Oct. 14, 2008 (Immigration Policies)


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Oct. 14, 2008 (Immigration Policies)

  1. 1. Referring to Joseph Keppler’s Political Cartoon, Does it seem as if the United States is welcoming immigration? Why or why not? What does the shadow behind the men greeting the immigrant represent? What do you think has changed ? Explain.
  2. 2. Immigration Policies
  3. 3. <ul><li>A blend of different cultures & races </li></ul>Melting Pot <ul><li>Immigrants left behind old customs to take on “American ways” (assimilation) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>A blend of different cultures & races </li></ul>Melting Pot <ul><li>At the same time, pieces of many imm. cultures were creating a new “American” culture </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>A blend of different cultures & races </li></ul>Melting Pot <ul><li>The “hyphenated-American” was created (Ex. Italian-American) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Most immigrants dealt with confusion & anxiety from sudden exposure to a new culture they didn’t understand </li></ul>Culture Shock
  7. 7. <ul><li>Immigrants coped by creating… </li></ul>Culture Shock <ul><li>Ethnic communities </li></ul><ul><li>Churches </li></ul><ul><li>Social clubs </li></ul><ul><li>Aid societies </li></ul><ul><li>Native lang. newspapers </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Favoritism toward native-born Americans </li></ul>Nativism <ul><li>Grew because of… </li></ul><ul><li>Fear & suspicion of imms. who held onto native customs </li></ul><ul><li>Competition for labor </li></ul>
  9. 9. “ Manufacturers valued immigrants not out of the goodness of their hearts, but because they wanted the cheap labor immigrants provided. Even the Chinese…received praise from railroad Robber-Baron Leland Stanford for being diligent workers able to survive on very low wages. The result of the fairly free immigration policy, pushed by big corporations in search of cheap labor, resulted in a more ethnically diverse America .” http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/gildedage/section5.rhtml
  10. 10. “… cheap labor, ignorant labor, takes our jobs and cuts our wages.” ~ Samuel Gompers
  11. 11. “ The result of unlimited immigration is showing plainly in the rapid decline in the birth rate of native Americans… [who] will not bring children into the world to compete in the labor market with the Slovak, the Italian, the Syrian, and the Jew. The native American is too proud to mix socially with them.” ~ Madison Grant
  12. 12. <ul><li>Led to… </li></ul>Nativism <ul><li>Prejudice & discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration restriction policies from the government </li></ul><ul><li>1917 ~ Literacy test </li></ul>
  13. 13. “… the new immigrants [contain] a large…number of the weak, the broken and the mentally crippled of all races drawn from the lowest [levels] of the Mediterranean basin and the Balkans, together with hordes of the wretched, submerged populations of the Polish ghettos. Our jails, insane asylums and almshouses are filled with this human flotsam...” ~ Madison Grant
  14. 14. <ul><li>Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) </li></ul>Restriction Laws <ul><li>Banned Chinese immigration for 10 years </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Gentleman’s Agreement (1907-1908) </li></ul>Restriction Laws <ul><li>Japan agreed to limit immigration if U.S. gov. would stop discrimination vs. Japanese in America </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>National Origins Acts (1921&1924) </li></ul>Restriction Laws <ul><li>Set the max. # of people (quota) who could enter the U.S. from any one European country </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>National Origins Acts (1921&1924) </li></ul>Restriction Laws <ul><li>Quota based on the population from that country in the U.S. in 1890 </li></ul><ul><li>Discriminated vs. Southern & Eastern Europeans </li></ul>
  18. 18. The End