Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Land & a King
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Land & a King


Published on

Published in: Education, Spiritual, Technology

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. The Promise Land - And Its Kings -
  • 2. Introduction to Joshua / Judges  God remained firm in his friendship with the Chosen People  God: led them into the Promised Land & provided them leaders  God:  Defended them against enemies  Corrected them against sin  Gave them a strong king(s)
  • 3. Laying the groundwork for Joshua & Judges:  Ruth & her mother-in-law Naomi  David  Jonathon  The widow Ruth left her own country to accompany Naomi back to Israel to comfort and support her  God blessed Ruth‟s self-sacrifice  She would become the great- grandmother of King David
  • 4.  Jonathon:  Renounced his claim to to his father, Saul‟s, throne in favor of his friend David…  He has nothing but a deep form of friendship-love for David  The Bible has great stories of compassion/love/friendship -- but most importantly they show how these people were real, caring individuals
  • 5. The Books of Joshua&Judges:  These 2 books span the time from the death of Moses to the beginning of the monarchy  C. 1250 - 1030 BCE  Describe the move into the Promised Land & their relationship to the various Canaanites tribes living there  Joshua&Judges: Give 2 different accounts of how they enter and conquer the H.L.
  • 6. Specifics: Joshua  Picks up where Deuteronomy left off  Describes how the Lord helped the Israelites conquer the land of Canaan and fulfilled the promise made to Abraham  The book, named after Joshua  Joshua = „savior‟  Jesus: is a derivative of Joshua
  • 7.  Joshua:  Gives the impression that the conquest was swift  Characteristics of Joshua:  Yahweh fought for Israel  Israel not alone in its journey  Without God‟s help: the settlement would not have happened
  • 8.  The authors/editors: portray him to be without flaw; a perfect Moses  Like Moses:  Uses spies to see what‟s ahead  Practices the Passover meal before crossing a body of water  Had divine visions  Had ability to extend hands for victory in military conquest
  • 9. Is Joshua real??  There are many parallels to Moses -  Raises the question of whether or not Joshua is „real‟  Archeology: no support for massive destruction of Jericho  The book is „religious history‟  Intent: not to record events as they happened in that time --  But to make “theological statements about God‟s continuing fidelity to the covenant.”
  • 10.  Expectation of Joshua: to continue the covenant  To fulfill the will of God  Keep the Law by worshipping the one true God  He prepares for the battle(s), as well as prays to God for guidance/protection…  Joshua - Guided by God:  As long as you live, no one will be able to resist you; I shall be with you as I was with Moses; I shall not fail you or desert you”  Josh. 1:5
  • 11.  Joshua Chapter 2:  The sending of 2 spies  When there, hide with Rah’ab - protects from the king‟s men  She helps them escape - she is told to hang a scarlet scarf in the window they escape from  She would be spared in the coming attack  She „earns‟ a place in history…
  • 12.  The Canaanites: fear what is going to happen to them  The priests lead the way - and with the Ark of the Covenant being held up --  the water stops flowing  Was there a miracle?  Did an earthquake cause this?  Many legends/myths taint the ‘real’ story  What ever happened: God (the Ark) - led them into the Promised Land
  • 13. The City of Jericho:  Many scholars believe that it‟s the oldest city  Story: mentions crumbling walls…and God‟s description of how to bring the walls down…  Earthquake?  Maybe the inhabitants who lived there were not the original inhabitants?  Maybe they were just living there, occupying the city?
  • 14. Moving On…  They go to “Ai” next - they thought it would be an easy victory…  They were defeated, because they had not destroyed all the „goods‟ they captured in Jericho  Aachan - military leader  Killed as a result  Disobedience of God leads to death and defeat.
  • 15. Destruction / Looting:  The destruction -- they are all a result of God‟s will or God‟s plan  The practice of a complete destruction of a people and their goods was known as a ban or herem in Hebrew.  Proves: God‟s people put their trust in the Lord  This seems immoral for us today, but then it acted as a recognition of their devotion to God…
  • 16. End of Joshua:  Chap. 23-24:  2 Speeches:  One: appeal to be faithful to the covenant  Two: Return to Shechem to renew the covenant agreement  Shechem is the place where God came to Abraham to initiate the covenant agreement  At Shechem: complete a memorial to God and renew the covenant  Joshua dies shortly after
  • 17. The Holy Land & Its Tribes
  • 18. The Book of Judges  Reports of struggle with the native Canaanites - arguments that last about 200 yrs.  Archeology:  Points to several battles that gave the Israelites strategic strongholds in the land for later expansion  Judges: Points to this as an ongoing struggle
  • 19. The Book of Judges  1200 - 1030 BC - From the death of Joshua to the rise of the monarchy  Judges: come from the tribes; they are local, tribal leaders…  Function:  Defend Israel against enemies  Settle disputes within and among tribes  Call Israelites back to God (covenant)
  • 20. Continued  The „cycle of apostasy‟:  Israelites sin by worshiping false gods.  God punishes them by handing them over to their enemies  Israelites cry out to / pray to God for freedom  Yahweh has pity on them - and appoints Judges to save them from distress  Once a given judge dies, the cycle repeats itself.
  • 21. More debauchery…  Major abandonment: Israelites abandoned God for the gods of Canaan.  Fertility depended on the peoples relationship with the Baals and Astares (the gods of the Canaanites)  They believed that by imitating the gods, through “prostitution, drunken orgies, etc.”  They thought they could entice the gods to do so, and as a result the offspring would grow as would the flocks
  • 22. Abandonment of God?  Moving into the H.L. - there was not necessarily an abandonment of God, but a change in the relationship  They turned to their neighbors and the gods of Baal in the hopes of gaining more crops & livestock for themselves  Thus, they kept Yahweh as their personal God - but brought in the other gods to ‘help’ them in their farming
  • 23.  No similarities in the Jewish religion to that of the Canaanites  Canaanites: relied on magic  Israel: one God  The thought: Yahweh suppressed the other gods.  Yahweh: not affected by human manipulation  He imposed a strict moral code on his people, which outlawed much of the Canaanites practices…
  • 24. Deborah  Best remembered judge of this time  She instructs Barak to lead the army  Prophetic capabilities  She calls for a holy war - Israelites = victorious  Judges 5: repeats in a poetic form
  • 25.  After abandoning Yahweh again, they were attacked by the Midianites  Form of punishment  Gideon = new judge, despite him being too weak / unworthy.  Angel of the Lord: assured Gideon he would lead Israelites to victory  God: gave him the sign of the fleece to show Yahweh would protect  Following a number of victories: they want to make Gideon king --> as they chose him, Gideon creates an idol (statue)  Even Judges can do wrong…  God punishes his family for him being idalotrous
  • 26. Samson  Most famous  Not sure if creation of folklore or real  His mother = barren; then conceives him -- she vows that he would live as one dedicated to God:  A Nazirite  Source of strength: w/in long hair (legend?)  He tells to Delilah  She cuts his hair, he loses his battles
  • 27. Con’t  Real source, theologically, was God‟s spirit w/in him that allowed him to fight Philistines  Judges 14 - 16: talks about his strength and victories  Tore apart a lion w/his bare hands  Destroyed their fields by placing torches on the tails of foxes  Killed 1,000 Phils. w/jawbone of a donkey  Destroyed a Philistine temple (to Dagan)
  • 28. Historical-Fiction  Samson: good character to read about, but it also discusses his flaws as an individual  Much like the flaws of Israel as a whole  When he abandoned God: he loses strength  End: Israel is in shambles --  In those days there was no king in Israel, and everyone did as he saw fit.” (Jgs. 21:25)