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Gandhi Portrayal

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Describes Gandhi's influence on the world, then asks the audience a series of questions based on the slides.

Describes Gandhi's influence on the world, then asks the audience a series of questions based on the slides.

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  • 1. Gandhi’s Portrayal in the World Justin McCreary
  • 2. Mohandas Gandhi
    • Mohandas Gandhi was born in the seaside town of Porbandar.
    • Located in Northwestern India, north of Mubai (Bombay).
    • Gandhi learned basic ideas of nonviolence from Hinduism, and Jainism.
  • 3. Mohandas Gandhi (cont.)
    • As Gandhi grew older, his family suggested he study law in London.
    • In the fall of 1888, Gandhi left for London.
    • His wife Kasturbai and son, Harilal, stayed with his parents.
  • 4. Mohandas Gandhi (cont.)
    • As Gandhi studied in London, he became familiar with the Bible of the Christian faith.
    • Gandhi was particularly fascinated by Jesus’ call to forgiveness and nonviolence.
  • 5. Mohandas Gandhi (cont.)
    • In London, Gandhi first read the Bhagavad-Gita, the wisdom of Hinduism.
    • From this he took its ideal of the active but selfless human being.
    • Gandhi obtained his law degree in 1891, then returned to India.
    • Accepted an offer in South Africa.
  • 6. Mohandas Gandhi (cont.)
    • In South Africa, Gandhi experienced racial segregation.
    • Legal codes that favored Europeans.
    • Began to employ strikes and marches to make his goals heard.
    • He encouraged Indians to spin their own cloth.
    • Renounce British titles of nobility.
    • Dedicated his life towards helping India seek independence from Britain.
  • 7. Gandhi and Nonviolence
    • Gandhi was imprisoned repeatedly by the British.
    • Insisted that his followers remain nonviolent.
    • Ahimsa (nonviolence) was a fundamental part of his teachings.
    • Believed nonviolence gave great moral power to its followers.
  • 8. Gandhi and Nonviolence
    • Gandhi named this power satyagraha (“reality force” or “holding onto truth”).
    • Gandhi made use of every nonviolent technique imaginable.
    • These techniques included marches, hunger strikes, and demonstrations.
  • 9. The Salt March
    • The Salt March of 1930.
    • Most recognized of Gandhi’s nonviolent protests.
    • All the salt in India was taxed by the British.
    • Illegal to possess salt not purchased from government.
    • Gandhi led a march to the ocean.
    • Gandhi and his followers collected the natural salt left on the beach by waves.
    • Thus breaking the law.
  • 10. Turning Point
    • Seashore communities throughout India began to do the same.
    • Many, including Gandhi, were arrested.
    • This march became the turning point of the Indian independence movement.
  • 11. Title
    • The British government was weakened.
    • British forces finally agreed to leave India in 1947.
    • Gandhi recognized for his influence in this.
    • Writer Rabindranath Tagore called Gandhi Mahatma (“great spirit”).
    • Eventually, this became Gandhi's title.
  • 12. Mahatma Gandhi
    • “ Gandhi believed so much in loving tolerance that he hoped it could keep a newly independent India free of religious battles”(Molloy, 112).
    • Unfortunately, fear and tension are quite common between religious faiths.
    • Muslim leaders feared oppression from the Hindu majority.
    • Worked to create the new separate Muslim state of Pakistan.
    • As a result of this, some Hindu militants wished for revenge.
  • 13. Gandhi’s End
    • In a fit of rage, one of the Hindu militants shot and killed Gandhi in 1948.
    • The last words of Mahatma Gandhi were Ram, Ram (“God”, “God”).
  • 14. Gandhi’s Example
    • Even after death, Gandhi’s example spread across the globe.
    • Gandhi's ideology influenced Martin Luther King Jr.
    • Used in protests against racial segregation in the U.S.
  • 15. Gandhi’s Portrayal
    • Mahatma Gandhi has been portrayed, both comically and seriously, in popular culture.
    • In the humorous cases it is either a comical portrayal of him, his habits, or reference to him.
    • In more serious cases, It is a portrayal that shows respect for Mahatma Gandhi.
  • 16. Bruce Almighty
    • God: “I wanted to explain things to you better, but you left so quickly that I never got the chance.”
    • Bruce: “That thing with the seven fingers kind of freaked me out.”
    • God: “(laughs) I did the same thing to Gandhi once, he didn’t eat for three weeks.”
  • 17. The Simpsons: “Hungry, Hungry Homer”
    • Lisa: “You could do what Gandhi did.”
    • Homer: “Lisa, I don’t see what fighting the British has to do with this.”
    • Lisa: “What?!? No! I mean you could go on a hunger strike.”
    • Homer: “Very well then, I’ll go on a hunger strike.”
  • 18. Clone High
    • In this show, one of the main characters is a clone of Mahatma Gandhi.
    • Unlike the real Gandhi, this character is nothing more than a party animal.
    • This character caused a great deal of controversy in the Indian community.
  • 19. Gandhi
    • Gandhi (1982) is a biographical film about Mohandas ("Mahatma") Gandhi.
    • This is considered to be the most acclaimed tribute to Mahatma Gandhi’s life.
    • Fairly accurate in terms of Gandhi’s life and the Indian struggle for independence.
    • In AFI’s “100 Years…100 Heroes and Villains” Gandhi is ranked at #21 for Heroes.
  • 20. Lage Raho Munna Bhai
    • Lage Raho Munna Bhai (English: Carry on Munna Bhai ) is a 2006 Indian musical comedy film.
    • Munna Bhai begins to see the spirit of Mahatma Gandhi.
    • Through his interactions with the image of Gandhi, he begins to practice what he calls Gandhigiri .
    • Lage Raho Munna Bhai has had a strong cultural impact in India.
    • Popularized Gandhism.
  • 21. Conclusion
    • Gandhi greatly influenced the world in his lifetime.
    • He showed that one can fight their enemies without ever laying a finger on them.
    • His example influenced many recognized people over the years.
    • Most recognized being Martin Luther King Jr.
    • Many portrayals show respect, some choose to mock him.
    • “ An eye for and eye only makes the whole world blind.”
  • 22. Questionnaire
    • What was Gandhi’s title?
    • What nonviolent event is he most known for?
    • How did he die?
    • Who is recognized for following in Gandhi’s footsteps?
    • Name one of the media portrayals from this presentation.
  • 23. Bibliography
    • Molloy, Michael. Experiencing the World’s Religions Tradition, Challenge, and Change . New York: McGraw-Hill, 1999. pp. 111-113.