• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content

Loading…

Flash Player 9 (or above) is needed to view presentations.
We have detected that you do not have it on your computer. To install it, go here.

Like this presentation? Why not share!

Verb

on

  • 1,682 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,682
Views on SlideShare
1,681
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
121
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

https://online.ivytech.edu 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Verb Verb Presentation Transcript

    • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • by Rachel Bar Yosef
    • A Note to Students and Teachers: These lessons are not intended to Introduce you to the English verb system. Use them as a review of what you’ve already learned.
    • Are English Verbs “Ichsa”?
      • Are you miserable because you make mistakes with English verbs?
      • Do you think you will never be able to learn?
      • Are you sorry you didn’t listen to your teacher?
    • It’s not really so hard!!!
      • You CAN speak and write good English
      • You CAN get good grades on English exams.
      • You only have to learn a few simple rules.
      • Are you ready to LEARN and PRACTICE?
    • LESSON 1 An Overview
    • We talk a lot in these lessons about V 1, V 2, and V 3. What in the world are V 1, V 2, and V 3 ?
    • Does this look familiar?
        • eat ate eaten
        • fall fell fallen
        • fly flew flown
      • This is the table of irregular verbs that we know and love!
      • V 1 is the first column (“eat”, ,( צורת המקור
      • V 2 is the second column (“ate”, past simple form),
      • V 3 is the third column (“eaten”, called—oh well, V 3 )
      • Lots of people forget that a verb that ends in “d” or “ed” doesn’t have to be a verb in the simple past.
      • Maybe it’s a regular verb in V 3 DISGUISED as a simple past verb.
      • For example:
      • love loved loved
      • hate hated hated
      • worry worried worried
    • 5 Verb Formulas
      • be + ing ( progressive )-- He was cry ing .
      • be + V 3 ( passive )-- He was beaten .
      • Four men were killed .
      • have + V 3 ( perfect )-- I have already eaten .
      • do + V1 ( simple )-- Do you love me?
      • I don’t hate you.
      • modal + V 1 ( modal )-- I can wait .
      © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • be
      • is, am, are was, were
      • 1. be + Ving ( progressive )
      • The bus is com ing .
      • We were wait ing .
      • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • be
      • is, am, are was, were
      • 2. be + V 3 ( passive )
      • Our mother was invit ed .
      • Many promises were broken .
      • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • have
      • has, have had
      • have + V 3 ( perfect )
      • You have broken your promise.
      • Our friendship has survive d .
      • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • do
      • do, does did
      • do + V1 ( simple )
      • I do n’t enjoy homework.
      • Do you like school?
      • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • modals
      • shall, will, should, would, may,
      • might, must, can, could, ought
      • modal + V 1 ( modal )
      • Miri can speak four languages.
      • We must finish .
      • Would you like some coffee?
      • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • This is the end of Lesson 1
    • © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • by Rachel Bar Yosef
    •  
    • do
      • do, does did
      • do + V1 ( simple )
      • I do n’t enjoy homework.
      • Do you like school?
    • A special note about DO :
      • We say that do is the helping verb for
      • the “ simple ” tenses, but if they’re
      • “ simple”, then so is making peace with
      • our neighbors!
      • Pay attention:
    • With PRESENT SIMPLE and PAST SIMPLE ONLY :
      • In present simple and past simple , there are 3 kinds of sentences:
        • POSITIVE (+) Harry understand s Amharic.
        • NEGATIVE (-) Jill doesn’t understand Amharic.
        • QUESTION (?) Does Jill understand French?
      • What’s going on here????
      • In ( + ), the verb really has 2 jobs:
        • 1) MEANING ( UNDERSTAND S ( להבין --
        • 2) GRAMMAR ( UNDERSTAND S ), which includes:
          • Time (understand s , not under stood ;
          • “ מבין” ולא “הבין” )
          • Number -- “understand s ” can’t be רבים
          • (think of he/she/it, which are all ( יחיד
          • Person -- “understand s ” can’t be first person (I understands???) or second person (you understands????)
