I want to start my presentation with this video from YouTube . Be thinking about “what are our online ethical responsibilities” are concerning Cyberbullying.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=za2NQJDIxWs&feature=player_embedded
Cyberbullying was termed by Bill Belsey from Canada, who is a pioneer in cyberbullying activism. He has several Web sites devoted to cyberbullying. Here are a few of his sites: www.bullying.org, www.bullyingcourse.com, www.cyberbullying.orgBill Belsey became impassioned aftera terrible campus shooting in Alberta, Canada, just days after the Columbine shooting in Colorado. News that these students were victims of bullying prompted him to become an advocate to the cyberbullied. (http://www.cyberbullyingnews.com/2010/05/bill-belsey-pioneer-cyberbullying-activist/)Digital Abuse is a newer term, that is being used by the MTV athinline.org campaign. Drama is a term that tends to be used by teenagers.
What is the definition of ethical responsibility? According to dictionary.com, ethical is pertaining to right and wrong conduct. Responsibility is the burden of obligation. We have an obligation to do what is right.
Cyberbullying requires each of us to take action as the definition says “to do”. “Bullying is no longer about the strong picking on the weak in the schoolyard. The physical assault has been replaced by a 24 hour per day, seven days a week online bashing. Savvy students are using Instant Messaging, e-mails, chat rooms and websites they create to humiliate a peer. No longer can parents count on seeing the tell-tale physical signs of bullying—a black eye, bloody lip, torn clothes. But the damage done by cyber bullies is no less real, and can be infinitely more painful.”http://www.isafe.org/channels/sub.php?ch=op&sub_id=media_cyber_bullying
The National Crime Prevention Council (2007) states that 4/10 teens have experienced some type of cyberbullying. The majority of victims are female.
Athinline.org campaign by MTV offers kids, teens, and adults an inside look into digital abuse. Here you can find facts, post your own story, read other stories, and even take an awareness quiz to find out if you have been experiencing digital drama. The section “Take Control” offers ways to get help if experiencing digital abuse, how to help others, and be part of the solution.
Kids are using cellphones younger and younger (well maybe not this young). It is reported that most cyberbullying will begin when kids are in 2nd grade and usually continues through about 8th grade. After that most cyberbullying becomes some type of cyber harassment.
I found this Glogster about cyberbullying. There are only 2 links on the site. The 2 people remembered on the site have made national attention about the harsh reality of the end result of cyberbullying. The first person is Megan Meier and…she hung herself at the age of 13, after she had been communicating back and forth with a 16 year old boy, named Drew, on MySpace. After a period of time, “Drew” began saying hateful things about her, which escalated to him saying that the world would be better off without her. The saddest part was that this boy never existed, but was made up by a mother of a girl that Megan had been friends with, but had had a falling out.
The second is Ryan Halligan. RyanHalligan also hung himself, at the age of 13, as well. Ryan had been bullied for several years because of some learning disabilities. After telling a “friend” about an experience at the hospital because of some stomach pain, rumors began to spread that he was gay. He began to spend more time on the computer and was being cyberbullied as well. Things got much worse when a girl from school had convinced Ryan that she liked him only to then call him a loser at school. What was worse was that he had friended a pen pal online and started discussing suicide. When Ryan stated that that he was thinking about commiting suicide, the pen pal had stated that it was about time. This boy had pretty much convinced him to commit suicide.http://www.ryanpatrickhalligan.org/http://shortycake13.edu.glogster.com/cyber-bullying-/
There are currently 45/50 states have a Bullying law. 6/50 states have wording that includes cyberbullying in their law, and 31/50 states have wording that includes electronic harassment in their law. 44/50 states require some kind of school policy about cyberbullying. Missouri’s Law addresses electronic harassment. http://www.cyberbullying.us/Bullying_and_Cyberbullying_Laws.pdf
“Since 2007, Missouri has required every school district to have an anti-bullying policy to address bullying complaints between students. In the last legislative session, the Missouri Legislature amended the requirement to obligate school districts to specifically include “cyberbullying” and “electronic communications” in their anti-bullying policies. Further, the Missouri Legislature amended Section 160.261 of the Missouri Statutes to specifically provide that a school district may discipline students for off-campus conduct that negatively affects the school environment.”(Stump) http://www.lashlybaer.com/pdfs/Cyberbullying_What_School_Districts_and_Educators_Need_to_Know.pdf
How are we going to increase awareness to this problem? We can make laws and policies, but how do reach the kids? Sites online, school programs, parent education, and community education? What is the answer? It isn’t as if we can walk around with our children peeking over their shoulders to see what they are texting. What is our insurance that our own child won’t be affected like Megan Meier or Ryan Halligan, or the others that have ended their lives because of cyberbulying?
