C H03 Working Safelyinthe Shop Rev


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C H03 Working Safelyinthe Shop Rev

  1. 1. Chapter Three Working Safely in the Shop
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Understand the importance of safety and accident prevention in an automotive shop. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the basic principles of personal safety, including protective eye wear, clothing, gloves, shoes, and hearing protection. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the precautions that need to be followed to safely raise a vehicle on a lift. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objectives (Cont’d) <ul><li>Explain what should be done to maintain a safe working area in a shop, including running the engines of vehicles in the shop and venting the exhaust gases. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the purpose of the laws concerning hazardous wastes and materials, including the right-to-know laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe your rights, as an employee and/or student, to have a safe place to work. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Personal Safety <ul><li>Eye protection should always be worn in the shop. </li></ul><ul><li>Caution should be taken when working with components containing asbestos or other toxic substances. </li></ul><ul><li>Exhaust fumes (carbon monoxide) are poisonous and can be deadly. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Personal Safety (Cont’d) <ul><li>Professional appearance and proper dress are important. </li></ul><ul><li>Long hair, baggy clothes, and dangling jewelry can get caught in rotating objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Proper shoes must be worn at all times. </li></ul><ul><li>Using improper lifting techniques can cause serious injury. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Personal Safety (Cont’d) <ul><li>Gloves should be worn during certain operations. </li></ul><ul><li>Ear protection should be worn in environments that are constantly noisy. </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory masks should be worn when working with chemicals that contain toxic fumes. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lifting and Carrying <ul><li>Be sure your path is free of parts or tools. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure the container is in good condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Straighten your legs to lift the object. </li></ul><ul><li>If necessary, turn your whole body, don’t twist your body. </li></ul><ul><li>Bend your legs to lower the object. </li></ul><ul><li>Place suitable blocks under the object. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Professional Behavior <ul><li>Never smoke while working on a vehicle. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your skin away from hot metal parts. </li></ul><ul><li>Always disconnect electric cooling fans when working around a radiator. </li></ul><ul><li>Adhere to all hydraulic press safety precautions. </li></ul><ul><li>Properly store tools and equipment when not in use. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Hand Tool Safety <ul><li>Keep tools in good condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the proper tool for the job. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not put tools in your pocket. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep tools with cutting edges sharp. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep tools clean and free from grease. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Lift Safety <ul><li>Be sure the lift is completely lowered. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not run into or over the lift arms. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure the lift pads contact the specified vehicle lift points. </li></ul><ul><li>Close the doors and trunk lid. </li></ul><ul><li>After the vehicle is raised, be sure the safety mechanism is engaged. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Hydraulic Jack and Safety Stand Safety <ul><li>Be sure the jack lift pad is under the specified vehicle lift point. </li></ul><ul><li>Position the safety stands under a strong chassis member. </li></ul><ul><li>The safety stand legs must contact the floor evenly. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove the jack after the vehicle is sitting on the safety stands. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Power Tool Safety <ul><li>Repair frayed electrical cords immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>The cord must have a good ground connection. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not stand on a wet floor while operating power tools. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not hold components to be drilled in your hand. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Power Tool Safety (Cont’d) <ul><li>Keep fingers and clothing away from rotating equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Sanding and buffing wheels must be securely attached. </li></ul><ul><li>Protective guards must be in place. </li></ul><ul><li>Wear safety glasses or a face shield. </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the tool manufacturer’s directions. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Compressed Air Equipment Safety <ul><li>Be sure an air chisel is properly retained to the actuating tool. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not direct compressed air against human flesh or eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep air hoses and fittings in good condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not blow debris off clothing or hair. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use air pressure to spin bearings. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Cleaning Equipment Safety <ul><li>Do not dump residue from steam cleaning in sewers. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep floors clean and dry. </li></ul><ul><li>Wear protective gloves and a face shield. </li></ul><ul><li>Use only approved cleaning solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Observe all environmental regulations. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Classes of Fires <ul><li>Class “A” fires </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ordinary combustibles such as wood, paper, and plastics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Class “B” fires </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flammable liquids such as gasoline, oil, grease, and paint </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Classes of Fires (Cont’d) <ul><li>Class “C” fires </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical equipment such as electric motors, wiring, and fuse boxes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Class “D” fires </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combustible metals such as aluminum, magnesium, and potassium </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Steps in Using a Fire Extinguisher <ul><li>1. P ull pin from handle. </li></ul><ul><li>2. A im nozzle at base of fire. </li></ul><ul><li>3. S queeze handle. </li></ul><ul><li>4. S weep entire width of fire. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Right-to-Know Laws <ul><li>Right-to-Know laws are intended to provide a safe working place. </li></ul><ul><li>All employees must be trained in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Their rights under the law. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The nature of hazardous chemicals in the workplace. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The contents of the labels on the chemicals. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MSDS sheets must be available. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Hazardous Materials <ul><li>Always read the label and MSDS before using unfamiliar substances. </li></ul><ul><li>Be familiar with the dangers of various substances used in the shop. </li></ul><ul><li>Follow all environmental policies for proper disposal. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Summary <ul><li>Tool and equipment safety rules must always be followed when working in an automotive shop. </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous materials and fire safety rules and regulations must be understood and followed. </li></ul><ul><li>Right-to-know laws are designed to protect employees who must handle hazardous materials and wastes on the job. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Summary (Cont’d) <ul><li>Material safety data sheets (MSDS) contain important chemical information. </li></ul><ul><li>All hazardous and asbestos waste should be disposed of according to OSHA and EPA regulations. </li></ul>