    • ב ( + ) הפועל מקבל על עצמו את שני התפקידים -- הן משמעות HARRY DREAMS ) ) והן דקדוק . . ב ( - ) ו ( ? ) יש פיצול © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • Now do you understand why the main verb must always be בצורת המקור ?
    • Let’s Practice....
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • “ Shlomi loves computers. Before his father bought him a computer, he thought he would never be able to learn. He didn’t ________ he was clever enough. But now he’s a real professional!”
      • “ If Shlomi didn’t _________ computers to begin with, why did his father ________ him a computer?”
      • “ He __________ to encourage him. He knew that computers can be a wonderful help with schoolwork.”
    • Let’s Practice....
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • “ Shlomi loves computers. Before his father bought him a computer, he thought he would never be able to learn. He didn’t _ think __ he was clever enough. But now he’s a real professional!”
      • “ If Shlomi didn’t __ like ___ computers to begin with, why did his father ___ buy __ him a computer?”
      • “ He _ wanted ___ to encourage him. He knew that computers can be a wonderful help with schoolwork.”
    • Let’s Practice....
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • “ Hello, Mom? I have a problem. I left my keys at home this morning.”
      • “ Where did you ____________ them?”
      • “ I ___________ them on the table. __________ you see them?”
      • “ Yes, but you _________ have to worry. I won’t lock the door.”
    • Let’s Practice....
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • “ Hello, Mom? I have a problem. I left my keys at home this morning.”
      • “ Where did you ___ leave ____ them?”
      • “ I ___ left ____ them on the table. _ Can or Do _ you see them?”
      • “ Yes, but you __ don’t __ have to worry. I won’t lock the door.”
    • BUT
      • Don’t think BE /HAVE /DO can only
      • be helping verbs .( פועלי עזר )
      • Often they are main verbs .( הפועל העיקרי )
    • be / have /do as main verbs:
      • You are being stupid!
      • Dan has had too many absences.
      • What did you do last night?
    • In the following passage, write “HV” in the parentheses after a H elping V erb. If the word isn’t a helping verb, DON’T WRITE ANYTHING.
      • My parents never listen to me. Sometimes they want me to do ( ) something that I don’t ( ) want to
      • do ( ), or else they want me to not do ( ) what I do ( ) want. I have ( ) always been ( ) jealous of Moshe. His parents are ( ) so understanding! He doesn’t ( ) have ( ) any problems with them. They’re ( ) young, and patient, and they remember what it was ( ) like to be ( ) young. Moshe
      • has ( ) never had ( ) any problems with his parents. Not like me. Moshe has ( ) all the luck, and I don’t ( ) have ( ) any. And I never do ( ) anything right!
      • My parents never listen to me. Sometimes they want me to do ( ) something that I don’t ( HV ) want to
      • do ( ), or else they want me to not do ( ) what I do ( HV ) want. I have ( HV ) always been ( ) jealous of Moshe. His parents are ( ) so understanding! He doesn’t ( HV ) have ( ) any problems with them. They’re ( ) young, and patient, and they remember what it was ( ) like to be ( ) young. Moshe has ( HV ) never had ( ) any problems with his parents. Not like me. Moshe has ( ) all the luck, and I don’t ( HV ) have ( ) any. And I never do ( ) anything right!
    • This is the end of Lesson 2
    •  
    • by Rachel Bar Yosef
    • LESSON 3 A Few Words About Modals and Semi-Modals
    • modals
      • shall, will, should, would, may,
      • might, must, can, could, ought
      • modal + V 1 ( modal )
      • Miri can speak four languages.
      • We must finish .
      • Would you like some coffee?
      • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • A NOTE ABOUT SEMI-MODALS
      • You shouldn’t--indeed, you can’t--use “can” in the past or in the future tense.