Parents don’t overreact, you want your child to talk to you. But, don’t underreact. “What Parents Can Do:Keep your home computer is a busy area of your house. Set up email and chat accounts with your children. Make sure that you know their screen names and passwords and that they don't include any personal information in their online profiles. Regularly go over their instant messenger "buddy list" with them. Ask who each person is and how your children know him or her. Print [a] list of commonly used acronyms in instant messenger and chat rooms from the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children and post it by your computer. Discuss cyberbullying with your children and ask if they have ever experienced it or seen it happen to someone. Tell your children that you won't blame them if they are cyberbullied. Emphasize that you won't take away their computer privileges - this is the main reason kids don't tell adults when they are cyberbullied.” (What Parents Can Do About Cyberbullying)Parents, get a list of texting language. It is easy to find on the internet and print. This way you can understand what they are saying to each other. This a very extensive list and just being aware of some that could cause concern or a red light would be beneficial.Especially for younger kids and early teens, having an agreement between the parents and the child about internet usage would be a good way to talk about ethical responsibility.(http://www.netlingo.com/acronyms.php)(http://www.ncpc.org/topics/cyberbullying/stop-cyberbullying)(http://wiredkids.org/resources/documents/pdf/parentingonline.pdf)
Wiredkids.org provides a Cyberbullying quiz. It is written simply with a variety of questions. It should take less than 10 minutes to complete. The quiz could be taken by yourself, with a friend, or even with a parent. Sometimes cyberbullying isn’t black and white in the beginning. You may be being set-up and then only later realize that you are being cyberbullied. Some more discreet ways of being cyberbullied are: Has your password on your social network site been changed without your knowledge?Started to receive unwanted emails of pornograpy or other such material?Found out later that you were emailing or IM with someone other than whom you believed them to be?Found out that someone pretended to be you online?
KnowDiss, created by Dr. Paddy Clarke, allows a student’s Facebook site to me monitored for suggestive language that could be taken as cyberbullying. If something is analyzed and thought to be suggestive, the parent is emailed immediately. The program cannot function without the permission of the parent and the child. They must sign-up together, but the child must add it to their Facebook page. KnowDiss does not keep any information that it analyzes. It will only look for language that suggest cyberbullying, and so it is only small amounts of information that it does read. It never uses personal information about the user. The parent is notified if the Facebook page is not used for a period of time or is removed. The cost is about $18 per year to use this program.http://knowdiss.com/web/home.phphttp://www.news.com.au/technology/doting-dad-builds-know-diss-the-worlds-first-cyber-bullying-notification-software/story-e6frfro0-1226041634095
There a many Web site that are devoted to increasing the awareness to cyberbullying for kids, parents, teachers, and even law enforcement. WiredSafety.org strives to make the child and parent understand the importance of getting help. They will work with the family, free of charge, to help resolve the cyberbullying, even if law enforcement needs to become involved.
There are many Web sites that offer free resources and curriculum for educating students in the school. Of course, there are programs that will cost money. The three on the slide are free and come from strong anti-cyberbullying Web sites. Common Sense Media breaks the curriculum down by grade level, they even have Web 2.0 activities. This is a very well thought out and organized curriculum, with several types of activities.iLearn is a subsection of iSafe.com, to access their resources, you must create a log-in. You can access various information based on whether you are a kid/teen, parents/fiftyplus, educator, in higher education, law enforcement, media, or homeschool. I wanted to view some of their educator curriculum, but did not have all the information to create a log-in.Cyberbullying Research Center has quite a few resources for the student, parent, and educator. These are all downloadable or printable. Many of these resources can be used in conjunction with a curriculum. http://cybersmartcurriculum.org/cyberbullying/lessons/http://ilearn.isafe.org/http://www.cyberbullying.us/resources.php
