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  • 1. RESEARCH PROPOSAL RESEARCH TOPIC COST AND BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF OYSTER SHELL MUSHROOM UNDER DIFFERENT COMPOST MATERIALS JOSEPH . I.K NYANDE 211AB01000014 AGRIBUSINESS DEPARTMENT
  • 2. OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION  INTRODUCTION  RESEARCH OBJECTIVES  LITERATURE REVIEW  MATERIALS AND METHODS  WORKPLAN FOR THE PROJECT  BUDGET FOR THE PROJECT
  • 3. OYSTER SHELL MUSHROOM IMAGES
  • 4. INTRODUCTION  Mushrooms are the fruiting bodies produced by some fungi .  A great number of edible mushrooms belongs to the Class, Basidiomycetes.( Anon, 1999)
  • 5. INTRODUCTION MUSHROOMS CONSIST OF TWO PARTS  The Mycelium  The Fruiting Body MYCELIUM  The mycelium is the part that grows beneath the soil surface and consists of numerous whitish or yellowish threadlike strands called hyphae FRUITING BODY  The fruiting body of the mushrooms which is made up of closely woven strands consist of a stalk also called stipe Which bears a rounded cap, the main reproductive organ.
  • 6. INTRODUCTION KINDS OF MUSHROOMS.  There are thousands species of mushrooms through out the world.  Mushroom are divided into four groups namely: 1. 2. 3. 4. Poisonous Mushrooms Edible Mushrooms Medicinal Mushrooms Miscellaneous Mushrooms
  • 7. INTRODUCTION EDIBLE MUSHROOM  The well known edible mushrooms belongs to the specise— agaricus.  The oyster shell mushroom also belongs to the species— pleurotus
  • 8. INTRODUCTION IMPORTANCE OF MUSHROOM  Rich source of nutrients. contains proteins, vitamin B,C,A and D, carbohydrate, fiber and mineral salts.  Highly recommended for persons suffering from Heart and Kidney troubles.
  • 9. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES  The study seeks to reduce the cost in producing oyster shell mushroom with pito mash and fresh chop straws as compost materials in oyster mushroom .  And also determine the performance of compost materials with pito mash and fresh chop straws as substrate nutrient base in oyster mushroom production.
  • 10. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES. 1. To determine the optimum inclusion level of pito mash with fresh chop straws that can best replace rice or wheat brand in oyster shell mushroom without adverse on the productive performance. 2. To estimate the effect of pito mash with fresh chop straws as nutrient base for the substrate and growth parameters of the oyster shell mushroom. e.g. Weight, height , maturity and tenderness of oyster mushroom.
  • 11. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES. 3. Cost-benefit analysis will be carried out to establish the economic feasibility of the experimental compost materials. 4. Recommendation will be drawn based on the results of the study.
  • 12. BACKGROUND AND JUSTIFICATION  Because of unavailability, highly cost and competitive in demand between the poultry industries and other users of wheat and rice brand.  Therefore the need for other material that can best replace rice or wheat brand in oyster shell mushroom as compost material preparation cannot be over- emphasised.  Therefore in replace of wheat or rice brand which adds proteins and vitamins to the sawdust compost materials.
  • 13. BACKGROUND AND JUSTIFICATION  Pito mash and fresh chop straws which are also highly enriched with vitamins and proteins is needed for sawdust compost materials.  Which are always available and less costly as compared to wheat and rice brands.  Is best for mushroom producers and small scale farmers in the mushroom industries.
  • 14. LITERATURE REVIEW  It is difficult to trace the origin of mushroom cultivation but some species have been grown in Asia which includes oyster shell mushroom, bottom mushroom , shiitake mushroom and enoki mushroom species. Stamets , Paul, and Chilton, J. S., 1983.
  • 15. LITERATURE REVIEW  Oyster mushroom has chemical substance that suppresses some form of cancerous growth or tumours  Oyster mushroom also has the ability to balance cholesterol levels and cure high blood pressure.  Oyster mushroom promote body resistance against infectious disease and accelerates healing of wounds.
  • 16. MATERIALS  Additives: Pito mash and fresh chop straws, Quick lime, Water (drinkable). Sawdust, Rice.  Heat resistant polypropylene or high density polythene bags size ,13 by 7 inches  2cm thick PVC pipe cut into 2.5cm long each used as bottle necks.  Cotton wool plug.  Paper as cover.
