Johns Notes Continued

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Johns Notes Continued

  1. 1. Continued Notes Gospel of John
  2. 2. How was John written? •  Similar to Synoptics, because he uses a secondary sources. 2 Major Sources: •  1. Collections of miracles [“signs source”] ▫  7 miracle signs = same in synoptics ▫  Unique to John: changing of water to wine at Cana ▫  Unique to John: raising of Lazarus •  2. A version of the passion / resurrection narratives -- would have been in circulation many years before any of the gospels were written
  3. 3. Comparison to Synoptics: •  John 17:5 - Jesus’ recognition that he was present/existing w/God prior to coming into the world. •  Public ministry: set in Jerusalem, rather than Galilee •  Absence of the Kingdom of God motif •  Long discourses/dialogues rather than parables (though some stories may be similar) •  No diabolic possessions (& therefore exorcisms) •  Very restricted # of miracles (7?) - including the ‘unique ones.’
  4. 4. Random fact: •  B. de Solages (French): ▫  15.5% of John’s death and resurrection, parallels that of Mark ▫  The parallels to Mark in the Matthean and Lucan passion narratives would be four times higher
  5. 5. Similarities to Synoptics: •  1st: Similarity of John the Baptist & concluding with the passion & empty tomb •  Mark ▫  Sequence of events in John 6 and Mark 6:30-54; 8:11-33 •  Luke ▫  More in terms of wording/figures: Martha, Mary, Lazarus, & Annas ▫  Lack of the ‘night trial before Caiaphas ▫  3 “not guilty” statements in the Pilate trial ▫  Post-resurrection appearances in Jerusalem to male disc. ▫  Draught of fishes (Jn. 21) •  Matthew ▫  Jn. 13:16 with Matt. 10:24 ▫  Jn. 15:18-27 with Matt. 10:18-25
  6. 6. Themes
  7. 7. Theme 1: The Prologue •  The words: different than any other Gospel account •  John shows Jesus’ identity: as the “Word” which has existed forever •  Term “Word” appeals to both Gentile-Christian and Jewish-Christian ▫  O.T.: “the Word of God” = referred to God’s activity in creation [when God speaks, things come alive] -- also symbol of God’s wisdom [shown through prophets] ▫  Grk. Philosophy: ‘Logos’ was the spiritual principle that holds the world together. Others: Logos had knowledge of salvation
  8. 8. Theme 2: The Incarnation •  Chap. 1 Verse 1: Identifies Jesus as God’s pre- existing Word (who is God) ▫  Verse 14: God became human •  Doctrine of the Incarnation - mystery of God’s only son becoming truly human in Jesus. Jesus is “God-in-the-flesh” •  God: seen in Jesus’ love, power, & ‘radiance’ •  “Christ comes to us from above; he reveals the Father to us and takes us to him. ▫  Main premise of Theme 2
  9. 9. Theme 3: Testimony •  Prologue: John the Baptist is put into place •  JBap is to proclaim Jesus as forthcoming and ‘testify to his pre-existence’ •  JBap comes before the others who will proclaim who Jesus is in the remainder of the Gospel ▫  The Samaritan woman ▫  Martha & the crowd at Lazarus’ raising ▫  The 12 ▫  The ‘beloved disciple’ ▫  Jesus himself ▫  The Father & the Holy Spirit ▫  The 7 Miracles / Signs
  10. 10. Theme 4: Major Contrasts •  Presentation of contrasts found within the prologue: ▫  Light of Christ vs. the darkness (which refuses to acknowledge Jesus) ▫  Unbelief vs. faith in Jesus (which makes us the children of God) ▫  Truth vs. untruth
  11. 11. Book of Signs •  Synoptics: view miracles as God’s coming presence into the world. •  John: different concept. Reports 7 ‘signs’ (Grk: semeia) ▫  “marvelous events that reveal Jesus and his Father.” •  We can’t fully understand the ‘signs,’ only partially grasp what they are. •  Long discourse usually follows the ‘sign’ so the reader understands.
  12. 12. Sign One: Water to Wine •  Wedding: symbol of life •  Jesus: brings us new life (purpose of miracle to show this) •  Water: represents the old covenant & wine represents the new (St. Paul)
  13. 13. Key Discourse: Jesus & Samaritan Woman •  Between first and second ‘sign’ •  Jesus: ignoring 1st century Jewish norms… ▫  Woman is a Samaritan ▫  Woman is a sinner •  Jesus: speaks of ‘living water’ - new life; where the woman is. Woman wonders how Jesus could provide that, and Jesus explains… •  Jesus: reveals he’s the Messiah - source of eternal life.
  14. 14. Sign Two: Cure of Official’s Son •  Jesus’ word: enough to heal an official’s son from the town of Capernaum •  The boy’s father - his faith - made the miracle possible •  Intercessory Prayer: the Lord will notice and respond to our concern for others
  15. 15. Sign Three: Cure of the Paralytic •  Curing a man who’s been “lame” for 38 yrs. •  Association w/sin - Jesus is forgiving the ‘sinful’ •  Healing: Takes place on the Sabbath. •  Jesus: claiming to be equal to God. •  The point: Jesus is the source of life, must turn to him… •  (Jn. 5:1-47) -- We see John use the term “the Jews” almost to the point of anti-Semitism. Rather, it’s an expression John uses to clarify those who don’t wish to follow Jesus & give him a hard time along the way.
  16. 16. Signs 4 & 5: 5000 & walking on water •  Jesus feeds the crowd, but needs to escape - before they “make him king” •  “Bread of Life” discourse - explaining Jesus as this… ▫  “I am the bread of life. No one who comes to me will ever hunger; no one who believes in me will ever thirst” (6:34-35) •  Clear reference to the Eucharist. •  Father: source of Jesus’ life; Jesus: the source of our life (bread of life) •  Many abandoned Jesus - Peter and the 12 stay & trust him… •  Jesus walking on water: reveals, he is the Holy One of God
  17. 17. Sign 6: The Blind Man •  He obeys Jesus - washes in the Pool of Siloam and receives his sight ▫  Begins to believe in Jesus as the Son of God ▫  Does not criticize Jesus, despite he’s kicked out of the synagogue •  Message: Jesus is the light that has come into the world ▫  Some, like the Pharisees remain in the dark; unwilling to take and follow Jesus ▫  Jesus: ‘spiritual blindness is worse than physical bindness’
  18. 18. Sign 7: Raising of Lazarus •  It’s a foretelling of Jesus’ own death and resurrection •  On his way to Jerusalem: Jesus learns of his friend’s death. He’s waiting for a sign from his Father. He tells Martha that he is “the resurrection.” ▫  We see also: Jesus has emotions, is a human. ▫  He cries, prays in remorse and thanks God for answering his prayer •  Finally: Calls Lazarus out of the tomb •  “The Jews” response: Caiaphas - says that it is better for one man to die so that the nation will survive. Irony used…Jesus’ death: has indeed saved the people
  19. 19. •  The seventh miracle: ties the others together… •  Jesus is the way to life •  Jesus is the Resurrection •  Jesus is God •  Then, we must have faith if we want to gain eternal life.

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