Past Questions Summary

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  • 1. Higher Past Questions
  • 2.
    • General summary of the questions that have appeared since about 1994
    • Remember there are often graphs/tables/ diagrams within questions, some which you MUST use, others which may just prompt your answer.
  • 3. 1. Population
    • Census (2007)
    • Pyramid/trend explanation and consequences (2006, 2005, 2004, 2001, 2000, 1997, 1995, 1993)
    • Migration (2006, 2002, 1999, 1996)
    • D.T.M. (1998, 1994)
    • Changes in B.R./ D.R. – case-study (2003, 1994)
    • Some links here, remember EMDC & ELDC differences; time & solutions
  • 4. 2. Rural
    • Shifting Cultivation (2007, 2002, 1999, 1995)
    • Intensive Peasant Farming (2005, 2003, 2001, 1997, 1995)
    • Commercial Arable Farming (2006, 2003, 1997, 1996, 1994)
    • All the others are a choice – know characteristics, settlement patterns, pop density, changes and their impact
  • 5. 3. Biosphere
    • Draw profile (2004, 2002, 1995)
    • Soil forming processes (2004, 2002, 1999, 1995, 1993)
    • Climax Vegetation (2005, 1999, 1994)
    • Plant succession ( psammosere ) (2005, 2003,2001, 2000, 1998, 1997, 1996, 1994)
  • 6. 4. Hydrosphere
    • Map (2005, 2003, 2001, 1999, 1997, 1994)
    • Hydrograph (2006, 2002, 2000, 1998)
    • Drawing/ explaining features (2005, 2003, 1999, 1998, 1997, 1995, 1994)
    • Hydrological Cycle (2004, 1998,1996)
  • 7. 5. Lithosphere
    • Glacial (2007, 2005, 2001, 2000, 1998, 1994)
    • Coasts (2006)
    • Limestone (2004, 2002, 1997, 1995)
    • Mass Movement (2006, 2003, 1999, 1996)
    • These questions are a mix of drawing features, explaining features, identifying on maps/ photographs
  • 8. 6. Atmosphere
    • West Africa (2007, 2003, 2000, 1998, 1995, 1994)
    • Atmospheric Circulation (2004, 1999, 1996
    • Global Heat Budget (2006, 2005, 2002, 1999, 1997, 1996, 1994)
    • Ocean Currents (2004, 1999, 1997
    • Climate Change (2005, 2001, 1997, 1994)
    • Surface winds can also be asked – 1993 & 1999, link with atmospheric circulation
  • 9. 7. Industry
    • Mapwork (2006, 2004, 2003, 2002, 2000, 1998, 1996)
    • Case-Study – why grow & new industries (2007, 2006, 2005, 2001, 2000, 1999, 1997, 1995)
    • Also – environmental impact and general location factors.
  • 10. 8. Urban
    • Map work (2007, 2006, 2004, 2002, 2000, 1999, 1998, 1996, 1995, 1993)
    • Remember map work comes in the different forms (residential, environment, functions, comparisons, land use etc.)
    • Case-Study (2005, 2003, 2001, 1997, 1994)
    • Includes site & situation, land use and changes
  • 11. PAPER 2
    • These questions are very similar. Remember:
      • Causes
      • Consequences
      • Solutions
      • Effectiveness
        • Social, economic, environmental
  • 12. Urban Change
    • The first ‘general’ question can cause confusion
    • Normally a map/graph
    • Differences urban growth in ELDC/EMDCs
    • Distribution of cities in countries
    • Remember case-studies of Pakistan and the UK in general here
  • 13. Urban Change - ELDC
    • Problems of growth, solutions and effectiveness of solutions (2007, 2005)
    • Continued growth & problems/advantages of shanty towns (2006)
    • Causes and problems of growth (2004, 2002)
    • Problems for residents, solutions & effectiveness (2003)
  • 14. Urban Change - EMDC
    • Rural-Urban Fringe (2007)
    • Site/situation; Housing in the suburbs (2006)
    • Traffic congestion in CBD (2005)
    • Changes in CBD, transport/shopping/ leisure; conflict on edge of city (2004)
    • Specific redevelopment area – causes, solutions, effectiveness (2003)
    • Site/situation; general changes in housing/industry/shopping/transport (2002)
  • 15. Rural Land Degradation
    • General question on graph/ erosion by wind or water
    • Questions on case-studies
      • Causes
      • Impacts
      • Solutions
      • Effectiveness
        • Human, Physical, People, Environment
  • 16. Rural Land Degradation - general
    • Erosion by water and wind processes; methods of conservation (2007)
    • Describe & explain rainfall graph (2006)
    • Describe & explain wind erosion (2005)
  • 17. Rural Land Degradation – case studies
    • NA & Africa causes; Africa impact (2007)
    • NA & Africa impact; NA & Africa solutions (2006)
    • Africa causes & impact; NA solutions & effectiveness (2005)
    • NA causes; Africa impact; NA solutions & effectiveness (2004)
    • Africa causes & impact; NA & Africa solutions & effectiveness (2003)
    • NA causes; NA & Africa impact; Africa solutions & effectiveness (2002)