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Mark's Gospel 06-7 (v. 1)
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Mark's Gospel 06-7 (v. 1)



Notes from the chapter on Mark's Gospel

Notes from the chapter on Mark's Gospel



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Mark's Gospel 06-7 (v. 1) Mark's Gospel 06-7 (v. 1) Presentation Transcript

  • Mark’s Gospel
    • Examination of:
      • Author, date, audience
      • Key Themes
      • Jesus as preacher
      • Life of discipleship
      • Paschal mystery
  • Mark’s Gospel
    • Mark’s Gospel does not reveal the identity of its author.
    • Many scholars believe that this author may be ‘John Mark’ - who was Paul’s companion and relative of Barnabas
  • Dating Mark
    • Peter: killed in Rome in 64 A.D. by Nero
    • Another hypothesis: After Jerusalem destruction of the Temple in 70 Mark may also have been founder of church in Alexandria.
  • How was Mark written?
    • Oral traditions , written collections of the parables, miracle stories, and other sayings of Jesus, outline of Jesus’ passion.
    • Geography is good in telling Jesus’ story:
      • Baptism in Jordan
      • Miracles in Galilee
      • Journey to Jerusalem
      • Preaching, Rejection, Crucifixion, and Resurrection in Jerusalem
  • Key Themes in Mark
    • The Prelude (Mrk 1:1-13)
      • “ The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God”
        • Summarizes main themes of his gospel
  • Continued
    • Second Issue:
      • Mark addresses idea of Jesus’ identity
      • Mark = Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God
  • Jesus’ Baptism & Testing
    • Inauguration of Jesus’ ministry: his baptism -
      • Symbol of the Spirit
      • 40 Day Retreat
        • Parallel to Moses
      • Satan’s testing of Jesus
    • John the Baptist: Recalls Elijah to announce Christ as the Messiah:
  • * Reflection *
    • Temptation of Jesus:
      • “Temptations are related to real and perceived needs, for example, our need for affirmation, for acceptance by our peers, for gratification of basic drives such as hunger or sex”
        • What are 3 needs of today’s young adults? What are some corresponding temptations to these needs?
        • When are we most vulnerable to temptations? What can you/we do to resist them?
  • Mark 1:14-8:30 ; Jesus Preaches the Good News
    • Who is this man?
    • Jesus “taught with authority” (1:22), some followed and others raised questions
    • People recognized Jesus as something special, as Jesus conducted miracles along with his words
      • ( 1:27; 1:40; 2:1-12)
  • Miracle Form
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Display of faith
    • 3. Jesus’ response to the person in need.
    • 4. Result: the person acts in response
    • 5. The reaction to Jesus’ cure
  • Healing Miracles
    • Peter’s mother-in-law
    • Leper (1:40)
    • Man with a withered hand (3:1)
    • The woman who bled for 12 years
    • Deaf Mute
    • Blind man
  • Exorcisms
    • Man in the Synagogue in Capernaum
      • 1:21
    • Raging possessed man in the Gentile territory of Gedara
      • 5:1
  • Nature Miracles
    • Calming the storm
      • 4:35
    • Walking on water
      • 6:45
    • Feeding over 4,000+ people
      • 8:1
  • Raising People From the Dead
    • Jairus’ Daughter
      • 5:21
      • All of these miracles are intimately related to Jesus’ proclaation of the reign of God.
      • Take, for example, the story of Jesus curing the paralytic (2:1-12).
        • This miracle illustrates the miracle form:
  • Miracles Continued
    • Play an extremely important role in his ministry, display of his power.
    • Jesus:
      • mastery over creation (nature miracles),
      • power over death (raising of the dead),
      • power over Satan (exorcisms),
      • overall proves God’s ability to cure the human condition (original sin).
    • Salvation: Taking place through Jesus
  • Questions
    • What is Mark trying to teach us by way of explaining the miracle stories?
    • Do you believe in miracles today? Do you see signs of God within your own life?
    • What about God’s power in the world; do you see that? How? Explain
  • Son of Man
    • Mark’s Jesus: accepts titles of Messiah and Son of David , as it refers to the promise made to the Jews & King David
    • Son of Man = Mark’s “favorite title” for Jesus
  • Scriptural Background to Son of Man
    • Used to show difference between the poorness and weakness of humans in relation to God’s power and supremacy:
        • Isaiah 51:12
