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Oct. 23 Notes (Spanish American War)
 

Oct. 23 Notes (Spanish American War)

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Oct. 23 Notes (Spanish American War) Oct. 23 Notes (Spanish American War) Presentation Transcript

  • Spanish American War
  •  
    • 1825 ~ Spain had colonies in the Philippines, Guam, Cuba & Puerto Rico
    War over Cuba?
    • 1886 ~ U.S. invested in Cuban plantations
    War over Cuba?
    • U.S. became Cuba’s main trade partner!!!
    • 1895 ~ Cuban war for independence from Spain
    War over Cuba?
    • Cuban rebels destroyed American property to get help from the U.S.
    • 1895 ~ Cuban war for independence from Spain
    War over Cuba?
    • U.S. public opinion split
    Other Americans U.S. Businessmen
    • Spain created camps to keep people from helping the Cuban rebels.
    • People in the camps were starving.
    War over Cuba?
    • Yellow Journalism
    Causes of the War
    • NYC newspapers competed for readers
    VS. William Randolph Hearst’s NY Journal
    • Yellow Journalism
    Causes of the War
    • NYC newspapers competed for readers
    VS. Joseph Pulitzer’s NY World
    • Yellow Journalism
    Causes of the War
    • Papers exaggerated about the treatment of Cubans in camps
    • Sensational/Exaggerated reporting used to lure readers
  •  
    • 1897 ~ Pres. McKinley took office & tried to negotiate with Spain for Cuban independence
    Causes of the War
    • Feb. 1898 ~ De Lome Letter
    Causes of the War
    • NY Journal published letter written by Spanish minister de Lome that criticized McKinley
    • Americans resented the public criticism from Spain
    • Feb. 1898 ~ De Lome Letter
    Causes of the War
    • Newspapers exaggerated the letter
    “ The Worst Insult to the United States in its History”???
    • Feb. 1898 ~ U.S.S. Maine exploded in Havana harbor
    Causes of the War
    • Cause of explosion is still unknown, but studies show it was an internal explosion
    • Papers in 1898 blamed…
    SPAIN!!!
  •  
  •  
    • U.S.S. Maine explosion and yellow journalism brought increased demands for action against Spain
    Causes of the War
  •  
    • Increased demands for action against Spain
    Causes of the War
    • McKinley still tried negotiating, & Spain agreed to almost all U.S. demands
    • BUT…
    • Increased demands for action against Spain
    Causes of the War
    • Apr. 1898 ~ McKinley was pressured to send troops & Congress declared war vs. Spain to “protect U.S. interests” in Cuba
  • The End