Word Forms and Parts ofSpeechESLP 109Summer 2013McClintic
I have a successful sister. In fact, my sisteris successful at whatever she does. Sherecently started a new position at a largecompany. I have no doubt that my sisterwill make successful contributions to hernew job.Analysis
I have a successful sister. In fact, my sistersucceeds at whatever she does. Sherecently started a new position at a largecompany. I have no doubt that mysister’s contributions to her new job willbe a success.Analysis
How is knowledge of word forms useful forEnglish learners?• It builds your vocabulary• Surprise, surprising, surprisingly• It helps you understand complex sentences when reading• It helps you write more advanced (academic) sentences byadding variety to your writing• It helps you when paraphrasing (especially if you arewriting a summary)Parts of Speech
Analyze the following sentence:• What language is this?• How do you know what language it is?o Word ordero Word formParts of SpeechTashism vipped prodoption bortly.
Analyze the following sentence:Each language has a pattern for word order.Parts of SpeechTashism vipped prodoption bortly.Subject verb object
Parts of SpeechPart of Speech DefinitionnounpronounVerbAdjectiveAdverbPrepositionConjunctioninterjectionQuiz:Can you name the 8 parts of speech?
Parts of SpeechPart of Speech Definitionnoun Person, place, thingpronoun Takes the place of a nounVerb Shows action or state and the time of the action or stateAdjective Describe nouns (i.e. it modifies a noun)Adverb Describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbsPreposition Show how nouns or pronouns are related to other words in asentenceConjunction Join words, phrases, or clausesinterjection One word exclamations to show emotion (usually followedby an exclamation mark = !
Pay attention to word order and part of speechBegin developing your “native speaker intuition” ofwhat “sounds right”1. Reading aloud2. Analyzing what you read by focusing on the form3. Listen to how native speakers vary their wordforms/sentence structureWhen learning new vocabulary, learn all forms of thewordLearn common suffixes used to change the form ofwordsImproving Use of Word Forms
Verbs to Nouns Adjectives to Nouns-al-ure-y-ment-ance-ence-ation-sion-er-or-ness-ity-ismCommon Suffixes
Nouns to Adjectives Verbs to Adjectives-ish-y-ly-al-ous-ary-like-ic-less-ful-ive-ent-ant-able-ibleCommon Suffixes
Adjective to Adverb Nouns/Adjectives toVerbs-ly -izeCommon Suffixes