        • Psalm 8:4
  • O.T. Connection
    • Mark 13:26:
      • “ Then they will see the Son of man coming on the clouds with great power and glory”
    • An echo to Daniel 7:13
      • Refers to the Son of Man as a divine/supernatural figure
  • The Transfiguration
    • Mark 9
    • Peter, James, & John get a glimpse of Jesus’ future glory.
    • God reveals: “This is my Son, my Beloved. Listen to him.”
      • Similarity to the opening of Mark’s Gospel at Jesus’ baptism.
  • Transfiguration
  • The Human Jesus
    • Mark: represents the most vivid portrait of the human Jesus
    • According to Mark: Jesus is a ‘warm and loving person’
      • Looks with love on the rich young man, even though the man cannot sell all to follow him (10:21)
      • Miracles: prove his deep compassion for those who suffer
  • The Human Jesus
    • Jesus is also angry at times:
      • Mad when the disciples stop the children from seeing him (10:14)
      • When the apostles fail to grasp his message [parable of the sower (4:13)]
      • Profession of ignorance: when discussing the end of the world (13:32)
      • Jesus: curses a fig tree b/c its not bearing fruit, despite the face that it’s not the right season (11:12-14)
  • The Human Jesus
    • Mark: shows all sides of Jesus, even if its not in the “right” light
    • Even his own relatives form opinions on Jesus (3:21) -
      • “ They set out to take charge of him; they said, ‘He is out of his mind’”
  • Jesus: The Messiah
    • No doubt: Jesus = the Messiah -- BUT, Jesus acts differently…
    • 1st 1/2 of ministry:
      • Jesus miracles and actions -
    • Jesus saw himself as the
      • Servant-Messiah (suffering-servant)
  • Messiah
    • ‘ Who do people say I am?’
    • And they told him, ‘John the Baptist, others Elijah, others again, one of the prophets.’
    • ‘ But you,’ he asked them, ‘who do you say I am?’
    • Peter spoke up and said to him, ‘You are the Christ.’
    • And he gave them strict orders not to tell anyone about him. (8:27-30)
  • Continued
    • Mark’s Gospel: reveals Christ’s true nature:
      • Jesus is the “Suffering-Servant” prophesied by Isaiah centuries before.
      • He is the Messiah, not with a throne, but with a cross
      • His path: up a rocky hill to Calvary, not a gold or marble laden floor of a palace
      • Jesus: identifies even those who speak against him (including Peter) as ‘Satan’ -- one who wants to pull Jesus from his intended path
  • The Paschal Mystery
    • The Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus
    • Our baptism initiates us into the paschal mystery;
    • The Eucharist re-enacts and celebrates it:
      • The paschal mystery, the heart of our faith in Jesus, is the climax of Mark’s gospel.
  • Continued: [Mark’s Lead into the Paschal Mystery]
    • Scholars: Chapters 1-13:
      • Prelude to the story of the Passion
    • Passion stories: thought to be the oldest in community -
    • Mark: shows abandonment of all those around him
  • Continued
    • Jews & Romans judge Jesus “harshly”
    • Soldiers and people mock him
    • “ My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” -- Jesus: God has abandoned me too
    • The centurion at end: represents all Christians; he acknowledges Jesus: “(truly, this is) the Son of God”
  • The final hours of Jesus
    • 1. Conspiracy (14:1-2)
    • 2. Woman anoints Jesus at Bethany (14:3-9)
    • 3. Judas’ Betrayal (14:10-11)
    • 4. Preparations for Passover Supper (14:12-16)
    • 5. Last Supper (14:17-25)
    • 6. Gethsamane (14:26-52)
    • 7. Before the Sanhedrin (15:53-72)
    • 8. Jesus and Pilate (15:1-20)
    • 9. Crucifixion (15:21-47)
    • 10. Resurrection (16:1-8; 9-20)
  • Anointing of Jesus at Bethany
    • Christ [ Christos ]: “the anointed one”
    • Woman, who really has a basic understanding of Jesus and a sense of basic faith, recognizes who Jesus is.
    • She recognizes who he is, when others did not.
  • Preparations for Passover Supper
    • Mark: References O.T. story; the end is near (death is near)
    • Jesus: planning meal; he’s in control
    • His planning: represents his freedom and his interaction with humanity…he is dying on his own free will
  • Last Supper
    • Jesus: prediction of his death; disciples are still confused
    • Jesus & disciples: celebrates final hours with Passover meal; sign of God removing people from Egypt
    • Paschal Mystery: new covenant, new rescue for humanity
    • Eucharist: Jesus comes to us and reminds one another to share ourselves with others…