Sept 9 Notes (The West)

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  • Sept 9 Notes (The West)

    1. 1. The West
    2. 2. <ul><li>Undeveloped region at the edge of a settled area </li></ul>What is a frontier ? <ul><li>Open for development </li></ul><ul><li>Can provide adventure & discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Can be conquered </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Manifest Destiny </li></ul>1840s ~ Expansion Fever <ul><li>Belief that it was the American destiny to expand to the Pacific & develop it for future generations </li></ul>
    4. 4. www.sprocketworks.com
    5. 5. “ Great American Desert” <ul><li>Pre-1860, most did not want to risk moving West </li></ul><ul><li>Great Plains were arid (dry) and without forests </li></ul>Difficult to set up farms
    6. 6. Millions of people settled in the Great Plains and beyond after 1860. WHY???
    7. 7. <ul><li>Granted land to RRs </li></ul>Gov. Promoted Settlement <ul><li>Transcontinental RRs completed </li></ul><ul><li>RRs sold land to settlers </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Homestead Act (1862) </li></ul>Gov. Promoted Settlement <ul><li>Offered 160 acres of FREE land to anyone who would live on it and cultivate it for 5 years </li></ul>
    9. 9. Free land and RRs were BOTH needed to attract settlers! Settlers needed a reliable way to trade with the East.
    10. 10. Who went West? <ul><li>People of all ethnicities, but most were wealthy, white, native-born farming families </li></ul><ul><li>3/4 of migrants were men </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Much of the land was only suitable for ranching, not farming </li></ul>Settlers Faced Hardships
    12. 12. <ul><li>Natural disasters </li></ul>Settlers Faced Hardships Droughts Blizzards
    13. 13. <ul><li>Raids by outlaws or Indians </li></ul>Settlers Faced Hardships
    14. 14. <ul><li>Very few trees </li></ul>Settlers Faced Hardships <ul><li>Had to live in sod houses </li></ul>
    15. 20. <ul><li>Difficult to farm the land, and new farming inventions could be expensive </li></ul>Settlers Faced Hardships
    16. 21. 2/3 of settlers stayed, but many were angry by 1890 because they were not very successful
    17. 22. The End

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