        • mastery over creation (nature miracles),
        • power over death (raising of the dead),
        • power over Satan (exorcisms),
        • overall proves God’s ability to cure the human condition (original sin).
      • Salvation: Taking place through Jesus
    • 17. Questions
      • What is Mark trying to teach us by way of explaining the miracle stories?
      • Do you believe in miracles today? Do you see signs of God within your own life?
      • What about God’s power in the world; do you see that? How? Explain
    • 18. Son of Man
      • Mark’s Jesus: accepts titles of Messiah and Son of David , as it refers to the promise made to the Jews & King David
      • Son of Man = Mark’s “favorite title” for Jesus
    • 19. Scriptural Background to Son of Man
      • Used to show difference between the poorness and weakness of humans in relation to God’s power and supremacy:
          • Isaiah 51:12
          • Psalm 8:4
    • 20. O.T. Connection
      • Mark 13:26:
        • “ Then they will see the Son of man coming on the clouds with great power and glory”
      • An echo to Daniel 7:13
        • Refers to the Son of Man as a divine/supernatural figure
    • 21. The Transfiguration
      • Mark 9
      • Peter, James, & John get a glimpse of Jesus’ future glory.
      • God reveals: “This is my Son, my Beloved. Listen to him.”
        • Similarity to the opening of Mark’s Gospel at Jesus’ baptism.
    • 22. Transfiguration
    • 23.  
    • 24. The Human Jesus
      • Mark: represents the most vivid portrait of the human Jesus
      • According to Mark: Jesus is a ‘warm and loving person’
        • Looks with love on the rich young man, even though the man cannot sell all to follow him (10:21)
        • Miracles: prove his deep compassion for those who suffer
    • 25. The Human Jesus
      • Jesus is also angry at times:
        • Mad when the disciples stop the children from seeing him (10:14)
        • When the apostles fail to grasp his message [parable of the sower (4:13)]
        • Profession of ignorance: when discussing the end of the world (13:32)
        • Jesus: curses a fig tree b/c its not bearing fruit, despite the face that it’s not the right season (11:12-14)
    • 26. The Human Jesus
      • Mark: shows all sides of Jesus, even if its not in the “right” light
      • Even his own relatives form opinions on Jesus (3:21) -
        • “ They set out to take charge of him; they said, ‘He is out of his mind’”
    • 27. Jesus: The Messiah
      • No doubt: Jesus = the Messiah -- BUT, Jesus acts differently…
      • 1st 1/2 of ministry:
        • Jesus miracles and actions -
      • Jesus saw himself as the
        • Servant-Messiah (suffering-servant)
    • 28. Messiah
      • ‘ Who do people say I am?’
      • And they told him, ‘John the Baptist, others Elijah, others again, one of the prophets.’
      • ‘ But you,’ he asked them, ‘who do you say I am?’
      • Peter spoke up and said to him, ‘You are the Christ.’
      • And he gave them strict orders not to tell anyone about him. (8:27-30)
    • 29. Continued
      • Mark’s Gospel: reveals Christ’s true nature:
        • Jesus is the “Suffering-Servant” prophesied by Isaiah centuries before.
        • He is the Messiah, not with a throne, but with a cross
        • His path: up a rocky hill to Calvary, not a gold or marble laden floor of a palace
        • Jesus: identifies even those who speak against him (including Peter) as ‘Satan’ -- one who wants to pull Jesus from his intended path
    • 30. The Paschal Mystery
      • The Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus
      • Our baptism initiates us into the paschal mystery;
      • The Eucharist re-enacts and celebrates it:
        • The paschal mystery, the heart of our faith in Jesus, is the climax of Mark’s gospel.
    • 31. Continued: [Mark’s Lead into the Paschal Mystery]
      • Scholars: Chapters 1-13:
        • Prelude to the story of the Passion
      • Passion stories: thought to be the oldest in community -
      • Mark: shows abandonment of all those around him
    • 32. Continued
      • Jews & Romans judge Jesus “harshly”
      • Soldiers and people mock him
      • “ My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” -- Jesus: God has abandoned me too
      • The centurion at end: represents all Christians; he acknowledges Jesus: “(truly, this is) the Son of God”
    • 33. The final hours of Jesus
      • 1. Conspiracy (14:1-2)
      • 2. Woman anoints Jesus at Bethany (14:3-9)
      • 3. Judas’ Betrayal (14:10-11)
      • 4. Preparations for Passover Supper (14:12-16)
      • 5. Last Supper (14:17-25)
      • 6. Gethsamane (14:26-52)
      • 7. Before the Sanhedrin (15:53-72)
      • 8. Jesus and Pilate (15:1-20)
      • 9. Crucifixion (15:21-47)
      • 10. Resurrection (16:1-8; 9-20)
    • 34. Anointing of Jesus at Bethany
      • Christ [ Christos ]: “the anointed one”
      • Woman, who really has a basic understanding of Jesus and a sense of basic faith, recognizes who Jesus is.
      • She recognizes who he is, when others did not.
    • 35. Preparations for Passover Supper
      • Mark: References O.T. story; the end is near (death is near)
      • Jesus: planning meal; he’s in control
      • His planning: represents his freedom and his interaction with humanity…he is dying on his own free will
    • 36. Last Supper
      • Jesus: prediction of his death; disciples are still confused
      • Jesus & disciples: celebrates final hours with Passover meal; sign of God removing people from Egypt
      • Paschal Mystery: new covenant, new rescue for humanity
      • Eucharist: Jesus comes to us and reminds one another to share ourselves with others…