What is a Tragedy?• An event causing great suffering,destruction, and distress, such as aserious accident, crime, or naturalcatastrophe.• A play representing the disastrousdownfall of a central character, theprotagonist, and also has a tragic ending.• Tend to begin with the singing of a chorallyric.
• Tragic Hero:–Tragic heroes have flaws, try toachieve a goal but are limited, doesnot have to die at the end but he /she must undergo a change infortune.• Examples: Othello, King Lear,Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, death in afamily, car accident, break-up , cellphone dies.
Father/Daughter Relationship• Act II.1.110-120• “That hath made him mad. I am sorry that withbetter heed and judgment I had not quoted him. Ifeared he did but trifle And meant to wreck thee.But beshrew my jealousy! By heaven, it is asproper to our age To cast beyond ourselves inour opinions As it is common for the younger sortTo lack discretion. Come, go we to the king. Thismust be known, which, being kept close, mightmove More grief to hid than hate to utter love.Come.”• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KA9rNLZX2G8&feature=related
Madness/Death• Ophelia represented the floral motif; beautiful but yetfragile• Ophelia death was a suicide not an accident.• "Queen: Fell in the weeping brook. Her clothes spreadwide, and mermaid-like awhile they bore her up, whichtime she chanted snatches of old tune, as one incapableof her own distress, or like a creature native and induedunto that element." (IV, VII: 190-195)• Ophelia, driven insane by Hamlets cruelty and themurder of her beloved father, plunges from a treebranch and then into a river.• "Gravedigger: Is she getting a Christian burial, eventhough she willfully took her own life?" (V, I: 1-2)
• "Gravedigger: For here lies the point; if Idrown myself wittingly, it argues an act,and an act hath three branches – it is toact, to do, to perform; argal, she drownedherself wittingly." (V, I: 9-11)• "If she hadnt been a gentlewoman, shewouldnt get a Christian Burial,"commented the gravedigger.
• Tomorrow is Saint valentine’s day,– All in the morning bedtime,And I a maid at your window,To be your ValentineThen up he rose, and donned his clothes,And dupped the chamber door.Let in the maid that out a maidNever departed more.By Gis and by Saint Charity,Alack, and fie, for shame!Young men will do’t, if they come to’ t.By Cock, they are to blame.Quoth she, “Before you tumbled me,You promised me to wed.”He answeres,“So would I ha’ done, by younder sun,An thou hadst not come to my bed.”- Ophelia. IV.V.47-65
Media/Entertainment• The story is so well known that there areelements all around us.– West Side Story– Titanic– The Notebook– Gnomeo and Juliet
Works Cited• Fallon, R. (2005). How to enjoy Shakespeare.• Chicago: Ivan R. Dee.• McAlindon, T. (1991). Shakespeare’s tragic cosmos.• New York: Cambridge University Press.• Mehl, D. (1986). Shakespeare’s tragedies an introduction.• New York: Cambridge University Press.