Nov. 19 Notes (Prgressive Presidents & Results)

2,690
-1

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,690
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Nov. 19 Notes (Prgressive Presidents & Results)

    1. 1. Progressive Presidents
    2. 2. 3 Progressive Presidents Theodore Roosevelt (R) (1901-1909)
    3. 3. Theodore Roosevelt <ul><li>“ Accidental” President </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Takes over with McKinley’s assassination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Youngest President Ever </li></ul><ul><ul><li>42 years old </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spanish American War Hero </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rough Riders & San Juan Hill </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avid Hunter … “Teddy Bear” </li></ul>
    4. 4. 3 Progressive Presidents William Howard Taft (R) (1909-1913)
    5. 5. William Howard Taft <ul><li>One of the largest Presidents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allegedly got stuck in White House bathtub (approx. 350lbs) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Was in all 3 branches of govt. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proudest of Supreme Court </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Starts custom of throwing out the 1 st pitch of major league baseball season. </li></ul>
    6. 6. 3 Progressive Presidents Woodrow Wilson (D) (1913-1921)
    7. 7. Woodrow Wilson <ul><li>One of the most educated presidents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduate of Princeton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Went to Law School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PhD in Political Science </li></ul></ul><ul><li>President of Princeton University, later Governor of New Jersey </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Heart of Progressivism belief that government is responsible for protecting social welfare (common good) </li></ul>Government Protection Government Protection
    9. 9. <ul><li>TR’s domestic policy </li></ul>“ Square Deal” <ul><li>Use progressive reforms to balance the interests of business, labor, and consumers to give everyone a fair and equal chance </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Known as a “TRUSTBUSTER” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Enforced Sherman Anti-Trust Act </li></ul><ul><li>-- Gave “teeth” to Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) </li></ul><ul><li>Meat Inspection Act </li></ul><ul><li>Pure Food & Drug Act </li></ul><ul><li>Protected Environment (conserved land w/ parks) </li></ul>TR’s Accomplishments
    11. 11. <ul><li>TR promised not to run for re-election in 1908 </li></ul>Taft Becomes President <ul><li>Hand-picked Taft to be his successor </li></ul><ul><li>Taft used power cautiously and made blunders </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Regulates more Trusts than Roosevelt </li></ul>Taft’s Accomplishments <ul><li>Roosevelt gets more credit though </li></ul>Taft never gets out of TR’s shadow Not Progressive enough for TR
    13. 13. <ul><li>TR was unhappy with Taft and tried to get the Republican nomination </li></ul>Election of 1912 <ul><li>TR vs. Taft vs. Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>Republican vote split and Wilson became president </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>Wilson’s domestic policy </li></ul>“ New Freedom” <ul><li>Use of federal govt.’s power to attack trusts, reduce tariffs, and reform banks </li></ul>
    15. 15. Results of the Progressive Era
    16. 16. Progressive Amendments <ul><li>16 th ~ Graduated Income Tax </li></ul><ul><li>17 th ~ Direct Election of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>18 th ~ Prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>19 th ~ Women’s Suffrage </li></ul>
    17. 17. Goal: Promote Democracy <ul><li>17 th ~ Direct Election of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>19 th ~ Women’s Suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>Political machines lose power, citizens have more control </li></ul><ul><li>-- Recall, Referendum, </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative, & Secret Ballot </li></ul>
    18. 18. Goal: Protect Social Welfare <ul><li>18 th ~ Prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>Muckrakers expose problems. New laws get passed: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restrictions on Child Labor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food Safety </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Housing, Fire, & Sanitation Codes </li></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Goal: Economic Reform <ul><li>16 th ~ Graduated Income Tax </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Govt. gets money from the people based on income </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can lower Tariffs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Monopolies are broken up </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lower Prices; Higher Quality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Better wages & Conditions </li></ul></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Failures of Progressivism: <ul><li>Deals with problems of Urbanization & Industrialization. </li></ul><ul><li>Does not address: </li></ul><ul><li>African American Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Jim Crow and Lynchings) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Farmers problems </li></ul><ul><li>Non-unionized workers </li></ul>
    21. 21. The End

    ×