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Ang Makamisa
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Ang Makamisa


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A report based on the research made by Mr. Ambeth Ocampo. The search for Rizal's 3rd novel, ang Makamisa.

A report based on the research made by Mr. Ambeth Ocampo. The search for Rizal's 3rd novel, ang Makamisa.

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  • 1. Ang Makamisa Guzman, Joshua Maberick C. Manalo, Liralain P.
  • 2. Ang Makamisa
  • 3. Ambeth R. Ocampo • Multi-awarded Filipino historian, academic, journalist, and author best known for his writings about Philippines' national hero José Rizal and for "Looking Back", his bi-weekly editorial page column in the Philippine Daily Inquirer. • Chair of the Philippines' National Historical Institute in 2002 and of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts in 2005.
  • 4. Background • Dr. Jose P. Rizal’s unfinished 3rd novel. • After Mass • An anonymous librarian mislabelled the Spanish borrador of the Noli me Tangere. • Cover Title: Borrador incompleto del Noli me Tangere • Measures 21x34 centimeters, comprising 20 folios, with writing on one side only, making 20 pages. • Written in black ink with some erasures and is very brittle.
  • 5. Background • Written by Rizal while he was on the ship Melbourne en route to Hong Kong from Marseilles on October 1981, or in Hong Kong itself in early 1892. • Makamisa is not the title of the unfinished novel; rather, it is the title of a chapter from a larger work. –Mariano Ponce • 3 expository parts: • What goes on in church. • What goes on in the town hall. • What goes on in the gobernadorcillo’s residence. • One of the funniest manuscripts Rizal left us, next to this..
  • 6. Background • Napagkakamalang “Tagalog Nobility.” • Written partly because of Marcelo del Pilar’s honest opinion of El Filibusterismo. • Took 3 years of collation, research and scholarly sleuthing before the manuscript took shape and formed the body of this book.
  • 7. Letter to Marcelo H. del Pilar “I thank you for what you say about my work and I do appreciate your frank opinion on my Filibusterismo, that it is inferior to the Noli. Frankly, without irony or words with a double meaning, I share your honest opinion of my work. For me the Fili as a novel is inferior to the Noli, this is why I receive cum grano salis (with a grain of salt) the opinion of those who tell me that the Fili is superior to Noli. Blumentritt, all the others in Paris and Barcelona, say the Fili is superior simply because they are being kind to me. You are the first one to tell me the truth which coincides with my manner of thinking. This flatters me since it proves I can still judge myself objectively.”
  • 8. Why not Tagalog Nobility? • Tagalog Nobility is set in Malate in 1635. • It deals with the early Filipinos and their customs. • This does not fit with Rizal’s description because of the absence of the lone priest and the Guardia Civil • Tagalog Nobility is not humours. • Style and characters are not the only evidence we have against Tagalog Nobility; more important is the language in which the third novel was written – Tagalog. • Tagalog Nobility does not fit the description simply in Rizal’s letter simply because it is in Spanish.
  • 9. From Tagalog to Spanish. Why? Letter to Blumentritt, 20 April 1892: “The translation of the Noli continues but I have already given up the idea of writing the 3rd part in Tagalog, for it would not be appropriate to write a work in two languages as they would be like the sermon of the friars. So I am writing it now in Spanish.”
  • 10. Proofs • In the October 1981 letter, Rizal informed Blumetritt that he would complete his 3rd novel during the trip, which meant that he was already writing by that time. • A month earlier, Rizal was thinking of writing what he described as the “third part” of his work because of his frustration with El Filibusterismo.
  • 11. Thank You Letter to Blumentritt “But this time politics will not occupy much space in it. Ethics will play the principal role. It will deal only with the mores and customs of the Filipinos; there will be only two Spaniards – the curate and the Teniente de la Guardia Civil. I want to be witty, satirical and candid; I want to cudgel and laugh, laugh amid tears, that is to say, to cry bitterly.”
  • 12. Makamisa fits Rizal’s description perfectly because.. 1st: It is written in Tagalog. 2nd: It deals with the customs of the Filipinos. 3rd: Describes a certain Padre Agaton who lords it over the small town of Pili.
  • 13. Rizal’s 3rd novel cannot be other than Makamisa because.. 1. In letters to Ferdinand Blumentritt, Rizal began his 3rd novel on the ship en route from Marseilles to Hong Kong circa in 1891. Both Makamisa and the Spanish borrador can be dated to his period. 2. Rizal’s 3rd novel, as he stated, was not in Spanish byt in Tagalog. 3. Its storyline touches on the customs of the Tagalogs. 4. Satirical and humorous. 5. Rizal changed his mind and shifted from Tagalog to Spanish, thus ending with two manuscripts with the same story and plot.
  • 14. Characters • Capitana Barang • Capitan Panchong’s wife, Cecilia & Cecilio’s mother • Gave Cecilia to Dona Orang • Mana Sebia • w/ black teeth, short, & fat • Padre Agaton • Curate of Pili • Feared by the whole province, from the townspeople to the gobernadorcillo • Capitan Panchong • Gobernadorcillio of Pili • In danger of losing his position if he fails to impress Padre Agaton in the upcoming Easter Fiesta • Aling Anday • Fura • Barrio fixture • Clodio • Rustic, old man who used to beat the images of the saints when he was in a fould mood • Attends church once a year only out of curiousity
  • 15. • Dr. Lopez • Anti-clerical, anti-friar • Physician who had lived in Europe & became a free thinker • Ysagani • Cecilia’s love interest • Menang • More concerned about the causes of the parish priest’s ill-humour • Capitan Tanukang • Don Paquito • Justice of Peace; la justicia de la paz • Cecilia • Star of Pili • The Pearl of Pili • Dona Orang’s sole heir • Don Fermin • Warehouse keeper of Pili; maniac • Capitan Panchong’s rival • Doña Orang • Cecilia’s aunt • Treated Cecilia as her own daughter • Silvino • Capitan Tanukang’s son • Cecilio • Capitan Panchong’s son
  • 16. Buod • Ang Makamisa ay isang nobelang tinangkang isulat at tapusin sa wikang Tagalog ni Dr. Jose Rizal. Ang kuwento ay umiinog sa bayan ng Pili, at nagsimula sa isang eksena ng misa na ibinigay ni Padre Agaton sa mga mamamayang sakop niya. Kabilang sa mga tauhan ng nobela sina Capitan Panchong, Cecilia, Capitan Tanukang, Don Paquito, Teniente Tato, at Aleng Anday. Taliwas sa Noli Me Tangere at El Filibusterismo, ang Makamisa ay isinulat sa higit na nakakaaliw na paraan.
  • 17. Buod • Dalawang manuskrito ang natagpuan, una ay nasa wikang Tagalog, at ang ikalawa naman ay nasa wikang Espanyol. Ang nasa wikang Espanyol na bersyon ay napagkamalang manuskrito ng unang nobela ni Rizal na Noli Me Tangere kaya't tinaguriang Borrador de Noli Me Tangere (Balangkas ng Noli Me Tangere) ng Pambansang Aklatan ng Pilipinas. Taong 1987 nang matuklasan ni Ambeth Ocampo, na noo'y konsultant ng Pambansang Aklatan, na ang dalawang manuskrito ay may iisang kuwento at walang kinalaman sa nobelang Noli Me Tangere. Taliwas sa Noli Me Tangere at El Filibusterismo, ang Makamisa ay isinulat sa higit na nakakaaliw na paraan.
  • 18. Thank You!