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Land & a King

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  • 1. The Promise Land - And Its Kings -
  • 2. Introduction to Joshua / Judges  God remained firm in his friendship with the Chosen People  God: led them into the Promised Land & provided them leaders  God:  Defended them against enemies  Corrected them against sin  Gave them a strong king(s)
  • 3. Laying the groundwork for Joshua & Judges:  Ruth & her mother-in-law Naomi  David  Jonathon  The widow Ruth left her own country to accompany Naomi back to Israel to comfort and support her  God blessed Ruth‟s self-sacrifice  She would become the great- grandmother of King David
  • 4.  Jonathon:  Renounced his claim to to his father, Saul‟s, throne in favor of his friend David…  He has nothing but a deep form of friendship-love for David  The Bible has great stories of compassion/love/friendship -- but most importantly they show how these people were real, caring individuals
  • 5. The Books of Joshua&Judges:  These 2 books span the time from the death of Moses to the beginning of the monarchy  C. 1250 - 1030 BCE  Describe the move into the Promised Land & their relationship to the various Canaanites tribes living there  Joshua&Judges: Give 2 different accounts of how they enter and conquer the H.L.
  • 6. Specifics: Joshua  Picks up where Deuteronomy left off  Describes how the Lord helped the Israelites conquer the land of Canaan and fulfilled the promise made to Abraham  The book, named after Joshua  Joshua = „savior‟  Jesus: is a derivative of Joshua
  • 7.  Joshua:  Gives the impression that the conquest was swift  Characteristics of Joshua:  Yahweh fought for Israel  Israel not alone in its journey  Without God‟s help: the settlement would not have happened
  • 8.  The authors/editors: portray him to be without flaw; a perfect Moses  Like Moses:  Uses spies to see what‟s ahead  Practices the Passover meal before crossing a body of water  Had divine visions  Had ability to extend hands for victory in military conquest
  • 9. Is Joshua real??  There are many parallels to Moses -  Raises the question of whether or not Joshua is „real‟  Archeology: no support for massive destruction of Jericho  The book is „religious history‟  Intent: not to record events as they happened in that time --  But to make “theological statements about God‟s continuing fidelity to the covenant.”
  • 10.  Expectation of Joshua: to continue the covenant  To fulfill the will of God  Keep the Law by worshipping the one true God  He prepares for the battle(s), as well as prays to God for guidance/protection…  Joshua - Guided by God:  As long as you live, no one will be able to resist you; I shall be with you as I was with Moses; I shall not fail you or desert you”  Josh. 1:5
  • 11.  Joshua Chapter 2:  The sending of 2 spies  When there, hide with Rah’ab - protects from the king‟s men  She helps them escape - she is told to hang a scarlet scarf in the window they escape from  She would be spared in the coming attack  She „earns‟ a place in history…
  • 12.  The Canaanites: fear what is going to happen to them  The priests lead the way - and with the Ark of the Covenant being held up --  the water stops flowing  Was there a miracle?  Did an earthquake cause this?  Many legends/myths taint the ‘real’ story  What ever happened: God (the Ark) - led them into the Promised Land
  • 13. The City of Jericho:  Many scholars believe that it‟s the oldest city  Story: mentions crumbling walls…and God‟s description of how to bring the walls down…  Earthquake?  Maybe the inhabitants who lived there were not the original inhabitants?  Maybe they were just living there, occupying the city?
  • 14. Moving On…  They go to “Ai” next - they thought it would be an easy victory…  They were defeated, because they had not destroyed all the „goods‟ they captured in Jericho  Aachan - military leader  Killed as a result  Disobedience of God leads to death and defeat.
  • 15. Destruction / Looting:  The destruction -- they are all a result of God‟s will or God‟s plan  The practice of a complete destruction of a people and their goods was known as a ban or herem in Hebrew.  Proves: God‟s people put their trust in the Lord  This seems immoral for us today, but then it acted as a recognition of their devotion to God…
  • 16. End of Joshua:  Chap. 23-24:  2 Speeches:  One: appeal to be faithful to the covenant  Two: Return to Shechem to renew the covenant agreement  Shechem is the place where God came to Abraham to initiate the covenant agreement  At Shechem: complete a memorial to God and renew the covenant  Joshua dies shortly after
  • 17. The Holy Land & Its Tribes
  • 18. The Book of Judges  Reports of struggle with the native Canaanites - arguments that last about 200 yrs.  Archeology:  Points to several battles that gave the Israelites strategic strongholds in the land for later expansion  Judges: Points to this as an ongoing struggle
  • 19. The Book of Judges  1200 - 1030 BC - From the death of Joshua to the rise of the monarchy  Judges: come from the tribes; they are local, tribal leaders…  Function:  Defend Israel against enemies  Settle disputes within and among tribes  Call Israelites back to God (covenant)
  • 20. Continued  The „cycle of apostasy‟:  Israelites sin by worshiping false gods.  God punishes them by handing them over to their enemies  Israelites cry out to / pray to God for freedom  Yahweh has pity on them - and appoints Judges to save them from distress  Once a given judge dies, the cycle repeats itself.
  • 21. More debauchery…  Major abandonment: Israelites abandoned God for the gods of Canaan.  Fertility depended on the peoples relationship with the Baals and Astares (the gods of the Canaanites)  They believed that by imitating the gods, through “prostitution, drunken orgies, etc.”  They thought they could entice the gods to do so, and as a result the offspring would grow as would the flocks
  • 22. Abandonment of God?  Moving into the H.L. - there was not necessarily an abandonment of God, but a change in the relationship  They turned to their neighbors and the gods of Baal in the hopes of gaining more crops & livestock for themselves  Thus, they kept Yahweh as their personal God - but brought in the other gods to ‘help’ them in their farming
  • 23.  No similarities in the Jewish religion to that of the Canaanites  Canaanites: relied on magic  Israel: one God  The thought: Yahweh suppressed the other gods.  Yahweh: not affected by human manipulation  He imposed a strict moral code on his people, which outlawed much of the Canaanites practices…
  • 24. Deborah  Best remembered judge of this time  She instructs Barak to lead the army  Prophetic capabilities  She calls for a holy war - Israelites = victorious  Judges 5: repeats in a poetic form
  • 25.  After abandoning Yahweh again, they were attacked by the Midianites  Form of punishment  Gideon = new judge, despite him being too weak / unworthy.  Angel of the Lord: assured Gideon he would lead Israelites to victory  God: gave him the sign of the fleece to show Yahweh would protect  Following a number of victories: they want to make Gideon king --> as they chose him, Gideon creates an idol (statue)  Even Judges can do wrong…  God punishes his family for him being idalotrous
  • 26. Samson  Most famous  Not sure if creation of folklore or real  His mother = barren; then conceives him -- she vows that he would live as one dedicated to God:  A Nazirite  Source of strength: w/in long hair (legend?)  He tells to Delilah  She cuts his hair, he loses his battles
  • 27. Con’t  Real source, theologically, was God‟s spirit w/in him that allowed him to fight Philistines  Judges 14 - 16: talks about his strength and victories  Tore apart a lion w/his bare hands  Destroyed their fields by placing torches on the tails of foxes  Killed 1,000 Phils. w/jawbone of a donkey  Destroyed a Philistine temple (to Dagan)
  • 28. Historical-Fiction  Samson: good character to read about, but it also discusses his flaws as an individual  Much like the flaws of Israel as a whole  When he abandoned God: he loses strength  End: Israel is in shambles --  In those days there was no king in Israel, and everyone did as he saw fit.” (Jgs. 21:25)