      • Use a form of “be able to” instead, or (in past tense), use “could”.
      • Examples: I can’t speak Russian.
      • I was able to or could speak it when I was young.
      • I will be able to speak it again after my trip to Moscow.
    • A NOTE ABOUT SEMI-MODALS
      • Another way to say “must” is “have to” (they both mean the same thing). In fact, in negative sentences (-), questions (?), and in the past or future tenses, you can’t use “ must ”; you have to use “ have to ”.
      • Example: I must hurry. I have to hurry.
      • You don’t have to hurry.
      • She had to hurry so that she wouldn’t be late.
    • Let’s Practice....
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • “ Shirli, must you play the radio so loud?”
      • “ What __________ you say?”
      • “ Do you _____ ____ play the radio so loud?”
      • “ No, I don’t ______ _____. Do you _________ me to turn it down?”
      • “ Yes, I do, please, if you don’t _________ me to lose my hearing.”
    • Let’s Practice....
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • “ Shirli, must you play the radio so loud?”
      • “ What ___ did ____ you say?”
      • “ Do you __ have to ___ play the radio so loud?”
      • “ No, I don’t __ have to ___. Do you __ want ___ me to turn it down?”
      • “ Yes, I do, please, if you don’t _ want ____ me to lose my hearing.”
    • Let’s Practice....
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • “ _________ you help me, please? I want a book about the Internet, but I ___________ find one.”
      • “ _________ you look among the computer books?”
      • “ Yes, I __________, but I ______________ find anything.”
      • “ Well, I’m ____________ somebody else right now, but I _______ ____ ______ ___ help you in about ten minutes. ________ you come back in ten minutes?”
      • “ OK. And in the meantime, I __________ try again. Maybe I _____ ___ _____ ___ find it by then.”
    • Let’s Practice....
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • “ ___ Can ___ you help me, please? I want a book about the Internet, but I ___ can’t ___ find one.”
      • “ ___ Did ___ you look among the computer books?”
      • “ Yes, I ___ did ____, but I __ couldn’t ____ find anything.”
      • “ Well, I’m __ helping ___ somebody else right now, but I ___ will be able to __ help you in about ten minutes. ___ Can __ you come back in ten minutes?”
      • “ OK. And in the meantime, I ___ will ___ try again. Maybe I __ will be able to __ find it by then.”
    • Refresh Your Memory-- Take another look at the table of helping verbs. Pay attention to the colors.
    • © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • Let’s Review....
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • 1. Moshe _________ drive (V 1 ) more carefully. He _____________ drive (V1) so carelessly.
      • 2. _________ you want (V 1 ) anything to eat?
      • Yes, thanks. I ___________ like (V1) a sandwich.
      • 3. Bob ______ act ing in movies and mak ing lots of money.
      • 4. __________ you seen (V 3 - irregular verb) my hat?
      • No, I ________ remember (V1) seeing it.
      • 5. Dan ______ wasted (V 3 - regular verb) all of his money.
      • 6. Some Americans _______ surprised (V3 - regular verb) when Bush ____ elected (V3 - regular verb) President.
      • These photographs ________ taken (V3 - irregular verb) at Niagara Falls.
      • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • Let’s Review....
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • 1. Moshe _ should __ drive (V1) more carefully. He ___ shouldn’t _ drive (V1) so carelessly.
      • 2. ___ Do _ ___ you want (V1) anything to eat?
      • Yes, thanks. I __ would ____ like (V1) a sandwich.
      • 3. Bob __ is __ act ing in movies and mak ing lots of money.
      • 4. ___ Have ___ you seen (V 3 - irregular verb) my hat?
      • No, I __ don’t _ remember (V1) seeing it.
      • 5. Dan _ has __ wasted (V 3 - regular verb) all of his money.
      • 6. Some Americans _ were __ surprised (V3 - regular verb) when Clinton _ was _ elected (V3 - regular verb) President.
