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Ecosystems1
Ecosystems1
Ecosystems1
Ecosystems1
Ecosystems1
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Ecosystems1

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  • 1. Ecosystems11/19/09<br />EQ: What is an ecosystem?<br />
  • 2. Getting the idea:<br />Living things or organisms interact with each other and their environment. <br />Ecology: The study of these interactions<br />
  • 3. Getting the idea:<br />Ecologist: Scientists who study ecology<br />Ecosystems: groups of living things and their nonliving environment. <br />
  • 4. Getting the idea:<br />
  • 5. Ecosystems 1:<br />Defined:<br />Large system with many different parts<br />
  • 6. Ecosystems 1:<br />2 main parts?<br />Living and nonliving parts<br />Ex: Sahara Desert<br />
  • 7. Ecosystems 2:<br />Biotic? <br />living parts of the ecosystem<br />
  • 8. Ecosystems 2:<br />Includes all the living parts that interact<br />Examples?<br />
  • 9. Ecosystems 2:<br />
  • 10. Ecosystems 3:<br />Abiotic? <br />nonliving parts of an ecosystem.<br />Examples?<br />
  • 11. Ecosystems 3:<br />
  • 12. Forests 1:<br />Found where?<br />Mild temperatures & lots of rain<br />
  • 13. Forests 1:<br />3 major types?<br />Temperate deciduous<br />Coniferous<br />Tropical rainforests<br />
  • 14. Forests 2:<br />Temperate deciduous<br />What trees?<br />Ones that lose leafs.<br />
  • 15. Forests 2:<br />Temperate deciduous<br />What animals?<br />Bears, rabbits, deer, snakes, owls<br />
  • 16. Forests 2:<br />Temperate deciduous<br />What plants?<br />Ferns & mosses<br />
  • 17. Fern<br />
  • 18. Mosses<br />
  • 19. Temperate deciduous <br />
  • 20. Temperate deciduous <br />
  • 21. Forests 3:<br />Coniferous<br />Where?<br />Colder temps<br />
  • 22. Forests 3:<br />Coniferous<br />What trees?<br />Pine trees <br />(cones & needles)<br />
  • 23. Forests 3:<br />Coniferous<br />What animals?<br />Finches, jays, elk, moose, beavers, wolves<br />
  • 24. Forests 3:<br />
  • 25. Coniferous<br />
  • 26. Coniferous<br />
  • 27. Forests 4:<br />Tropical rainforests<br />Where?<br />Warm places with lots of rain<br />
  • 28. Forests 4:<br />Tropical rainforests<br />What animals?<br />Monkeys, reptiles, parrots, toucans<br />
  • 29. Animals:<br />
  • 30. Forests 4:<br />Home to 1000s of organisms<br />Some have not been discovered<br />
  • 31. Tropical Rainforest:<br />
  • 32. Tropical Rainforest:<br />
  • 33. Tropical vs Temperate<br />
  • 34. Grasslands:<br />Where found?<br />Warm, temperate with some rainfall<br />
  • 35. Grasslands:<br />What do they look like?<br />Flat or gentle hills<br />
  • 36. Grasslands:<br />Also called?<br />Prairies, savannahs, plains, pampas<br />
  • 37. Grasslands:<br />Plants?<br />Grasses, woody shrubs<br />
  • 38. Grasslands:<br />Animals (America)?<br />Prairie dogs, mice, bison<br />
  • 39. Animals:<br />
  • 40. Grasslands:<br />
  • 41. Grasslands:<br />Animals (Africa)?<br />Elephants, giraffes, zebras<br />
  • 42. Grasslands:<br />
  • 43. Marine ecosystems:<br />How are these grouped?<br />Water temp, sunlight, water depth<br />
  • 44. Marine ecosystems:<br />
  • 45. Coral Reefs:<br />Where?<br />Shallow parts of ocean<br />
  • 46. Coral Reefs:<br />What is environment like?<br />Warm, shallow, sunny<br />
  • 47. Coral Reefs:<br />What is environment like?<br />Warm, shallow, sunny<br />
  • 48. Coral Reefs:<br />What are corals?<br />Small animals<br />Live in groups<br />Leave shells behind<br />
  • 49. Coral Reefs:<br />What causes reef?<br />Shells left behind build up<br />
  • 50. Coral Reefs:<br />What animals live in coral reef?<br />Fish, sponges, sea stars, seaweed, algae.<br />
  • 51. Coral Reefs:<br />
  • 52. Coral Reefs:<br />
  • 53. Estuaries:<br />What is it?<br />Freshwater (streams, rivers) meets salt water (oceans).<br />
  • 54. Estuaries:<br />Soil?<br />Nutrient rich<br />
  • 55. Estuaries:<br />Animals?<br />able to tolerate salt.<br />Shrimp, crabs, clams, turtles<br />
  • 56. Animals:<br />
  • 57. Estuaries:<br />plants?<br />Reeds, grasses<br />
  • 58. Estuaries:<br />
  • 59. Estuaries:<br />
  • 60. Lakes & Ponds:<br />Water?<br />fresh<br />
  • 61. Lakes & Ponds:<br />Found near shore?<br />Algae, cattails, water lilies, snails, insects, frogs, turtles, fish<br />
  • 62. Lakes & Ponds:<br />Found in deeper waters?<br />Catfish, carp, bass, trout<br />
  • 63. Lakes & Ponds:<br />
  • 64. Lakes & Ponds:<br />
  • 65. Review:<br />What scientists study the interaction of living things?<br />Ecologists<br />
  • 66. Review:<br />What is a freshwater ecosystem?<br />A lake or a pond<br />
  • 67. Review:<br />How are estuaries different from lakes, rivers or oceans?<br />Contain fresh & salt water. <br />
  • 68. EQ:<br />What is an ecosystem?<br />Write one thing in your notebooks you learned.<br />

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