  • 17. MATERIALS  Wooden rack 49cm by 10cm high  Good spawns.  Disinfectant for cleaning the table’s ,floors.  Water holes or watering cane or spraying gun.  bowls and knives.  Rubber bands.  200L Oil drums with lid.
  • 18. METHODOLOGY EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN  The experiment would be conducted using two different types of composting materials which will be replicated four times. The treatments are as follows  Pito mash with fresh chop straws compost.  Rice bran compost.
  • 19. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN RICE BRAND T1 PITO MASHT RICE BRND PITO MASH PITO MASH T2 RICE BRAN T3 PITO MASH T4 RICE BRAN
  • 20. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN  Two 2 different composting material would be set in the room four,4 replication will be used for the experiment  In all 200 pieces of compost bag would be used as substrate.  Rice bran compost will be 100 pieces of the substrate.  Pito mash with fresh chop straws will be 100 pieces of the substrate.
  • 21. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN THE TREATMENTS REPRESENTED AS FOLLOWS  25 pieces of locally compost bag which will be represented as T1  25 pieces of newly pito mash with fresh chop straws compost bag will be represented asT2  25 pieces of locally compost bag will represented as T3  25 pieces of newly pito mash with fresh chop straws will be represented asT4 These treatments will be arranged in the room on a shelf design.
  • 22. METHODOLOGY There are six (6) methods in oyster mushroom production  Composting the substrate  Bagging the substrate  Sterilizing the bagged compost  Inoculating the compost bag with spawn  Inoculating the spawned compost bag  Cropping or Harvesting
  • 23. METHODOLOGY COMPOSTING  Sawdust compost bag method is used in the cultivation of oyster shell mushroom. There are two treatment in this experiments.  The locally compost with rice brand.  pito mash with fresh chop straws compost.
  • 24. METHODOLOGY BAGGING THE COMPOST  Purpose, is to pack the composted sawdust into heat resistant polypropylene bags. MATERIALS USED.  Heat resistant polypropylene or high density polythene bags size 33 by 17 .8cm – 0. 10mm inch.(13 by 7 inches)  2cm thick PVC pipe cut into 2.5cm long each used as bottle necks.  Cotton wool plug.  Paper or newsprint cover.  Rubber bands.
  • 25. METHODOLOGY STERILIZATION  Purpose, This is to kill any micro-organisms that may be present within the compost bag. MATERIAL USED  200L Oil drums with lid and tightening band or (any type of equipment to generate a temperature ranging from 90 – 100 Degree Celsius.  Wooden rack 49cm by 10cm high (20 multiply 46 inches)
  • 26. METHODOLOGY INNOCULATION ROOM.  This is an ordinary room with either roofing sheet or thatch. It should be covered on all sides to create a semi dark condition. Preferable temperatures should be between 25-30 degree Celsius.  After these period mycelium begins to thicken within the compost bag and start forming fruiting bodies.This means that it is time to open compost bags for fruiting of mushrooms.
  • 27. METHODOLOGY HARVESTING ROOM  Purpose, is to create the right environmental condition in the room.  high relative humidity ,80-95%, good aeration and light for the mushroom to flush  There should be a wooden structure which covered on all sides with mats and not a cemented house.
  • 28. RESEARCH SCHEDULE ACTIVITY OCTOBE R LIT.REVIEW MUSHROOM PREPARATION DATA COLLECTION DATA SCREANING DATA ANALYSIS REPORT WRITING REPORT EDITTING & SUBMISSION NOVEMB ER DECEMB ER JANUARY FEBRUAR Y MARCH
  • 29. RESEARCH BUDGET RESEARCH BUDGET
  • 30. ITEMS QUANTITY UNITPRICE ESTIMATE Wawa sawdust. 25 basket Pito mash 3 2.0 6.0 fresh chop straws 1 2.o 2.0 Quick lime (White wash 5 2.0 5 o.50 12.50 Rice bran 3 2.0 6.0  Cotton wool plug. 5 2.0 10.50  Paper as cover. 2 2.0 4.0  Rubber bands 3 2.0 6.0  Good spawns 25 8.0 200.0  bowls and knives 3 5.00 15.0  Disinfectant 4 5.00 20.0 2cm thick PVC pope 3 8.00 24.0 Heat resistant polypropylene 5 13.0 65.0

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