      • These photographs __ were __ taken (V3 - irregular verb) at Niagara Falls.
      • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • Let’s Review Some More....
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • 1. Don’t you ________ you _________ drunk enough beer?
      • 2. People should __________ a dentist once a year.
      • 3. I will ________ an umbrella, because it may __________.
      • 4. Gabi has always ___________ to visit India.
      • 5. Most of our friends had already _________ the party when we arrived. Why did they _________ so soon?
      • 6. Please forgive me for phoning you so early this morning.
      • __________ you sleep ing ?
      • 7. I was ___________ TV, when suddenly I heard a shot.
      • Poor Miri! She ’s __________ her arm! Call a doctor!
      • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • Let’s Review Some More....
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • 1. Don’t you _ think __ you __ have ___ drunk enough beer?
      • 2. People should ___ see ____ a dentist once a year.
      • 3. I will __ take __ an umbrella, because it may __ rain ____.
      • 4. Gabi has always __ wanted ___ to visit India.
      • 5. Most of our friends had already __ left ___ the party when we arrived. Why did they __ leave __ so soon?
      • 6. Please forgive me for phoning you so early this morning.
      • __ Were ____ you sleep ing ?
      • 7. I was __ watching _ TV, when suddenly I heard a shot.
      • 8. Poor Miri! She ’s __ broken __ her arm! Call a doctor!
      • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • Let’s Try a Test....
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • 1. I don’t _________ to think about it.
      • 2. Anat _______ lost ten kilo. You ___________ see her!
      • 3. Did you _____________ to take your keys?
      • 4. I haven’t ________, and I _____ not planning to eat anything before dinner.
      • 5. ________ you considered going into politics?
      • 6. He is ______________ a great expert.
      • 7. A lot of wine was __________ at the party last night.
      • We ___________ talking on the telephone when the lights went out.
    • Let’s Try a Test....
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • 1. I don’t _ want ____ to think about it.
      • 2. Anat __ has __ lost ten kilo. You _ should ____ see her!
      • 3. Did you __ remember ___ to take your keys?
      • 4. I haven’t __ eaten _, and I _ am __ not planning to eat anything before dinner.
      • 5. __ Have __ you considered going into politics?
      • 6. He is __ considered __ a great expert.
      • 7. A lot of wine was __ drunk ___ at the party last night.
      • 8. We ___ were ____ talking on the telephone when the lights went out.
    • A Test....Part 2:
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • 9. You could _________ until the last minute, or you could ________ the work now and _________ it over with.
      • 10. _________ you name ten countries in Africa?
      • 11. I __________ sleep very well last night.
      • I have _________ my promise, and I _________ keep my word.
    • A Test....Part 2:
      • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
      • 9. You could __ wait ___ until the last minute, or you could ___ do ___ the work now and ___ get ___ it over with.
      • 10. ___ Can ___ you name ten countries in Africa?
      • 11. I __ didn’t __ sleep very well last night.
      • I have __ given __ my promise, and I __ will ___ keep my word.
    • This is the end of Lesson 3
    •  
    • by Rachel Bar Yosef
    • ? LESSON 4 V
    • English verb phrases can be l o n g !
      • I couldn’t have been expected to have
      • known that.
      ! יו An 8-word verb! © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • Forming Yes/No Questions
      • Take the first element ( מרכיב ) of the
      • verb and put it before the subject ( נושא ):
      • I can believe it.
      • Can you believe it?
      • I ’ve been there.
      • Have you been there?
    • Forming questions...still!
      • Follow the same rule even for a
      • monster verb!
      • He couldn’t have been expected to
      • understand .
      • Could he have been expected to
      • understand ?
      ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • How do I translate " האם " when I’m forming a yes-no question? © Rachel Bar Yosef,1997
    • To translate “ האם” when forming a yes-no question, simply begin the question with the suitable helping verb. © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • For example : Are you serious? ? האם אתה רציני Are you listening? האם אתה מקשיב ? Do you collect stamps? האם אתה אוסף בולים ? Have you lost weight? האם רזית ? Will he succeed? האם הוא יצליח ? Can you convince me? האם תוכל לשכנע אותי ? © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
    • Let’s Practice....
      • Complete the conversation:
      • BENNY: Arik! I haven’t seen you for a long time!
      • __________________________________________?
      • ARIK: Of course I haven’t been hiding! I’ve been very busy.
      • BENNY: _______________________________________?
      • ARIK: Yes, I’m studying a lot. I want to do well on my exams.
      • BENNY: ________________________________________?
      • ARIK: Yes, unfortunately, I still have that part-time job. It’s really too much. That’s why I’m always so tired.
      • BENNY: ________________________________________?
      • ARIK: You’re right. I guess I wasn’t smart to take the job. But I need the money!
      • BENNY: ________________________________________?
      • ARIK: Yes, I’ve been able to save a lot of money, although not as much as I’d hoped to save!
    • Let’s Practice....
      • Complete the conversation:
      • BENNY: Arik! I haven’t seen you for a long time!
      • _ Have you been hiding? _____________________?
      • ARIK: Of course I haven’t been hiding! I’ve been very busy.
      • BENNY: __ Are you studying a lot? ___________________?
      • ARIK: Yes, I’m studying a lot. I want to do well on my exams.
      • BENNY: ___ Do you still have that part-time job? ________?
      • ARIK: Yes, unfortunately, I still have that part-time job. It’s really too much. That’s why I’m always so tired.
      • BENNY: _ Are you sure you were smart to take the job? ___?
      • ARIK: You’re right. I guess I wasn’t smart to take the job. But I need the money!
      • BENNY: __ Have you been able to save any money? ______?
      • ARIK: Yes, I’ve been able to save a lot of money, although not as much as I’d hoped to save!
    • Let’s Practice
      • Ask these questions in English:
      • האם אתם חייבים לעשות כל כך הרבה רעש ? ___________________________________________ ___
      • האם אראה אותך הערב ?
      • _________________________________________________
      • האם מותר לנו להשתמש במילון ?
      • _________________________________________________
      • השתגעת ?
      • _________________________________________________
      • האם אתה מקשיב ?
      • _________________________________________________
    • Let’s Practice
      • Ask these questions in English:
      • האם אתם חייבים לעשות כל כך הרבה רעש ?
      • _ (Do you have to/Must you) make so much noise? _________
      • האם אראה אותך הערב ?
      • _ Will I see you tonight? ______________________________
      • האם מותר לנו להשתמש במילון ?
      • _ (Are we allowed to/ May we) use a dictionary? ___________
      • השתגעת ?
      • _ Are you crazy? Have you gone crazy? _________________
      • האם אתה מקשיב ?
      • _ Are you listening? _________________________________
    • Let’s Practice
      • Ask these questions in English:
      • האם אי פעם בקרת בפטרה ?
      • _________________________________________________
      • האם שמעת בימיך דבר כל כך מגוחך ?
      • _________________________________________________
      • האם הייתם בהפגנה ?
      • _________________________________________________
      • האם ראית את המפתחות שלי ?
      • _________________________________________________
      • האם היית מציע לי להזמין אותם ?
      • _________________________________________________
    • Let’s Practice
      • Ask these questions in English:
      • האם אי פעם בקרת בפטרה ?
      • _ Have you ever visited Petra? _________________________
      • האם שמעת בימיך דבר כל כך מגוחך ?
      • _ Have you ever heard anything so ridiculous? ____________
      • האם הייתם בהפגנה ?
      • _ Were you at the demonstration? ______________________
      • האם ראית את המפתחות שלי ?
      • _ Have you seen my keys? ____________________________
      • האם היית מציע לי להזמין אותם ?