We must inform anyone and everyone about cyberbullying. The community encompasses our neighbors, churches, schools, law enforcement, and even local businesses where students work. Mendham Township Library in New Jersey held an informational meeting that included a speaker from the local prosecutor’s office. The library has even started to a new section for youth and parents that will carry books and other informational materials on bullying and other social issues. The Cyberbullying Research Center has many resources overall, but I really liked the resource on how youth can educate the community about cyberbullying. This is a great way for students to take ownership in finding solutions and taking action to lessen the problem of cyberbullying. The Anti-Defamation League has regional offices, Missouri’s is in St. Louis. The ADL has resources and training workshops for schools and the community. All you need to do is contact your regional office.http://www.cyberbullying.us/teens_cyberbullying_prevention_activities_tips.pdfhttp://newjerseyhills.com/observer-tribune/news/article_6800edb2-6c2b-11e0-9fa1-001cc4c03286.htmlhttp://www.adl.org/cyberbullying/http://www.cyberlawenforcement.org/
What can kids do to help combat cyberbullying? Students have the greatest potential to finding solutions and addressing other students about cyberbullying. Teenangels is made up of students ages 13-18 and was created to make the internet safe to use. Any community can create a chapter, made up of students and adult volunteers. Students are required to “study technology and devices, how they work and what tweens do online.” (http://www.teenangels.org/about/earning_their_wings.html) Once they have done their training, they train with the local law enforcement, make presentations, and create web articles for different Web sites. They even have the opportunity to speak at the national Wirekids Summit in Washington, D.C. Teenangels will even do speaking engagements, such as: schools, faith-based organizations, for parents/community, and law enforcement.Tweenangels is an offshoot of Teenangels, and is for students ages 7-12. The are treated very similarly to Teenangels, but provide a different link to the issues of cyberbullying and a safer internet.CyberALLY was created through the Anti-Defamation League. This is a training workshop for Middle and High school students. Here they receive training about cyberbullying, including: the effects, increasing awareness, what makes it different than bullying, strategies on how to handle cyberbullying, and ways to create a new generation without cyberbullying.iSafe.org has create a safe chat room for students to chat with other students. Here the focus is to create change on the internet for a safer cyber experience. Students can share what they are doing to make changes in their community and online.http://teenangels.com/http://tweenangels.com/http://regions.adl.org/michigan/programs/cyberally-a-cyberbullying.htmlhttp://xblock.isafe.org/chat.php
These are the top 15 Social Networking sites on the Internet as of April 2011. How many have you heard of? Or used? How many of these do your own children or students use? I, myself, can’t even stay current on my Facebook account. How do kids use 2, 3, or even 4 and stay aware of what is being said or done? Are there too many social networking sites?
How are Social Networking Sites being ethically responsible? Or are they even trying? I was able to find some information about some changes. Bebo, Facebook, and Formspring have added applications or tools to their sites to make it easier to report abuse. Bebo added their ‘report abuse’ button back in 2009. It has a similar form to the Facebook page above. Even if you are not a member of Bebo, and know of someone that is being cyberbullyied or harassed on the Bebo site, you can still report abuse through the “contact us” section on the home page. Just in March 2011, Formspring answered back to pressure about cyberbullying on their Web site, by developing a research group that help to lead to rid cyberbullying from their site. Since this is very new, we do not know what the results of their research and what actions will be installed onto Formspring. Formspring is also adding more resources to their site that can be used to help one identify whether they are being cyberbullied. Also, at this time Facebook announced that they would install a type of panic button for possible abuse on Facebook. This information collected can also be reported to family, friends, teachers, or other trusted individuals, in addition to being reported to Facebook. Facebook is also adding more resources that will address cyberbullying, much the same as Formspring. http://www.techradar.com/news/internet/bebo-adds-report-abuse-button-to-website-652005http://www.bully4u.ie/parents-what-to-do-if-your-child-is-being-cyberbullied/when-and-how-to-contact-the-service-provider.189.html
I am sure that you know or may even have children under 13 using social networking sites, such as Facebook or Twitter. But, we all know that they must be 13 or older to use these sites. Why is that? Is it about being safe? Are kids less responsible, apt to post something revealing or friend a total stranger? I know that as a parent that it worries me to let my young kids to get on Facebook and roam around. It is easy to click around and find yourself facing a screen that says you are now leaving one section about to enter another section. Or taking one of the quizzes on Facebook allows possible information to be collected. Parents need to inform, teach, trust, and monitor. But, young kids still make mistakes. I found three sites that are for kids ages 7-12 years of age, with safety at the forefront of the design.Everloop is an offshoot of Facebook. They have even teamed-up with iSafe to ensure a safe internet experience. They even include real people to monitor their site.GlobWorld has created a “buddy system” for networking. Two kids can only chat with each other if they have exchanged a code. When online the child must be able to provide that code when making contact online. The only way two children can create this code is if they know each other in the real world and have created a code together. It makes it virtually impossible for a stranger to chat online with a child.What’s What.me has some nice features that make it safe to use. First, you will need a webcam to use this site, because it take a picture of the user and records it for future log-ins. It must match in order to access the site. They also will only allow friending within one grade level, unless a parent has given permission. If a child feels threatened at any time, they can click “Report It”.I am very impressed with the safeguards that these sites have placed for the children and parents.http://www.globworld.com/parents/http://www.everloop.com/http://prc.whatswhat.me/take-a-tour
Cyberbullying Our Ethical Responsibility LIS 5260 Presented by Barbara McCready
Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic by paul.klintworth http://www.flickr.com/photos/27340884@N07/2551604152/sizes/m/in/photostream/
Of 2000 Middle School students who were cyberbullied, 20% thought about attempting suicide , and 19% had actually attempted suicide. http://www.ncpc.org/resources/files/pdf/bullying/cyberbullying.pdf
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) By jeffdhartman http://www.flickr.com/photos/jhartman/4637436011/ As of 2007, Missouri law requires school districts to specifically “include “cyberbullying” and “electronic communications” in their anti-bullying policies.” (Stump)
Cyberbullying Will Be May 19 Mendham Township Library Topic. Observer Tribune. Recorder Community Newspapers. 22 April 2011. Web. 27 April 2011. http://newjerseyhills.com/observer-tribune/news/article_6800edb2-6c2b-11e0-9fa1-001cc4c03286.html “Cyberbullying: Statistics and Tips.” iSafe.org. iSafe, Inc. n.d. Web. 5 April 2011. http://www.isafe.org/channels/sub.php?ch=op&sub_id=media_cyber_bullying “Cybersmart Curriculum.” commonsensemedia.org. Common Sense Media. N.d. Web. 28 April 2011. http://cybersmartcurriculum.org/cyberbullying/lessons/ “Cyberstalking and Harassment Self-Help.” wiredsafety.org. Wired Kids, Inc. n.d. Web. 27 April 2011. http://wiredsafety.com/cyberstalking_harassment/stalking_self_help/index.html Everloop.com. Everloop. n.d. Web. 30 April 2011. http://www.everloop.com/ Globworld.com. Wish B, LLC. n.d.Web. 30 April 2011. http://www.globworld.com/parents/ Hinduja, Sameer and Justin W. Patchin. “Activities for Teens.” cyberbullying.us.CyberbullyingResearch Center. n.d. Web. 28 April 2011. http://www.cyberbullying.us/teens_cyberbullying_prevention_activities_tips.pdf Hinduja, Sameer and Justin W. Patchin. “State Cyberbullying Laws.” cyberbullying.usCyberbullyingResearch Center. n.d. Web. 26 April 2011. http://www.cyberbullying.us/Bullying_and_Cyberbullying_Laws.pdf
Works CIted “iLearn.” iSafe.org. iSafe, Inc. n.d. Web. 28 April 2011. http://ilearn.isafe.org/ KittJT2. Online Ethics Digital E-Dentity. YouTube. YouTube. 16 Feb. 2011. Web. 4 April 2011. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=za2NQJDIxWs&feature=player_embedded MeganMeierFoundation.org. Megan Meier Foundation. n.d.Web. 26 April 2011. http://www.meganmeierfoundation.org/ “Parenting Online.” wiredkids.org. Wired Kids, Inc. n.d. Web. 28 April 2011. http://wiredkids.org/resources/documents/pdf/parentingonline.pdf “Resources.” cyberbullying.us. Cyberbullying Research Center. n.d. Web. 28 April 2011. http://www.cyberbullying.us/resources.php Ryanpatrickhalligan.org. N.p. n.d.Web. 26 April 2011 http://www.ryanpatrickhalligan.org/ shortycake13.edu.glogster.com. Glogstera.s., Inc. n.d. Web. 26 April 2011. http://shortycake13.edu.glogster.com/ “Stop Cyberbullying Before It Starts.” ncpc.org. NCPC. n.d. Web. 26 April 2011. http://www.ncpc.org/resources/files/pdf/bullying/cyberbullying.pdf Stump, Lisa. “Cyberbullying”-What School Districts and Educators Need to Know. Lashly& Baer, P.C. n.d. Web. 28 April 2011. http://www.lashlybaer.com/pdfs/Cyberbullying_What_School_Districts_and_Educators_Need_to_Know.pdf Sutton, Bonnie Bracy. Cyberbullying: An Interview with Parry Aftab. etcjournal.com. ETC. 17 Feb. 2011. Web. 28 April 2011. http://etcjournal.com/2011/02/17/7299/
Works Cited TeenAngels.com. WiredSafety.org. n.d. Web. 27 April 2011. http://teenangels.com/ Top 15 Most Popular Social Networking Websites. eBizmba.com. eBizMBA. April 2011. Web. 30 April 2011. http://www.ebizmba.com/articles/social-networking-websites TweenAngels.com. WiredSafety.org. n.d. Web 27 April 2011. http://tweenangels.com/ “What Parents Can Do About Cyberbullying.” ncpc.org. NCPC. n.d. Web. 28 April 2011. http://www.ncpc.org/topics/cyberbullying/stop-cyberbullying Whatswhat.me. What’s What, LLC. n.d. Web. 30 April 2011. https://www.whatswhat.me/ When and How to Contact the Service Provider. Bully 4U.ie. Bully 4U. n.d. Web. 1 May 2011. http://www.bully4u.ie/parents-what-to-do-if-your-child-is-being-cyberbullied/when-and-how-to-contact-the-service-provider.189.html “X-Block.” iSafe.org.iSafe, Inc. n.d. Web. 27 April 2011. http://xblock.isafe.org/chat.php