      • _ Would you (advise me to/suggest that I) invite them? _____
    • WH-words
      • Learn these question words :
      • who whom whose which
      • what where when why
      ? ? ? ? ?
      • And these, too :
      • how how much how many
      • how often [ באיזו תדירות ]
      • how long (ago) [( לפני ) כמה זמן ]
      • how + כל תואר שהוא
      • (how rich, how strong, how sick)
      • ? ? ? ? ?
      WH-words
    • How easy is it?
      • It’s really easy!
      • (The answer:) I want my money. (The next
      • question:) Why do you want your money?
      • (The answer:) I ’ve given Adam some money. (The next question:) How much money have you given him?
      • (The answer:) I ’m planning to leave tomorrow. (The next question:) Why aren’t you planning to leave today ?
    • “ Who” and “What” as subjects
      • Where who or what refers to the subject ,( הנושא )
      • the Hebrew translation is מי או מה ?
      • If who or what refers to the subject, DON’T use do-does-did in the simple tenses; DON’T change the word order:
      • Answer: Tal loves Rami Kleinstein’s music.
      • Question: Who loves Rami Kleinstein’s music?
    • “ Stumpers” ( מכשולים )
      • How old are you? ? בן כמה אתה
      • What happened ? מה קרה ?
      • What did x do? ? X מה עשה
      • When were you born? מתי נולדת ?
      • What do you do for a living? ? במה אתה עובד
      • How long will he be gone?
      • לכמה זמן הוא לא יהיה ?
    • How good are you at this?
      • Ask the right questions. See how much you’ve learned.
      • X: Hello, I’m phoning about your advertisement. _____________________________________________?
      • MOTI: They’re not very old. Five years isn’t really so old. Anyway, they’re in good shape.
      • X: _____________________________________________?
      • MOTI: I’m not “getting rid of” them. I’m offering them because I’m moving to a new flat, where I’m not allowed to keep them.
      • X: _____________________________________________?
      • MOTI: I don’t understand it either. They don’t bother anyone.
    • How good are you at this?
      • Ask the right questions. See how much you’ve learned.
      • X: Hello, I’m phoning about your advertisement.
      • _ How old are they? ______________________________?
      • MOTI: They’re not very old. Five years isn’t really so old. Anyway, they’re in good shape.
      • X: _ Why are you getting rid of them? _________________?
      • MOTI: I’m not “getting rid of” them. I’m offering them because I’m moving to a new flat, where I’m not allowed to keep them.
      • X: _ Why aren’t you allowed to keep them? _____________?
      • MOTI: I don’t understand it either. They don’t bother anyone.
    • Keep going...
      • X: ____________________________________________?
      • MOTI: You can take them whenever it’s convenient. I’m always home.
      • X: ____________________________________________?
      • MOTI: I live on the corner of Plony and Almony.
      • X: I know the building. ___________________________?
      • MOTI: My entrance is Number 2.
      • X: ____________________________________________?
      • MOTI: Oh, I don’t want any money for them. All I care about is finding a good home for them!
      • X: A good home! ________________________________?
      • MOTI: Of course I’m not selling a set of skis! I’m giving away my beloved cats!
    • Keep going...
      • X: _ When can I take them?_ _______________________?
      • MOTI: You can take them whenever it’s convenient. I’m always home.
      • X: _ Where do you live? ___________________________?
      • MOTI: I live on the corner of Plony and Almony.
      • X: I know the building. _ Which entrance is yours? _____?
      • MOTI: My entrance is Number 2.
      • X: _ How much money do you want for them? _________?
      • MOTI: Oh, I don’t want any money for them. All I care about is finding a good home for them!
      • X: A good home! _ Aren’t you selling a set of skis? _____?
      • MOTI: Of course I’m not selling a set of skis! I’m giving away my beloved cats!
    • CONGRATULATIONS! YOUR NAME has been awarded the M.V. (Master of Verbs)
    •